|Tumut River (Bewuck)|
|Name origin: Aboriginal: derived from Doomut or Doomat; meaning camping by the river|
|State||New South Wales|
|Regions||Australian Alps (IBRA), South Eastern Highlands (IBRA), Snowy Mountains, South West Slopes|
|Part of||Murrumbidgee River, Murray–Darling basin|
|- right||Goobarragandra River, Doubtful Creek|
|Source||Toolong Range, Snowy Mountains|
|- location||west of Mount Jagungal|
|- elevation||1,430 m (4,692 ft)|
|Mouth||confluence with the Murrumbidgee River|
|- location||near Gundagai|
|- elevation||220 m (722 ft)|
|Length||182 km (113 mi)|
|Basin||4,000 km2 (1,544 sq mi)|
|Dams||Happy Jacks, Tumut Pond, Tumut Two, Talbingo, Jounama, Blowering|
|Wikimedia Commons: Tumut River|
Tumut River (//), a perennial stream that is part of the Murrumbidgee catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the Snowy Mountains and South West Slopes districts of New South Wales, Australia.
Location and features
The Tumut River rises on the northern face of Mount Jagungal in the Snowy Mountains at 1,430 metres (4,690 ft) and flows generally north by west, joined by twelve tributaries including the Goobarragandra River and Doubtful Creek, before meeting its confluence with the Murrumbidgee River, at Darbalara near the town of Gundagai; descending 1,210 metres (3,970 ft) over its 182 kilometres (113 mi) course.
Between Cabramurra and Tumut, the natural course of the Tumut River has been altered as a result of the construction of the Snowy Mountains Scheme. A series of sixteen major dams and seven hydro-electric power stations were constructed between 1949 and 1974 to harness the flow of the Tumut and Snowy rivers. The Tumut River is impounded by six dams, located at Happy Jacks Dam, Tumut Pond Dam, Tumut Two Dam, Talbingo Dam, Jounama Dam, and Blowering Dam. Four hydro-power stations are located adjacent to the river flow. Although a relatively short river, the natural flow of the Tumut River is quite high, as it drains the snowmelt and other runoff from a large proportion of the northern Snowy Mountains. The natural flow of the river is amplified by water transferred from the Tooma River and Lake Eucumbene by the Snowy Mountains Scheme.
The Tumut River has been subject to considerable debate and lobbying on environmental grounds. The Tumut River has been widely documented[where?] as suffering from the effects of the un-natural flow regime resulting from the creation of the Snowy Mountain Scheme and the irrigation demand downstream of the Tumut River. Environmental damage attributed to the management of the Tumut River by the Government of New South Wales includes;
- Erosion of river banks - quoted as approximating 2 hectares (4.9 acres) of lost land per 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of river frontage.
- Waterlogging (souring) of low lying land along the river.
- Isolation of historical anabranches of the river (e.g. Holt's anabranch which is now regularly cut off at low flows.) The historic village of Brungle has been the subject of considerable media coverage on both Prime and WIN TV regarding river fows and water quality.
- Thermal pollution (low water temperatures) resulting from the "bottom of the dam" outlet of Blowering Dam.
- Loss of flora and fauna (e.g. platapi) from the extreme changes in water level from high irrigation flows to winter flows of less than 500 megalitres (18×106 cu ft) per day.
- Rock facing of river banks to attempt to control erosion caused by high irrigation flows.
Sporting and leisure activities
The Tumut River has been a popular destination for a variety of sport and leisure activities including;
- Canoeing/Kayaking - there are many excellent opportunities for canoeing downstream of Blowering Dam. Canoeing activities are often limited to higher flows as winter low flows are very difficult to paddle. Paddling is very pleasant at discharges above 2,000 megalitres (71×106 cu ft) per day at Blowering Dam. The Tumut Valley Canoe Club are regular paddlers of the Tumut River. They meet at 5pm on Wednesday during Summer at their clubhouse which is next to the Riverglade caravan park Tumut.
- Fishing - Fishing on the Tumut River is now limited to cold water species e.g. Trout. The low temperatures of the river due to the bottom of the dam releases from Blowering Dam have virtually eliminated native fish species.
- "Tumut River". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Reed, A. W. (1973). Place Names of Australia (paperback). Frenchs Forest, Sydney: Reed Books Pty Limited. p. 214. ISBN 0-589-50128-3.
- "Map of Tumut River". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "About the Lower Murrumbidgee Catchment". CSIRO. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
- Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition. Melbourne: The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. 2005. ISBN 1-876429-14-3.
- "Travel: Tumut". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Hodgkinson, Katrina (4 September 2001). "Tumut River Environmental Damage". Private Members Statements: Hansard. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Tumut: Riparian Condition". State of the Environment Report. Government of the Australian Capital Territory. 2004. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Harris, Graham (2006). "Inland waters". State of the Environment. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Lower Murray River aquatic ecological community" (PDF). Prime Facts (NSW Department of Primary Industries) 172 (2): 1–4. September 2007. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Murrumbidgee and Lake George catchments". Office of Environment and Heritage (map). Government of New South Wales.
- Bevitt, R.; Erskine, W.; Gillespie, G.; Harriss, J.; Lake, P.; Miners, B.; Varley, I. (May 2009). "Expert panel environmental flow assessment of various rivers affected by the Snowy Mountains Scheme" (PDF). NSW Department of Water and Energy. ISBN 978-0-7347-5656-5.