Tulare County, California
|County of Tulare
Garden of the Sun
|— County —|
|Metro area||Visalia-Porterville Metropolitan Area|
|Named for||Tulare Lake|
|• County Administrative Officer||Jean Rousseau|
|• Board of Supervisors|
|• Total||12,533.2 km2 (4,839.09 sq mi)|
|• Land||12,494.0 km2 (4,823.97 sq mi)|
|• Water||39.2 km2 (15.12 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||4,421 m (14,505 ft)|
|• Density||35/km2 ( 91/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)|
Tulare County is a county located in the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California, south of Fresno. Sequoia National Park is located in the county, as are part of Kings Canyon National Park, in its northeast corner (shared with Fresno County), and part of Mount Whitney, on its eastern border (shared with Inyo County). As of the 2010 census, the population was 442,179, up from 368,021 at the 2000 census. Its county seat is Visalia.
The county is named for Tulare Lake, once the largest freshwater lake west of the Great Lakes. Drained for agricultural development, the site is now in Kings County, which was created in 1893 from the western portion of the formerly larger Tulare County.
The land was occupied for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. Beginning in the eighteenth century, Spain established missions to colonize California and convert the American Indians to Christianity. Comandante Pedro Fages, while hunting for deserters in the Central Valley in 1772, discovered a great lake surrounded by marshes and filled with rushes; he named it Los Tules (the tules). It is from this lake that the county derives its name. The root of the name Tulare is found in the Nahuatl word tullin, designating cattail or similar reeds.
After Mexico achieved independence, it continued to rule California. The United States defeated Mexico in 1848, and European Americans formed Tulare County from parts of Mariposa County in 1852. Parts of the county's territory were given to Fresno County in 1856, to Kern County and to Inyo County in 1866 and to Kings County in 1893.
The infectious disease Tularemia caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis is named after Tulare County.
In 1908 Colonel Allen Allensworth and associates founded Allensworth as a black farming community. They intended to develop a place where African Americans could thrive free of white discrimination. It was the only community in California founded, financed and governed by African Americans. While its first years were highly successful, the community encountered environmental problems from dropping water tables which eventually caused it to fail. Today the historic area is preserved as the Colonel Allensworth State Historic Park, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The dairy industry, with sales of milk products, brings in the most revenue for the county, typically more than US$ 1 billion a year annually. Oranges, grapes, and cattle-related commodities also earn hundreds of millions of dollars annually.
In 2001, Tulare became the most productive county in the U.S. in terms of agricultural revenues, at US$ 3.5 billion annually. It surpassed Fresno County's US$ 3.2 billion, which had held the top spot for over two decades. Due to the importance of agriculture in the county as well as its location in the state, since 1968 the city of Tulare has been the site of the annual World Ag Expo, the world's largest agricultural exposition.
Minor league sports teams, such as the baseball Visalia Rawhide of the class-A level California League (an affiliate to the Arizona Diamondbacks), two teams of the Minor League Football Association in Tulare and Visalia, and four teams of the Central California Basketball League based in Porterville, attract many residents and add to the amenities in the county.
According to the County's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the county are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||County of Tulare||4,320|
|2||Porterville Developmental Center||3,000|
|3||Kaweah Delta Medical Center||2,000|
|6||College of the Sequoias||1,160|
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 4,839.09 square miles (12,533.2 km2), of which 4,823.97 square miles (12,494.0 km2) (or 99.69%) is land and 15.12 square miles (39.2 km2) (or 0.31%) is water.
Cities, towns, and unincorporated communities
- Incorporated cities
- Census-designated places (CDPs)
- California Hot Springs
- Camp Nelson
- Cedar Slope
- Delft Colony
- East Orosi
- East Porterville
- East Tulare Villa
- El Rancho
- Kennedy Meadows
- Lemon Cove
- Linnell Camp
- McClenney Tract
- Panorama Heights
- Patterson Tract
- Pine Flat
- Poplar-Cotton Center
- Poso Park
- Rodriguez Camp
- Sequoia Crest
- Silver City
- Sugarloaf Mountain Park
- Sugarloaf Saw Mill
- Sugarloaf Village
- Terra Bella
- Three Rivers
- West Goshen
- Other unincorporated communities
- Balance Rock
- Cairns Corner
- Rocky Hill
- White River
- Yokohl Ranch, California (proposed town)
- Yokohl Valley
- Indian reservations
National protected areas
- Blue Ridge National Wildlife Refuge
- Giant Sequoia National Monument (part)
- Inyo National Forest (part)
- Kings Canyon National Park (part)
- Pixley National Wildlife Refuge
- Sequoia National Forest (part)
- Sequoia National Park
Tulare County Transit provides a countywide bus service linking the population centers. A connection to Delano in Kern County is also operated.
The cities of Tulare, Porterville, and Visalia have their own local bus services.
The Visalia Municipal Airport has very limited commercial passenger service. Sequoia Field, just north of Visalia, is a county-owned general aviation airport. The Porterville Municipal Airport is a city-owned airport for the city of Porterville, offers general aviation to the public, it is also home to Porterville Air Attack Base on the south part of the airport. Mefford Field is a city-owned general aviation airport located in Tulare.
Metropolitan Statistical Area
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Tulare County as the Visalia-Porterville, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The United States Census Bureau ranked the Visalia-Porterville, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 111th most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.
