Tulja Bhavani Temple

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Tulja Bhavani Temple
Main entrance gate
Main entrance gate
Tulja Bhavani Temple is located in Maharashtra
Tulja Bhavani Temple
Tulja Bhavani Temple
Location in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 18°00′41″N 76°07′32″E / 18.011386°N 76.125641°E / 18.011386; 76.125641Coordinates: 18°00′41″N 76°07′32″E / 18.011386°N 76.125641°E / 18.011386; 76.125641
Name
Proper name: Tulja Bhavani Temple
Location
Country: India
State: Maharashtra
District: Osmanabad
Location: Tuljapur
Architecture and culture
Primary deity: Bhavani
Architectural styles: Hemadpanthi style

Tulja Bhavani Temple (Marathi: श्री क्षेत्र तुळजा भवानी देवस्थान) is a Hindu temple of Goddess Bhavani. It is located in Tuljapur in Osmanabad district of Maharashtra and is considered as one of the 51 Shakti Pithas. It is situated 45  km from Solapur. The temple was built in c. 12th century CE. Another Tulja Bhavani temple was built during 1537-1540 CE in Chittorgarh.[1][dead link] A third temple of Tulja Bhavani is in the village of Patnakuva Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. The Goddess is called swayambhu. Legends say that the Goddess came here from Tuljapur here in the 14th century.

The second among the 'Shaktipeeths' is Tulja Bhavani of Tuljapur. It is the family deity of the Bhosale Royal family, the Yadavs and of countless numbers of families belonging to different castes. The founder of the Maratha kingdom, Shivaji Maharaj always visited the temple to seek her blessings. It is believed that the Goddess gave him a sword - 'the Bhawani sword' - for success in his expeditions. The history of the temple has been mentioned in the ' Skanda_Purana '. There was a sage known as "Kardam" After his death his wife "Anubuti" had performed a penance at the banks of river "mandakini " for Bhavani mata to look after her infant child. While performing the penance the demon known "Kukur" tried to disturb her penance during which the Goddess came to the aid of "Anubuti" and killed the demon "Kukur". From that day onwards the Goddess Bhavani came to be known as Tulja Bhavani. The temple is located on the hill of "Bala ghat".

Tulja Bhavani Idol[edit]

The idol of Goddess Tulja Bhawani is a `swayambhu` (self-orinted).[2] Bhavani is worshipped in the form of a three-foot high granite image, with eight arms holding weapons, bearing the head of the slain demon Mahishasura. Bhawani is also known as Tulaja, Turaja, Tvarita and Amba. The main entrance goes by the name of `Sardar Nimbalkar Pravesh Dwar`. There are two main entrances to get to the main temple. One is called the Raja Shahaji Mahadwar, and the other as Rajmata Jijavu main gate. Going through the Sardar Nimbalkar Pravesh Dwar, there is the Markandeya Rishi`s Temple in the right. After getting down through the stairs, comes the main Tulja Temple. The `yagna kund` is in front of this temple. In the floor of the two main gates (Raja Shahaji Mahadwar and Rajmata Jijavu main gate), there are two libraries named, Shree Santh Dnyaneshwar Dharmik Library and Shree Tukaram Dharmik Library. After alighting from the stairs, there is `Gomukh Theerth` on the right side and `Kalakh`, also known as `Kallol Theerth` on the left side. Before the darshan of the Goddess, devotees take a dip here in these theerths (Shallow tanks of "holy" water). There are also Amruth Kund and Duth temple in the premises. A Siddhi Vinayak temple adorns the left side of the main gate, to the right being the Aadishakti, Aadimata Matangadevi temple respectively. A temple of goddess Annapurna temple is also present in the premises. Legendary stories naturally surround the temple. A demon, Matanga was wreaking havoc upon the gods and humans. Unable to find any solution, they turned to Lord Brahma for help, and upon His advice turned to Goddess Shakti, who took up the form of a destroyer and powered by the other (Sapta) Maataa Varaahi, Brahmi, Vaishnavi, Kaumaari Indraani and Saambhavi, vanquished the demon Matanga and rendered a peace regime. Legend also states that Bhawani finished another demon that had taken up the disguise of a buffalo (Mahisha), and took shelter on the Yamunachala Hill, which is now home to the Tuljabhawani temple.Tuljabhavani mata is kuldevi of all marathas of maharashtra state.

