Tujetsch

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Tujetsch
Tujetsch - Sedrun village
Sedrun village
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Tujetsch
Canton Graubünden
District Surselva
46°41′N 8°46′E / 46.683°N 8.767°E / 46.683; 8.767Coordinates: 46°41′N 8°46′E / 46.683°N 8.767°E / 46.683; 8.767
Population 1,542 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 12 /km2 (30 /sq mi)
Area 133.91 km2 (51.70 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,450 m (4,757 ft)
• Highest 3327 m - Péz Tgietschen
• Lowest 1230 m - Nislas
Postal code 7188
SFOS number 3986
Localities Tschamut, Selva, Dieni, Rueras, Zarcuns, Camischolas, Gonda, Sedrun, Bugnei, Surrein, Cavorgia
Surrounded by Airolo (TI), Andermatt (UR), Disentis/Mustér, Gurtnellen (UR), Medel (Lucmagn), Quinto (TI), Silenen (UR)
Website www.tujetsch.ch
SFSO statistics
Tujetsch is located in Switzerland
Tujetsch
Tujetsch

Tujetsch is a municipality in the district of Surselva in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Tujetsch is first mentioned in 1237 as Thiuesch.[3]

Geography[edit]

Sedrun village, part of Tujetsch.

Tujetsch has an area, as of 2006, of 133.9 km2 (51.7 sq mi). Of this area, 25.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 10.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (62%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Disentis sub-district of the Surselva district. It is located at the entrance to the Oberalp Pass and at the source of the Vorderrhein river. It consists of the village of Sedrun, the sections of Tschamut, Selva, Rueras/Dieni, Camischolas/Zarcuns, Gonda and Bugnei on the left bank of the Vorderrhein, and on the right bank are the settlements of Surrein and Cavorgia. Until 1920 there was no direct route between the village halves on each bank of the Vorderrhein. Until 1976 Tujetsch was known as Tavetsch.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Rueras village in Tujetsch
Bugnei rail bridge near Sedrun

Tujetsch has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 1,542.[1] As of 2008, 29.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 25.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Romansh(66.2%), with German being second most common (19.7%) and Italian being third ( 2.6%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 60.2% male and 39.8% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Tujetsch is; 141 children or 9.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 181 teenagers or 11.9% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 189 people or 12.4% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 251 people or 16.5% are between 30 and 39, 243 people or 15.9% are between 40 and 49, and 209 people or 13.7% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 149 people or 9.8% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 108 people or 7.1% are between 70 and 79, there are 45 people or 3.0% who are between 80 and 89 there are 8 people or 0.5% who are between 90 and 99, and 1 person who is 100 or more.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 55.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (27%), the SP (11.6%) and the FDP (4.6%).[4]

In Tujetsch about 59.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Tujetsch has an unemployment rate of 1.57%. As of 2005, there were 56 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 26 businesses involved in this sector. 177 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 19 businesses in this sector. 389 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 66 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 1,222 or 80.1% are Roman Catholic, while 142 or 9.3% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 23 individuals (or about 1.51% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 6 individuals (or about 0.39% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 63 (or about 4.13% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 5 individuals (or about 0.33% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 31 (or about 2.03% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 33 individuals (or about 2.16% of the population) did not answer the question.[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1850 979
1900 810
1950 1,122
1960 1,855a
2000 1,525
^a Population increase during construction of a power plant.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Disentis/Sedrun (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.1
(37.6)
6.8
(44.2)
10.4
(50.7)
15.3
(59.5)
18.9
(66)
21.4
(70.5)
20.5
(68.9)
16.7
(62.1)
12.9
(55.2)
6.2
(43.2)
2.9
(37.2)
11.5
(52.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
−1.1
(30)
2.0
(35.6)
5.4
(41.7)
10.0
(50)
13.2
(55.8)
15.5
(59.9)
14.9
(58.8)
11.6
(52.9)
8.0
(46.4)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
6.7
(44.1)
Average low °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−4.6
(23.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.3
(34.3)
5.6
(42.1)
8.3
(46.9)
10.6
(51.1)
10.5
(50.9)
7.5
(45.5)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.5
(25.7)
2.8
(37)
Precipitation mm (inches) 68
(2.68)
58
(2.28)
68
(2.68)
84
(3.31)
115
(4.53)
106
(4.17)
112
(4.41)
121
(4.76)
114
(4.49)
88
(3.46)
99
(3.9)
66
(2.6)
1,101
(43.35)
Snowfall cm (inches) 81.1
(31.93)
71.3
(28.07)
54.6
(21.5)
37.9
(14.92)
9
(3.5)
0.8
(0.31)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
11.6
(4.57)
51
(20.1)
63.4
(24.96)
381.7
(150.28)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.4 7.8 9.3 8.9 11.8 11.9 11.4 12.5 9.5 8.8 9.4 9.0 118.7
Avg. snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 10.2 9.6 8.2 5.4 1.1 0.2 0 0 0.1 1.3 6.9 9.1 52.1
 % humidity 68 67 67 66 67 69 69 72 73 71 73 71 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 87 98 131 130 143 167 195 181 154 120 79 73 1,557
Source: MeteoSwiss [8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Tujetsch in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 04-Nov-2009
  5. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  6. ^ a b c Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Retrieved 23 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 1197 meters above sea level.

External links[edit]