Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi

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Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi 2014 (cropped).jpg
Prime Minister of Samoa
Incumbent
Assumed office
23 November 1998
President Malietoa Tanumafili II
Tufuga Efi
Preceded by Tofilau Eti Alesana
Personal details
Born (1945-04-14) 14 April 1945 (age 69)
Lepa, Samoa
Political party Human Rights Protection Party
Spouse(s) Gillian Muriel Malielegaoi
Alma mater University of Auckland
Religion Roman Catholicism

Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi (born 14 April 1945) is a Samoan politician who has been Prime Minister of Samoa since 1998.

Biography[edit]

Malielegaoi with Pacific Islands leaders and Condoleezza Rice in Apia, 26 July 2008

Born at Lepa, Samoa, Malielegaoi is an economist by profession. He attended high school at St Joseph's College in Lotopa; he then obtained a master's from the University of Auckland, becoming the first Samoan to receive a master's degree in commerce.[1]

He worked for the European Economic Community and Coopers & Lybrand before being elected to the Samoan parliament in 1980.

Tuilaepa was the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance under Tofilau Eti Alesana following the Human Rights Protection Party's return to power after the coalition government of Va'ai Kolone and Tupua. For a while he was both Prime Minister and Minister of Finance after Tofialu stepped down from the Premiership. However, following a Cabinet reshuffle after the following elections in which he led the HRPP for an additional term, Tuilaepa relinquished the post of Minister of Finance to Misa Telefoni Retzlaff who also became the new Deputy Prime Minister.

The reason given for Tuilaepa's relinquishment of the Ministry of Finance was the amount of responsibility and work involved being both Prime Minister and Minister of Finance and to do the job properly required a full-time Minister. Tuilaepa has twice reassigned the Finance portfolio since that time.

Tuilaepa first won election to represent his Lepa district in 1980, after the death of the previous representative. He has been re-elected for Lepa since that time. He served as finance minister in the Tofilau government of 1991 and 1996. In 1996, he was appointed deputy prime minister. In 1998, Tofilau retired from parliament (and hence the prime ministership) due to ill-health. Tuilaepa then became the 6th Prime Minister of Samoa. He has successfully led his HRPP party to re-election in the 2001, 2006 and 2011 general elections.

Malielegaoi lost two relatives in the 2009 Samoan earthquake and tsunami, including the daughter of one of his nieces.[2] Most of Malielegaoi's hometown of Lepa, Samoa, was destroyed in the tsunami, leaving just the church and the village's welcome sign standing.[3]

Regional Polynesian integration[edit]

In late 2011, Tuilaepa initiated a meeting of Polynesian leaders which led, in November, to the formal launching of the Polynesian Leaders Group, a regional grouping intended to co-operate on a variety of issues including culture and language, education, responses to climate change, and trade and investment. The Group was in part a response to the Melanesian Spearhead Group.[4][5][6]

Criticism[edit]

Tuilaepa's government has passed highly controversial legislation to switch Samoan road use from right to left-hand traffic.[7][8] The controversy resulted in a peaceful demonstration which drew more than 15,000 people[citation needed], the largest protest demonstration in Samoan history,[7] and to the founding of the People's Party, a political party established to protest against changing sides.[8][9]

In 2011, Tuilaepa's government introduced a bill to shift Samoa west of the International Date Line, to facilitate economic relations with Australia, New Zealand and Asia (by ensuring that Samoa would no longer be one calendar day away from them). According to Samoa Observer editor Keni Lesa, many Samoans viewed the bill as "another crazy idea from our crazy prime minister". Opposition politicians also criticised it, arguing that it would not increase exports, and that it would in fact deprive Samoa of "its unique tourism selling point as the last place on earth to see the sun", just east of the Date Line. Tuilaepa responded by calling opposition MP Lealailepule Rimoni Aiafi (of the Tautua Samoa Party) "very stupid", adding that "only an idiot" would fail to see the merits of the bill.[10] However, the bill had the support of the Samoa Chamber of Commerce and the vast majority of the private and finance sector. The major benefit being that, given that most trade was conducted with New Zealand and Australia, and a growing trade sector with South East and East Asia, that being on the same day as these major trading partners would lead to improvements in productivity, as more trade could be facilitated during a shared five-day week, as opposed to the previous situation of only sharing three-week days to conduct business.

Opposition to Fiji's Bainimarama[edit]

Tuilaepa has emerged as one of Oceania's most vocal critics of Fijian interim leader Commodore Frank Bainimarama, who came to power in the 2006 Fijian coup d'état. Tuilaepa has stated that Bainimarama has shown little respect for the opinions of regional Pacific leaders.[11] Tuilaepa has said that Bainimarama's actions since the 2006 coup have shown that Bainimarama has no intentions of returning Fiji to democratic rule or holding transparent, free elections.[11] Tuilaepa cites numerous actions by Bainimarama to back up his criticisms, including rescinding assurances to leaders at a regional meeting in Tonga that elections would be held in May 2008.[11] He has also criticised Bainimarama as a "no-show" at regional meetings of the Pacific Islands Forum in Niue and Papua New Guinea.[11] Tuileapa has said that Bainimarama's failure to compromise, hold democratic elections and meet with regional leaders is not the "Pacific way."[11]

In a February 2009 continuation of the war of words between Bainimarama and Tuilaepa, Commodore Bainimarama accused Samoa's foreign policy of being dictated by New Zealand.[11] He also accused Tuilaepa of being "un-Pacific".[11] Tuilaepa fired back, questioning whether Bainimarama was sober when he made these claims and reiterating that Bainimarama shows little respect for Pacific leaders.[11]

Sporting aspirations[edit]

Prime Minister Tuilaepa competed for his country at the 2007 South Pacific Games in the sport of target archery.[12] In participating in the Games, the Prime Minister became the first elected leader to represent his country at a multi-sport event.

Having taken up the sport only five months prior to the Games, Tuilaepa was ranked second in Samoa in the combined bow discipline. The Prime Minister's son was also a reserve team member.[12]

On day 10 of the Games, Tuilaepa won a silver medal in the mixed recurve team play event.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Hon. Tuilaepa Malielegaoi". University of Auckland School of Business. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
  2. ^ Ah Mu, Alan (1 October 2009). "PM lost two relatives". Samoa Observer. Retrieved 5 October 2009. [dead link]
  3. ^ McClean, Tamara (2 October 2009). "Searching ruins for reason to live after the tsunami". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
  4. ^ "NZ may be invited to join proposed ‘Polynesian Triangle’ ginger group", Pacific Scoop, 19 September 2011[dead link]
  5. ^ "New Polynesian Leaders Group formed in Samoa". Radio New Zealand International. 18 November 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "American Samoa joins Polynesian Leaders Group, MOU signed", Savali, 19 November 2011[dead link]
  7. ^ a b "Samoa provokes fury by switching sides of the road", The Telegraph, 3 July 2009
  8. ^ a b "Right-to-left driving switch upsets Samoans", ABC Radio Australia, 12 August 2008[dead link]
  9. ^ "People’s Party to elect leaders", Samoa Observer, 9 November 2008[dead link]
  10. ^ McLean, Tamara (3 June 2011). "Samoan PM attacks dateline switch critics". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h "Samoa's Prime Minister again challenges Fiji's interim Prime Minister". Radio New Zealand International. 1 March 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2009. 
  12. ^ a b Andrews, John (18 August 2007). "Samoa PM draws bow for his country". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  13. ^ "Samoa PM wins archery silver". ABC Radio Australia. Retrieved 6 September 2007. [dead link]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Tofilau Eti Alesana
Prime Minister of Samoa
1998–present
Incumbent