|Elevation||53 m (174 ft)|
|Irish Grid Reference||R484798|
Tulla (Irish: An Tulach, meaning "hill") is a town in County Clare, Ireland. The town is the commercial centre for Tulla parish and the surrounding area. Tulla church was founded about 620 by Mochuille and the town received its town charter in the 13th century. Tulla is home to a famous Céilí Band. The name may also refer to two half-baronies around the town.
Tulla is translated as Tulach, meaning a hill, but the name of this East Clare village is a shortened version of its full name, Tulach Na nAspal, the hill of the apostles, or possibly Tulach Na nEaspag, the hill of the bishops.
Tulla church was founded about 620 by Mochuille, or Mochulla, son of Dicuil, and was fortified by his converts. In 1086 the monastery was blockaded and nearly taken. In 1141 a detailed account of the life of St. Mochulla was written by a monk in the neighbourhood of Limerick.
The village of Tulla grew up around St. Mochulla's monastery and he became its patron saint. The place was known as Tulach na n-easpoc. It appears as Tulach in 1278. It is named among the parish churches of the diocese of Killaloe in 1302 as Tulach. In 1314, Murchad O'Brien and the Clan Thoirdhealbhaigh ravaged east Clare. The church of Tulach was broken into and despoiled of much goods.
The church and its lands were seized in 1611 as the Reformation spread through Ireland. The Protestant church, whose ruins can today be seen in the Tulla cemetery, was built in 1702 and abandoned in 1812.
Around 1680 Fr. William Connellan was parish priest in Tulla. The "Penal Laws" were in operation at this time. In 1704 all Catholic priests were required to register and Fr. Connellan was one of those to do so, at Ennis, in July of that year.
In 1712 there was an outbreak of agrarian violence and as a result the Penal Laws were more rigidly enforced, resulting in the arrest of Fr. Connellan for saying mass illegally. A government report of 1731 stated the following about Tulla "In this parish there are two Mass Houses, one a very old one, and another a new one. There are two Popish priests, William and Andrew Connellan, there are, likewise, two Popish schoolmasters."
The 1808 "Statistical Survey of Clare" noted that the Tulla market house was quite useless "except for the horses of those who attended divine worship at either church or chapel." This market house has recently been transformed into a modern public library.
In 1837 Tulla Samuel Lewis described Tulla. "This place appears to have some claims to antiquity; there are numerous remains of ancient castles, formerly the residences of its landed proprietors. The town is pleasantly situated on a hill, and is surrounded with highly interesting scenery, enlivened with numerous elegant seats and pleasing villas. The principal trade is derived from its situation on a public thoroughfare, and is chiefly confined to the supply of the surrounding neighbourhood."
In 1845, the population of the Tulla parish was estimated at around 9,000. But by 1851 the population had decreased to roughly 6,700.
The current population of the town of Tulla is 645.
Tulla has a GAA (Gaelic Athletic Association) Club which was founded in 1887. Its home pitch is Dr Daly Memorial Park, named after the famous goalkeeper, Dr. Tommy Daly. Tulla also has a soccer club called "Tulla United A.F.C", which was founded in 1970.
- "Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland. April 2007. Retrieved 2011-05-07.
- A history of Tulla on Clare library's site (Accessed Nov 2010)