The Office of Management and Budget has further designated the Visalia-Porterville, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area as a component of the more extensive Visalia-Porterville-Hanford, CA Combined Statistical Area, the 80th most populous combined statistical area and the 92nd most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Tulare County had a population of 442,179. The racial makeup of Tulare County was 265,618 (60.1%) White, 7,196 (1.6%) African American, 6,993 (1.6%) Native American, 15,176 (3.4%) Asian, 509 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 128,263 (29.0%) from other races, and 18,424 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 268,065 persons (60.6%).
|Population reported at 2010 United States Census|
(of any race)
(of any race)
(of any race)
|California Hot Springs||37||34||0||0||1||0||0||2||3|
|East Tulare Villa||778||491||9||6||10||0||226||36||428|
|Sugarloaf Mountain Park||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Sugarloaf Saw Mill||18||14||0||0||0||0||1||3||4|
(of any race)
|All others not CDPs (combined)||67,213||46,040||512||1,753||1,245||78||15,416||2,169||34,101|
As of the census of 2000, there were 368,021 people, 110,385 households, and 87,093 families residing in the county. The population density was 76 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 119,639 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 58.1% White, 1.6% Black or African American, 1.6% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 30.8% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. 50.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 6.2% were of American, 5.7% German and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 56.3% spoke English, 38.9% Spanish and 1.1% Portuguese as their first language.
There were 110,385 households out of which 44.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.1% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.28 and the average family size was 3.67.
In the county the population was spread out with 33.8% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,983, and the median income for a family was $36,297. Males had a median income of $30,892 versus $24,589 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,006. About 18.8% of families and 23.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.6% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
(reported by the sheriff's office or county police)
- Murders: 30
- Rapes: 40
- Robberies: 87
- Assaults: 411
- Burglaries: 1328
- Thefts: 2117
- Auto thefts: 11
|2012||56.3% 56,956||41.3% 41,752||2.4% 2,392|
|2008||56.9% 59,765||41.5% 43,634||2.0% 2,126|
|2004||66.2% 65,399||32.9% 32,494||1.0% 967|
|2000||60.2% 54,070||36.8% 33,006||3.1% 2,742|
|1996||53.9% 46,272||38.1% 32,669||8.1% 6,905|
|1992||45.7% 40,482||35.2% 31,188||19.1% 16,883|
|1988||59.6% 46,891||39.0% 30,711||1.4% 1,067|
|1984||63.9% 51,066||35.1% 28,065||1.0% 812|
|1980||58.3% 41,317||35.5% 25,155||6.2% 4,374|
|1976||54.5% 31,864||43.7% 25,551||1.8% 1,027|
|1972||59.9% 36,048||36.2% 21,775||3.9% 2,327|
|1968||52.2% 29,314||39.5% 22,180||8.4% 4,695|
|1964||39.8% 22,527||60.1% 33,974||0.1% 51|
|1960||54.0% 29,456||45.6% 24,887||0.4% 239|
|1956||52.5% 26,051||47.2% 23,407||0.3% 160|
|1952||57.1% 30,108||42.1% 22,208||0.8% 437|
|1948||47.0% 18,414||50.2% 19,681||2.8% 1,097|
|1944||49.3% 16,005||50.0% 16,221||0.7% 238|
|1940||42.9% 15,414||56.0% 20,129||1.2% 428|
|1936||30.8% 8,624||67.7% 18,956||1.6% 435|
|1932||32.3% 8,066||62.5% 15,631||5.2% 1,302|
|1928||63.8% 12,057||35.1% 6,635||1.2% 218|
|1924||50.8% 9,484||18.3% 3,425||30.9% 5,765|
|1920||61.3% 9,136||32.4% 4,837||6.3% 941|
Tulare is part of California's 21st congressional district, which is held by Republican Devin Nunes. In the State Assembly, Tulare is in the 29th, 30th, 31st, and 34th districts. The 31st is held by Democrat Henry Perea, while the 29th, 30th, and 34th are held by Republicans Linda Halderman, David Valadao, and Connie Conway, respectively. In the State Senate, Tulare is part of the 16th and 18th districts, which are held by Democrat Michael Rubio and Republican Jean Fuller respectively.
Sequoia National Park
Sequoia National Park is a national park in the southern Sierra Nevada, east of Visalia, California, in the United States of America. It was established in 1890 as the second U.S. national park, after Yellowstone National Park. The park spans 404,051 acres (1,635.14 km2). Encompassing a vertical relief of nearly 13,000 feet (3,962 m), the park contains among its natural resources the highest point in the contiguous 48 United States, Mount Whitney, at 14,505 feet (4,421 m) above sea level. The park is south of and contiguous with Kings Canyon National Park; the two are administered by the National Park Service as one unit, called Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks.
- List of museums in the San Joaquin Valley
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Tulare County, California
- Tulare Lake
- Mount Whitney in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, on border with Inyo County.
- World Ag Expo
- County of Tulare CAFR
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas". United States Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" (CSV). 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" (CSV). 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "city-data-Tulare_County-CA". analyzed data from numerous sources. Retrieved 04-07-2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Tulare County, California|
- Tulare County official website
- Tulare County Agricultural Commissioner/Sealer official website (with Annual Crop and Livestock Reports)
|Kings County||Inyo County|