Tulsa Golden Hurricane
|Tulsa Golden Hurricane|
|University||University of Tulsa|
|Football stadium||Skelly Field at H.A. Chapman Stadium|
|Basketball arena||Reynolds Center|
|Other arenas||Hurricane Soccer & Track Stadium
Michael D. Case Tennis Center
Donna J. Hardesty Sports and Recreation Complex
|Fight song||Hurricane Fight Song|
Tulsa Golden Hurricane athletics programs include the extramural and intramural sports team of the University of Tulsa. These teams are referred to as the Tulsa Golden Hurricane (or variously as Hurricane, TU or Tulsa). Before adopting the name Golden Hurricane in 1922, the University of Tulsa (TU) had many unofficial team nicknames including Kendallites (from TU's predecessor institution Henry Kendall College), Presbyterians (from the university's founding by the Presbyterian Church), Tulsans, Tigers, Orange and Black and Yellow Jackets. The name "Golden Tornadoes" was chosen by TU football coach H.M. Archer (1922–24) based on new gold and black uniforms (rather than the previous orange and black) and a remark made during practice of the team "roaring through opponents" (during a season when TU went undefeated, including wins over Texas A&M and the University of Arkansas). However, it was quickly discovered that the same name had been chosen in 1917 by Georgia Tech. Archer then substituted the term "hurricane" for "tornado" and a team vote prior to leaving for the game against Texas A&M confirmed the official nickname as "Golden Hurricane".
The Tulsa Golden Hurricane is a member of the American Athletic Conference (The American). The Golden Hurricane were members of Conference USA from 2005 to 2014, winning 40 conference championships, including 16 postseason titles and nine regular season crowns (including three West Division titles). It's the most C-USA titles (Rice is second with 16) since the league re-aligned in 2005-06. It was a member of the Western Athletic Conference from 1996–2004 and the Missouri Valley Conference from 1935 to 1996. In 1985, the MVC dropped football so Tulsa participated as an Independent in football, but remained as an MVC member in other sports, including basketball. Prior to 1935, Tulsa was a member of several conferences.
On April 2, 2013, Tulsa announced that in July 2014 it would leave C-USA for the Big East Conference, which would rename itself the following day as the American Athletic Conference (The American).
Tulsa has won six national championships (three NCAA): four in women's golf and two in men's basketball. The University of Tulsa currently fields a varsity team in eight men's sports and ten women's sports. They are:
Tulsa has the smallest undergraduate enrollment of all schools that participate in NCAA Bowl Sub-Division football. The football team is coached by Bill Blankenship. Blankenship replaced Todd Graham who had replaced Steve Kragthorpe, who led the team to three bowl games in four seasons before accepting the head coaching job at the University of Louisville after the 2006-7 season. Graham, a former Tulsa defensive coordinator, returned to the team after serving as the head coach at Rice University for one season.
Tulsa has appeared in five bowl games between the 2003 and 2008 seasons, including four straight: the 2005 Liberty Bowl, 2006 Armed Forces Bowl, 2008 GMAC Bowl, and 2009 GMAC Bowl. Tulsa's football teams have appeared in a total of 16 bowl games and Tulsa was the first university to play in five straight New Year's Day bowl games: the 1942 Sun Bowl, 1943 Sugar Bowl, 1944 Sugar Bowl, 1945 Orange Bowl, and 1946 Oil Bowl. Tulsa football finished the 1991 season ranked 21st in the nation by the Associated Press and USA Today/Coaches polls. During the 2008 season Tulsa football was ranked as high as 19th nationally by the AP poll, and 18th in both the BCS rankings and USA Today/Coaches poll. Tulsa also led all Division I FBS schools in total offense in 2008 (7,978 yds) and in 2007 (7,832 yds). Tulsa football finished the 2010 season ranked 24th in the Associated Press poll and finished the 2012 season ranked 25th in the USA Today/Coaches poll.
The University of Tulsa has three Pro Football Hall of Fame inductees. Steve Largent and the late Jim Finks were members of the 1995 class, while Bob St. Clair was a 1990 inductee. TU shares the lead for the most NFL Hall of Famers among the Division I FBS football schools in the state of Oklahoma. The University of Tulsa can also take much of the credit for developing the passing game in collegiate football in the 1960s. Tulsa led the nation in passing in 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965 and 1966. Quarterbacks Jerry Rhome (1964) and Billy Guy Anderson (1965) and receiver Howard Twilley (1964–65) set most of the NCAA passing and receiving records, some of which still stand today.
