Tumwater, Washington

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Tumwater, Washington
City
Panoramic view of the upper falls & the former Olympia Brewery, 2011
Panoramic view of the upper falls & the former Olympia Brewery, 2011
Nickname(s): Washington's First Community
Location of Tumwater, Washington
Location of Tumwater, Washington
Coordinates: 47°0′28″N 122°54′40″W / 47.00778°N 122.91111°W / 47.00778; -122.91111Coordinates: 47°0′28″N 122°54′40″W / 47.00778°N 122.91111°W / 47.00778; -122.91111
Country United States
State Washington
County Thurston
Incorporated (town) November 25, 1869[1]
Government
 • Type Mayor-council government
 • Mayor Peter N. Kmet
Area[2]
 • Total 14.49 sq mi (37.53 km2)
 • Land 14.32 sq mi (37.09 km2)
 • Water 0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2)
Elevation 174 ft (53 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 17,371
 • Estimate (2013[4]) 18,511
 • Density 1,213.1/sq mi (468.4/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 98501, 98511, 98512
Area code 360
FIPS code 53-72905
GNIS feature ID 1512742[5]
Website www.ci.tumwater.wa.us
Tumwater Falls of the Deschutes River, Tumwater, Washington.

Tumwater /ˈtʌmˌwɑːtrə/ is a city in Thurston County, Washington, United States. It lies near where the Deschutes River enters Budd Inlet, the southernmost point of Puget Sound. The population was 17,371 at the 2010 census. Thurston County, which includes the cities of Lacey, Olympia and Tumwater, has a population of 252,264.

Geography[edit]

Tumwater is located at 47°0′28″N 122°54′40″W / 47.00778°N 122.91111°W / 47.00778; -122.91111 (47.007768, -122.911074).[6] The city that borders Tumwater is Olympia.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.49 square miles (37.53 km2), of which, 14.32 square miles (37.09 km2) is land and 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2) is water.[2]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Tumwater has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Based on per capita income, one of the more reliable measures of affluence, Tumwater ranks 89th of 522 areas in the state of Washington to be ranked. It is also the highest rank in Thurston County.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 354
1880 171 −51.7%
1890 410 139.8%
1900 270 −34.1%
1910 490 81.5%
1920 472 −3.7%
1930 793 68.0%
1940 955 20.4%
1950 2,725 185.3%
1960 3,885 42.6%
1970 5,373 38.3%
1980 6,705 24.8%
1990 9,976 48.8%
2000 12,698 27.3%
2010 17,371 36.8%
Est. 2013 18,511 6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2013 Estimate[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 17,371 people, 7,566 households, and 4,460 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,213.1 inhabitants per square mile (468.4 /km2). There were 8,064 housing units at an average density of 563.1 per square mile (217.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.0% White, 1.7% African American, 1.2% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.2% of the population.

There were 7,566 households of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 37.4 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.8% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 12,698 people, 5,659 households, and 3,253 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,276.1 people per square mile (492.7/km²). There were 5,953 housing units at an average density of 598.2 per square mile (231.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.41% White, 1.39% African American, 1.24% Native American, 3.90% Asian, 0.36% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 3.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.08% of the population.

There were 5,659 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 23.2% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,329, and the median income for a family was $54,156. Males had a median income of $41,778 versus $32,044 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,080. About 4.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The Washington State Department of Corrections has its headquarters in Tumwater.[10]

Education[edit]

The Tumwater School District is home to A.G. West Black Hills High School, Black Lake Elementary School, East Olympia Elementary School, George Washington Bush Middle School, Littlerock Elementary School, Michael T. Simmons Elementary School, New Market Skills Center, Peter G Schmidt Elementary School, Tumwater High School, Tumwater Hill Elementary School, and Tumwater Middle School.[11]

The original brewery that produced Olympia Beer as seen in 2012. Tumwater, WA.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tumwater History". Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Tumwater, Washington
  8. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Contact Us." Washington State Department of Corrections. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
  11. ^ "Tumwater School District". Retrieved 2009-05-23. 

External links[edit]