Tumut Pond Dam
|Tumut Pond Dam|
An aerial photo of Tumut Pondage and dam, 2009.
New South Wales
|Location||Snowy Mountains, New South Wales|
|Purpose||Hydro-power, diversion, irrigation|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Arch dam|
|Height||86.3 m (283 ft)|
|Length||218 m (715 ft)|
|Dam volume||141,000 m3 (5,000,000 cu ft)|
|Spillway capacity||1,926 m3/s (68,000 cu ft/s)|
|Creates||Tumut Pond Reservoir|
|Total capacity||52,793 ML (1,864.4×106 cu ft)|
|Catchment area||332 km2 (128 sq mi)|
|Surface area||202.7 ha (501 acres)|
|Hydraulic head||292.6 m (960 ft)|
|Installed capacity||330 MW (440,000 hp)|
|Annual generation||847 GWh (3,050 TJ)|
Tumut Pond Dam // is a major ungated concrete arch dam across the upper reaches of the Tumut River in the Snowy Mountains of New South Wales, Australia. The dam's main purpose is for the generation of hydro-power and is one of the sixteen major dams that comprise the Snowy Mountains Scheme, a vast hydroelectricity and irrigation complex constructed in south-east Australia between 1949 and 1974 and now run by Snowy Hydro.
The impounded reservoir is called the Tumut Pond Reservoir, or less formally, the Tumut Pondage.
Location and features
Completed in 1959, Tumut Pond Dam is a major dam, located approximately 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south-east of Cabramurra. The dam was constructed by a consortia comprising Kaiser-Walsh-Perini-Raymond based on engineering plans developed by the United States Bureau of Reclamation under contract from the Snowy Mountains Hydroelectric Authority.
The dam wall comprising 141,000 cubic metres (5,000,000 cu ft) of concrete is 86 metres (282 ft) high and 218 metres (715 ft) long. At 100% capacity the dam wall holds back 52,793 megalitres (1,864.4×106 cu ft) of water. The surface area of Tumut Pond Reservoir is 202.7 hectares (501 acres) and the catchment area is 332 square kilometres (128 sq mi). The spillway is capable of discharging 1,926 cubic metres per second (68,000 cu ft/s).
The crest of the dam wall forms part of the road between Cabramurra and Khancoban. The road is closed to through traffic in winter as it is not routinely cleared of snow and ice.
Downstream of the dam wall and located underground is Tumut 1, a conventional hydroelectric power station, that has four turbine generators, with a generating capacity of 330 megawatts (440,000 hp) of electricity; and a net generation of 847 gigawatt-hours (3,050 TJ) per annum. The power station has 262.1 metres (860 ft) rated hydraulic head. The underground powerhouse is located 366 metres (1,201 ft) below ground level.
Tumut Pond Reservoir
Tumut Pond Reservoir or Tumut Pond Pondage (sometimes also Tumut 1 Reservoir/Tumut 1 Pondage) is formed by the Tumut Pond Dam. Snowmelt and other runoff enter the reservoir from the upper Tumut River and the dam impounds the river's natural flow below the Tumut Two Dam wall.
Water from the reservoir, after passing over the spillway of the Tumut Pond Dam, flows downstream, above the underground Tumut 1 Power Station, and into the impounded waters of Talbingo Reservoir, formed by the Talbingo Dam; past Tumut 3 Power Station, into Jounama Pondage, formed by Jounama Dam; and then into Blowering Reservoir, formed by Blowering Dam, passing through Blowering Power Stations. The natural flow of the Tumut River continues into the Riverina region.
- List of dams and reservoirs in New South Wales
- Snowy Hydro Limited
- Snowy Mountains Scheme
- Tumut Hydroelectric Power Station
- Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition. Melbourne: The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. 2005. ISBN 1-876429-14-3.
- "Register of Large Dams in Australia" (Excel (requires download)). Dams information. The Australian National Committee on Large Dams Incorporated. 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- "Dams". Snowy Mountains Scheme. Snowy Hydro. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Tumut-1 Hydroelectric Power Station Australia". Global Energy Observatory. 11 May 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- Bevitt, R.; Erskine, W.; Gillespie, G.; Harriss, J.; Lake, P.; Miners, B.; Varley, I. (May 2009). "Expert panel environmental flow assessment of various rivers affected by the Snowy Mountains Scheme" (PDF). NSW Department of Water and Energy. ISBN 978-0-7347-5656-5.