The Tulsa Golden Hurricane basketball program has had a history of success, including NIT championships in 1981 and 2001, an Elite Eight appearance in 2000, three Sweet Sixteen appearances, and 14 trips to the Big Dance. The Golden Hurricane have a long-standing basketball rivalry with Oral Roberts Golden Eagles. The two teams have exchanged a traveling trophy, the Mayor's Cup. Tulsa is also known for developing many coaches who have gone on to great success in the NCAA, including current Texas Tech men's basketball coach Tubby Smith, who won a national championship while he coached at the University of Kentucky, Kansas' Bill Self, and one of Arkansas' most notable former coaches, Nolan Richardson, who is the only head coach to win the NJCAA tournament (with Western Texas Junior College), the NIT (with Tulsa), and the NCAA tournament (with Arkansas). The current men's basketball head coach is Frank Haith.
In 2006, the Tulsa women's basketball team earned its first appearance in the NCAA tournament by winning Conference USA's regular-season and tournament championships. The Golden Hurricane's accomplishment came after back-to-back 19-win seasons and WNIT appearances in 2004 and 2005. Tulsa also appeared in the 2002 WNIT, making it to the second round.
The Tulsa Men's Soccer team has a strong history since it became a varsity sport in 1980. TU has won four conference championships (1991 MVC, 2007, 2008, 2009 C-USA) and five conference tournaments (1991 MVC, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2012 C-USA). Tulsa holds the NCAA record for both consecutive home wins and consecutive home games without a loss, set during the same stretch of 39 games from 1988 to 1992. The Golden Hurricane has twice reached the elite-eight of the NCAA Men's Soccer Championship, falling to eventual champion Indiana in 2004 and top seeded Akron in 2009. Tulsa has participated in eight NCAA tournaments (1991, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012) and has been frequently ranked in the top 25. The school has produced first team All-American, Ryan Pore, who currently plays for the Portland Timbers, and previously played for Kansas City Wizards of Major League Soccer. Terry Boss of Seattle Sounders FC and Lawson Vaughn of D.C. United are former Golden Hurricane currently playing in MLS. Dominic Cervi plays for Celtic F.C. of Glasgow, Scotland, and fellow goalkeeper Tyrel Lacey has signed with FC Lyn Oslo of Oslo, Norway. Since 1995, the head coach has been Tom McIntosh, a prominent figure in Tulsa soccer for over 20 years. The team plays in the Hurricane Soccer & Track Stadium.
The Golden Hurricane Tennis program has string of success, including men's Missouri Valley championships in 1995 and 1996, men's Conference USA championships in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2011 and women's Conference USA championships in 2007, 2008, 2010, and 2011. In 2007, Tulsa's top-ranked player Arnau Brugués-Davi ranked as high as #1 in the nation and a four time All-American, advanced to the quarterfinals of the singles competition at the NCAA Men's Tennis Championship, improving on his 2006 round of sixteen appearance. The University of Tulsa also boasts one of the nation's top tennis facilities, the Michael D. Case Tennis Center, which was host to the 2004 and 2008 NCAA tennis championships.
TU has won four team national titles in women's golf: the 1980 and 1982 AIAW titles and the 1982 and 1988 NCAA titles, with the 1988 title later vacated. Golfers Nancy Lopez, Kathy Baker and Melissa McNamara have won individual national titles. Other notable Golden Hurricane female golfers are Stacy Prammanasudh and Kelly Robbins. The team has won 12 conference championships:
- Missouri Valley Conference (3): 1994–96
- Western Athletic Conference (7): 1999–2005
- Conference USA (2): 2008, 2012
The men's golf team has won 11 conference championships:
- Missouri Valley Conference (8): 1982, 1987–88, 1990–91, 1994–96
- Western Athletic Conference (2): 2002, 2005 (co-champions)
- Conference USA (1): 2007
Tulsa's baseball team played in the College World Series twice, finishing in second and third place. In 1969 the Golden Hurricane made it to the final game of the double-elimination tournament before losing to Arizona State. First baseman Steve Caves and third baseman Les Rogers were named to the all-tournament team. In 1971 Tulsa lasted until the next-to-last game of the tournament before being eliminated. First baseman Jerry Tabb was named the tournament's most valuable player; pitcher Steve Rogers and outfielder Steve Bowling were also named to the all-tournament team. Tulsa held the number one ranking in the polls for part of the 1972 season before being knocked out of that year's playoffs at the district level.
