Tulcea County

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Tulcea County
Județul Tulcea
County
Coat of arms of Tulcea County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Tulcea county highlighted
Coordinates: 44°59′N 28°46′E / 44.98°N 28.77°E / 44.98; 28.77Coordinates: 44°59′N 28°46′E / 44.98°N 28.77°E / 44.98; 28.77
Country Romania
Development region Sud-Est
Historical region Dobruja
Capital Tulcea
Area
 • Total 8,499 km2 (3,281 sq mi)
Area rank 4th
Population (2002)
 • Total 265,349
 • Rank 40th
 • Density 31/km2 (81/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 240 or (+40) 340[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-TL
Website County Council
Prefecture
Map of Tulcea County.

Tulcea (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈtult͡ʃe̯a]) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Dobruja, with the capital city at Tulcea.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, Tulcea County had a population of 201,462. The population density was 23.7/km², the lowest among the counties of Romania.

In the Danube Delta there is an important community of Russians and Lipovans. In the south of the county there are communities of Turks. The region once was a centre of Islam in Romania.

Year County population[3]
1948 192,228
1956 Increase 223,719
1966 Increase 236,709
1977 Increase 254,531
1992 Increase 270,197
2002 Decrease 256,492
2011 Decrease 201,462
Ethnicity 2002[4]
All 256,492
Romanian 230,843 (90%)
Lipovan 16,350 (6.4%)
Turkish 3,334 (1.3%)
Roma/Gypsy 2,272 (0.9%)
Greek 1,680 (0.7%)
Ukrainian 1,279 (0.5%)
Tatar 179 (0.1%)
Others 555

Geography[edit]

The county has a total area of 8,499 km².

The Palace of the Danube Commission in Sulina, Tulcea County, Romania, from 1868 to 1921

The most spectacular part of Tulcea County is the Danube Delta, which occupies about 1/3 of the entire surface and is located in the North-East side of the county. The Delta has three main branches: the Sulina branch (the only one navigable by large ships) in the middle, the Chilia branch in the North (the border with Ukraine) and the Sfântu Gheorghe branch (Saint George) in the South.

In the South-East of the county there are two lagoons: Razelm Lake and Sinoe Lake. In the Danube Delta and in the South—in the area between the Sfântu Gheorghe Channel and Razelm Lake—there are countless channels and small lakes. The entire area is included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites and Biosphere reserves.

The Danube River flows around the county in the West and North side. In the West there is the Măcin Branch which flows on the East side of the Great Brăila Island. From Smârdan (on the opposite side from Brăila) to Pătlăgeanca (close to Tulcea), the Danube has only one big flow of water, around which there are an immense number of lakes and small channels.

In the center of the county there is the Casincea Plateau and the Măcin Mountains—the remains of a prehistorical mountains range (more than 400 million years old), with the greatest height at about 400 m.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture and fishing are the main occupations, involving about 48% of the population. Industry is concentrated in the large towns only.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Ship building industry.
  • Metallurgy - aluminium.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Construction materials.

Tourism[edit]

Tourism is an important activity in the county, the Danube Delta being one of the most visited areas in Romania.

The main destinations for tourists are:

Politics[edit]

The current president of Tulcea County Council is Horia Teodorescu (Social Democratic Party).

The Tulcea County Council, elected at the 2012 local government elections, is made up of 30 councilors, with the following party composition:

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Liberal Union 16                                
  Democratic Liberal Party 11                      
  People's Party – Dan Diaconescu 3      

Administrative divisions[edit]

Tulcea County has 1 municipality, 4 towns and 46 communes

  • Municipalities
    • Tulcea - capital city; population: 92,379 (as of 2007)

References[edit]

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, 2002 census: Ethnic structure per county

External links[edit]