Tullio De Mauro
Tullio De Mauro (born 31 March 1932) is an Italian linguist, is Professor Emeritus of General Linguistics at the Faculty of Humanities of the University of Rome "La Sapienza" and an italian politician.
He was born in Torre Annunziata, Province of Naples. He in 1963 he published the monumental Storia linguistica dell'Italia unita ("Linguistic History of Unified Italy"). Two years later De Mauro published L'introduzione alla semantica ("Introduction to Semantics") and, in 1971, Senso e significato.
De Mauro teaches Philosophy of Language and is director of the Department of Linguistic Science at the University of Rome La Sapienza.
In 1975 he has been elected to the Regional Council of Lazio in the lists of PCI. In 1976 he has been appointed commissioner for culture, position he held until 1978.
He has been Minister of Education in the Government Amato II.
From 2001 to 2010 he chaired digital world, the foundation of the city of Rome.
He has collaborated in newspapers and magazines: 1956-1964 with the weekly "Il Mondo", from 1966 to 1979 the newspaper "Paese Sera", from 1981 to 1990 with regular columns on the school (1981-85) and language (1986 ff.) the weekly "L'Espresso". He occasionally collaborated with "L'Unità", "La Stampa", "La Repubblica", "Il Manifesto", "Il Sole-24 Ore", "Il Mattino" and regularly with "Internazionale" with the headings "The word" since 2006 and "Schools" since 2008. Between 1960 and 1973 he collaborated frequently on radio and television RAI when he went back to work again in 1997-2000. Since 1978 he has worked in cycles of radio and television broadcasts of the RTSI (Swiss Italian Radio and Television).
He has given lectures and seminars in universities in various countries:
- Albania (Tirana, 2005),
- Argentina (1995, Buenos Aires),
- Belgium (1968: UL Brussels 1974: Leuven and Louvain visiting UC),
- Brazil (1995 and Fluminense Federal Rio),
- Canada ([1988 Quebec; 1993 Montreal]),
- Chile (1995: State, Santiago),
- China (1988: Peking Bedo;, 2005: Faculty of languages),
- France: (1969: Aix-en-Provence; 1972: Paris VII]),
- West Germany (1987: Heidelberg, Tübingen, 1990: Köln, Hamburg),
- Germany (1994: Freie Universitaet Berlin, Potsdam, 2008 Freie Universitaet Berlin and Humboldt, Stuttgart 2009),
- Japan (1980: Waseda University and ToDay Tokyo, Kyoto, Osaka, 1987, visiting Waseda University Tokyo, 1988, Waseda University Tokyo, Kyoto, 1990: Waseda University, Sophia University, Tokyo, 1995, Waseda University, as a guest of the Japan Foundation;, 2002, 2004, 2006 , 2008: Tokyo Waseda),
- Great Britain (1979: Reading, London 2004),
- Greece (2009: Panteion University of Athens),
- Norway (1978: Oslo, Bergen),
- Netherlands (1975: Amsterdam),
- Romania (Bucharest, 2009) ,
- Spain (1969: Madrid, 1985.1989, 2003 Barcelona, 1993, Cordoba, Malaga, 1994: Zaragoza),
- Sweden (1966: Stockholm, Uppsala, Gothenburg, 1978: Uppsala, 1989, Stockholm, 2005 Stockholm),
- Switzerland (1968: Geneva, Zürich, Basel, 1972: Geneva, 1977 Geneva, Bern, 1987, Geneva, 1991: visiting Bern),
- Hungary (1985: Budapest, Szeged),
- USA (New York University 1992).
He has held individual lessons in Italian universities and in some Italian cultural institutes abroad and the lesson cycles sns of Pisa (1973), the IUSS in Pavia as Visiting (2007), University of Tübingen (2009) and to 'computerized university Neptune (2009).
- Rome 01.06.2007 - Medal meritorious of science and culture (From the Italian President Giorgio Napolitano)
- Rome 11.06.2001 - 1st Class / Knight Grand Cross (From the Italian President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi)
- Rome 02.05.1996 - 2nd Class / Grand Officer (From the Italian President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro)
He was awarded the international prize by Giambattista Vico Foundation of Naples and Vatolla (2009). June, 23rd 2006, the [[Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei] awarded him for all of his research and study the Prize of the President of the Republic, given to him by the Italian President Giorgio Napolitano in October.
He has received numerous honorary degrees. including the following:
- 1999 he was nominated honorary doctor philosophiae et Litterarum by the Catholic University of Louvain
- 2005 doctor honoris causa ENS (École Normale Supérieure)
- April, 1st 2008, the Waseda University in Tokyo has nominated doctor honoris causa in Humanities
- February, 27th 2009 the University of Bucharest named him an honorary doctor.
- November, 10th 2010 by the University Sorbonne Nouvelle.
- Storia linguistica dell'Italia unita (prima edizione 1963, Laterza)
- Introduzione alla semantica (prima edizione 1965, Laterza)
- Introduzione, traduzione e commento del Corso di linguistica generale di Ferdinand de Saussure (prima edizione 1967, Laterza; dal 1972 l'apparato di De Mauro correda l'edizione originale francese)
- Senso e significato (raccolta di saggi, 1971, Adriatica, Bari)
- Ludwig Wittgenstein: his Place in the Development of Semantics (1966, Dordrecht)
- Parlare italiano (1973)
- Scuola e linguaggio (1977, 1978)
- Guida all'uso delle parole (prima edizione 1980, Editori Riuniti)
- Minisemantica (prima edizione 1982, Laterza)
- Capire le parole (raccolta di saggi, prima edizione 1994, Laterza)
- Direzione del Grande Dizionario Italiano dell'Uso, 6 voll. (1999, Utet)
- Prima lezione sul linguaggio (2002, Laterza)
- La cultura degli italiani a cura di Francesco Erbani (2004, Laterza)
- La fabbrica delle parole (2005, Utet)
- Introduzione, traduzione e commento degli Scritti inediti di linguistica generale di Ferdinand de Saussure (2005, Laterza)
- Lezioni di linguistica teorica (2008, Laterza)
- Che cosa è una lingua
- In principio c'era la parola? (2009, Il Mulino)
Selected works 
- Ludwig Wittgenstein (1966)
- Scuola e linguaggio (1977-1978)
- Parlare italiano (1973)
- Guida all'uso delle parole (1987)