Daily puja rituals[edit]

Chaughada (holy drumming ritual at morning)=[edit]

At 5 a.m., the morning before the Puja starts, the large drums in the drum house (Nagarkhana) of Tuljabhavani temple are played loudly. The drums play the part of call to prayers (puja) for the devotees. The drums are played (Chaughada) three times during the day.

Charantirtha (sacred water ritual of goddess feet and mouth)[edit]

The puja performed is at 5:30 a.m. This puja is performed by the hands of the Mahant. This position is held at present by Tukoji Bua. At the time of Charantirtha puja, the representative of Karvir (Kolhapur) princely state is present. The Mahanta washes the goddess' mouth and feet with hot water, fragrant oil, dudhkhir (milk), pan. Devotees sing the Arti (holy songs). After this Nevaidya (holy meal) of Bhaji-Bhakri is offered to the goddess. A descendant representative of the devotee, Uparkar offers this Nevaidya. Later the Nevaidya of Kheer by the representative of the former princely state of Karvir is offered.

Abhishek (holy bath ritual to goddess) Puja (prayer)[edit]

At 9 o'clock in the morning the goddess has a bath of Panchamrut and curd. Honey, banana and sugar is rubbed to the goddess' mouth. The Gomukh (holy pond of the goddess) water is used for the goddess' bath. During this puja some people bathe the holy throne of goddess by curd, mango juice, and shreekhand. After the bath, Mahanevaidya (big holy meal) by the Karvir (Kolhapur) princely state is offered to the goddess.

Dhup arti[edit]

At noon, the clergy and devotees praise the goddess by singing holy songs and lighting Incense (dhup) and karpur (camphor).

Abhishek (holy bath ritual to goddess)[edit]

At 6:00 PM, the goddess is bathed by Panchamruta and water from Gomukha and puja is performed. The arrangement of these materials is done by the Karvir (Kolhapur) princely state.

Shejarti (nightly sleep songs ritual) and Prakkshal[edit]

At night the Prakkshal ritual is performed using the holy water from the Gomukha and the Nevaidya of Tup (Ghee) and cooked Rice (Bhat) is offered.

During every Aarti, ritual musical instruments such as tal, dimdi and zanj are played. Gondhali play the Sambal instrument as Chaughada are played.

Ajabali[edit]

On Khandenavami and Dussera festival, animals are sacriced in the honor of the goddess. It is believed that about 10,000 animals are sacrificed every year. Some groups in Maharashtra have tried to stop the practice without success.,[3][4]

Tuljabhavani Temple Trust[edit]

The day-to-day affairs of the temple are looked after by the trust which is headed by the District Collector. His deputy, the local member of Maharashtra legislative assembly (MLA), the town Mayor (Nagaradhyaksha), and Tahsildar form the board of trustees.

Temple Priests (Pujari)[edit]

The main pujaris in the temple are from the Maratha subcaste of Bhope, They are in 16 ana system have different PALI (Turns at officiating). There are also some Brahmin Pujari families who serve the needs of the Brahmin and other communities. There are also maratha pujari known as PALIKAR and Brahmin pujari known as UPADHYE

Transportation[edit]

Pilgrims can reach this place by road, rail or airways.

Roadways[edit]

Pilgrims coming from Southern parts can reach this place by roadways through Naladurga. Pilgrims from northern and eastern regions can reach Tuljapur through Solapur while those coming from eastern regions can take a highway through Nagpur or Latur.

State owned and private bus services are available from the neighbouring states, with the journey breaking at places mentioned above. Pilgrims can also travel to this place by their own v

Railways[edit]

Solapur station, located 45 km away, is the nearest major railway station to Tuljapur. Pilgrims can reach here through road from the station. Alternatively pilgrims can reach from Osmanabad station, located 20 km away.

Airways[edit]

The nearest airports to Tuljapur are Pune and Hyderabad. Pilgrims can reach here from these airports through roadways.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mewar encyclopedia
  2. ^ idol
  3. ^ "Temples and Legends of Maharashtra". Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Animal Sacrifice". Retrieved 10 April 2014. 

Solapur

External links[edit]