Of the Tulsa baseball players who later played in the major leagues, the most successful was Steve Rogers, who pitched for 12 years with the Montreal Expos and was selected to five All-Star teams. Other Hurricanes who played in the majors included Bud Bloomfield, Steve Bowling, Mark Calvert, Mardie Cornejo, Mike Sember, and Jerry Tabb.
Tulsa dropped its baseball program in 1980, citing rising costs and the need to fund a full women's sports program. Gene Shell, who had coached the program from 1965 to 1980, finished his career at Tulsa with a 478-199 record, and was the fourth winningest coach in college baseball when the program ended. In recent years, the university has been reported on several occasions to be considering whether to restore the baseball program; a formal study was conducted in 2009 after the Tulsa Drillers moved into their new downtown stadium, leaving Drillers Stadium potentially available for college baseball, but the school concluded that the financial demands of adding a new sport were more than it could accept.
The Golden Hurricane softball team won Conference USA regular season and tournament championships in 2006 and 2009. The men's golf team won the Conference USA championship in 2007.
From 1994 to 2009, Tulsa's mascot was Captain 'Cane, an anthropomorphized golden hurricane with human attributes such as biceps, clothes, and a perpetual smirk. This representation of Captain 'Cane was named by Fox Sports as the second worst mascot in the country. From 1977 to 1994, the mascot was known as Hurc or Huffy. In 2009, Captain Cane was redesigned as a human superhero with the power to summon weather.
- "Traditions: History of Golden Hurricane". University of Tulsa Athletic Department.
- "Hurricane Roar", The University of Tulsa Magazine (Homecoming 2008), p. 14.
- "Traditions: History of Golden Hurricane". CSTV Networks, Inc. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "Tulsa Golden Hurricane". cfbdatawarehouse.com. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "University of Tulsa Joins Current BIG EAST in 2014-15" (Press release). Big East Conference. April 2, 2013. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
- "New Name in College Sports - Current BIG EAST Enters New Era as 'American Athletic Conference'". April 3, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
- "TU Athletics Points of Pride". CSTV Networks, Inc. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "OFFICIAL 2007 NCAA MEN’S AND WOMEN’S SOCCER RECORDS BOOK". The National Collegiate Athletic Association. Archived from the original on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "Her er Lyns nye keeper". TV2 Sporten. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
- "Tulsa Women's Golf". Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- "Tulsa Men's Golf". Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- Peter Carry, "Odd One For The Sun Devils", Sports Illustrated, June 30, 1969. ("Until it ran into the Sun Devils, Tulsa—not just the team but the whole town—was enjoying the biggest laughs of the tournament. With 12 of the club's 20 players Tulsa natives, the competition seemed to be less Tulsa against UCLA, Texas or NYU than north side Tulsa players against boys from Tulsa's south side.")
- W. C. Madden, Patrick J. Stewart, The College World Series: A Baseball History, 1947-2003 (McFarland Publishing, 2004), ISBN 978-0786418428, pp. 92-96, 102-104. Excerpts available at Google Books.
- John Klein, "TU reunion was a reminder of its baseball past", Tulsa World, June 18, 2006 – via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
- University of Tulsa at baseball-reference.com.
- "Tulsa Eliminates Baseball Program", Associated Press in Victoria Advocate, April 12, 1980.
- Mike Baldwin, "Coming Out Of Its Shell: Former Tulsa Coach Says College Baseball Is Popular", The Oklahoman, June 7, 1988 (pay site).
- "Tulsa to Induct Three Former Athletes and First 20-Win Basketball Team into Athletic Hall of Fame", University of Tulsa, November 12, 2002.
- John Klein, "Space Available", Tulsa World, June 29, 2009 (pay site).
- Tulsa: Captain Cane, Fox Sports, 2008.
- Bailey, Eric. TU unveils new Captain 'Cane mascot, Tulsa World, September 21, 2009.