Tulayl

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tulayl
KeremNaftali View2HulaNationalReserve.jpg
View of the Hula Valley today
Tulayl is located in Mandatory Palestine
Tulayl
Tulayl
Arabic تليل
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°03′03.32″N 35°37′11.57″E / 33.0509222°N 35.6198806°E / 33.0509222; 35.6198806Coordinates: 33°03′03.32″N 35°37′11.57″E / 33.0509222°N 35.6198806°E / 33.0509222; 35.6198806
Population 340 (together with al-Husayniyya) (1945)
Area 5,324 dunams

5.3 km²

Date of depopulation late April 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation

Tulayl (Arabic: تليل‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Safad Subdistrict located 14.5 kilometers (9.0 mi) northeast of Safad. It was situated on small, sandy hill on the southwestern shore of Lake Hula, near the merging of two wadis. Together with the nearby village of al-Husayniyya, it had a population of 340 in 1945. Tulayl was depopulated during the 1948 Palestine War.[2]

History[edit]

Scholars identify the mound upon which Tulayl was built with the Roman town of "Thella".[2] Its hilltop location protected it from floods. Under the Ottoman Empire, in 1596, Tulayl was a part of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jira, under the administration of the Liwa (sanjak) of Safad, with a population of 215. It paid taxes on wheat, barley, bees, and water buffalo. [3] Its houses, closely packed together, were constructed from mud and cane.[2]

During the British Mandate period, it expanded westward and by the 1940s approached the village of al-Husayniyya, itself having expanded eastward. Thus, the two virtually had become one village sharing the same services, including the only school. The entire population, engaged mostly in agriculture, raising water buffalo, and fishing, was Muslim.[2]

Like most villages in the area, Tulayl was captured by Israel during its offensive Operation Yiftach in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Israeli historian Benny Morris speculates it was seized in April 1948. According to Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, "The village site is thickly covered with grass and other vegetation, including some eucalyptus and palm trees. Only one old stone house, with an arched doorway, remains standing.[2]

Economy[edit]

The village comprised a total area of 5,324 dunams. The population of the village was approximately 67% Arab and 33% Jewish in ethnicity.[4] A large number of inhabitants were employed in cereal farming.[4]

Types of land use in dunams in the village in 1945:[4]

Land Usage Arab Jewish
Irrigated and plantation 22 0
Cereal 3,388 1,637
Urban 48 0
Cultivable 3,410 1,637
Non-cultivable 113,116

The land ownership of the village before occupation in dunams:[4]

Owner Dunams
Arab 3,556
Jewish 1,753
Public 15
Total 5,324

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvi, village #37. Morris gives date and cause of depopulation with "?"
  2. ^ a b c d e Khalidi, 1992, p.500.
  3. ^ Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 178. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.500
  4. ^ a b c d Hadawi, 1970

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]