|Elevation||822 m (2,697 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Tumakuru (Kannada: ತುಮಕೂರು, Tumakuru) is an industrial city located in the state of Karnataka. Since 28 August 2010, Tumakuru has been accorded the status of a corporation city. It is situated at a distance of 70 kilometers northwest of Bangalore, along National Highway 206. It is the headquarters of the Tumkur district.
Etymologically, Tumakuru is believed to have been mutated possibly from "Tumbe ooru" due to the abundance of Tumbe huuvu, a kind of flower, or Tamate ooru due to the folk musical percussion instrument Tamate, that might have been used most here. Also, it is called as the coconut city.
Another story says that during the rule of cholas Gulur was their capital, since Tumakuru is at high elevation the guards used to be there on any hill with Tumaki (a kind of drum) and used to make sound in case of any alerts; hence the name Tumakuru.
Tumakuru is located at  It has an average elevation of 822 metres (2696 feet). The city has a station on the South Western railway, 43 m. N.W. from Bangalore..
As of 2011[update] India census, Tumakuru had a population of 305,821. At the 2001 census, males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Tumakuru has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 70%. About 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. The most common language in the city is Kannada.
The cultivated products consist chiefly of Coconut, millet, rice, pulses, arecanut and oil seeds. The chief industries are the making of coarse cotton cloths, woolen blankets, ropes, watches (Hindustan Machine Tools), WIPRO, TVSE and Karmobiles Ltd. which is merged with Rane Madras. "Tumakuru Glow for Beauty Crowns" SWARNMANDIR has been chiselling out the intricate nuances of gold crowns for Miss India, Sponsored by TANISHQ and many Temple Crowns even for Sri Channakeshava Temple, Belur... have their industries around the town. In 2011 this city is proposed to become a Municipal Corporation of Karnataka.
Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, KSRTC has a divisional office situated in Tumkur City. The city is well-connected to Bangalore and other cities in the state by KSRTC buses.Volvo buses are available for the city, Bengaluru. Frequent buses are available connecting other taluks and towns of the district. Two National Highways NH-4 & NH-206 pass through the city.
Railways also play a major role in connectivity. The city's Railway Station comes under South Western Railway Zone (India) and was constructed during the British period and has been renovated recently. It is located in centre of the city close to the Bus stand and the Town Hall. It is located in the Bengaluru-Hubli main line.
The city buses are also available for transportation within the city by KSRTC. Popularly known as Sri Siddaganga Nagara Sarige, named after the holy place, Siddaganga.There are more than 50 buses transporting in the city.
The nearest airport to Tumkur is Bengaluru International Airport which is around 80 kilometres from the city.
Most of Kannada and English dailies are circulated in the city.The main local Kannada newspaper is Praja Pragathi.
Tumkur has a private FM radio channel 'Siddhartha' situated at SSIT campus,broadcasting in Kannada language.
List of prominent educational institutions
- Siddaganga Group Of Educational Institutions
- Sri Siddhartha Group Of Educational Institutions
- CIT Group Of Educational Institutions
- Sridevi Group Of Educational Institutions
- HMS Group Of Educational Institutions
- Sacred Heart Group Of Educational Institutions
- Akshaya Institute of Technology
- Vidyavahini Group of Educational Institutions
- Sarvodya Group Of Educational Institutions
- SWARNMANDIR Jewellery Institute
- Bishop Sargant School & P.U.College
- Kendriya Vidyalaya, Tumkur
- St.Joseph's Group Of Educational Institutions
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tumakuru
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.