Tunceli

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Tunceli
Municipality
Tunceli in Munzur valley
Tunceli in Munzur valley
Tunceli is located in Turkey
Tunceli
Tunceli
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 39°06′N 39°33′E / 39.100°N 39.550°E / 39.100; 39.550Coordinates: 39°06′N 39°33′E / 39.100°N 39.550°E / 39.100; 39.550
Country  Turkey
Province Tunceli Province
Government
 • Mayor Mehmet Ali Bul (BDP)
Area[1]
 • District 881.76 km2 (340.45 sq mi)
Elevation 940 m (3,085 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 31,469
 • District 35,898
 • District density 41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 62000
Area code(s) 0428
Licence plate 62
Website http://www.tunceli.gov.tr/page.asp?id=49

Tunceli (pronounced [tundʒeli], meaning "Bronze Land" in Turkish, (Kurdish: Dersim, Zazaki: Mamekiye); is a city in Turkey. It is the capital of Tunceli Province, located in the middle of Eastern Anatolia Region. The former name of Tunceli was Mamiki, then Kalan.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tunceli at 39°06′N 39°33′E / 39.100°N 39.550°E / 39.100; 39.550 is situated just to the north of the intersection point of two rivers, Munzur and Pülümür, both flowing to south. The city is founded in the valley of Munzur which is known for its picturesque appearance. It is surrounded by high mountains called Munzur mountains. The city has a limited means of transport to other cities. The population of the city is 32815 as of 2011.[4] It is one of the least populated province centers of Turkey.

History[edit]

During the Ottoman Empire, Tunceli (then known as Kalan) was a part of the region named Dersim. In 1847 Dersim was declared a sanjak (a historical administrative unit smaller than the province) . The capital of the sanjak was Hozat. During the Republican period Tunceli Province was established in 1935. In 1946 the former town of Kalan was renamed as Tunceli and it was declared as the capital city of the province.[5]

Economy[edit]

The main economic activity is animal breeding. Wheat is the only notable agricultural product. There are chromium salt and marble deposits. But only salt is produced. There are a few factories based on agriculture.[6]

Climate[edit]

Tunceli has a dry-summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsa) with very hot, dry summers and freezing cold, snowy winters.

Climate data for Tunceli (1960-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.2
(57.6)
18.1
(64.6)
26.0
(78.8)
32.2
(90)
36.6
(97.9)
39.0
(102.2)
43.5
(110.3)
43.5
(110.3)
40.3
(104.5)
35.6
(96.1)
27.0
(80.6)
21.7
(71.1)
43.5
(110.3)
Average high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
4.5
(40.1)
10.9
(51.6)
17.9
(64.2)
23.9
(75)
29.9
(85.8)
35.0
(95)
35.2
(95.4)
30.5
(86.9)
22.7
(72.9)
13.4
(56.1)
5.5
(41.9)
19.34
(66.82)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.6
(42.1)
11.9
(53.4)
17.1
(62.8)
22.7
(72.9)
27.3
(81.1)
26.9
(80.4)
21.6
(70.9)
14.7
(58.5)
6.9
(44.4)
1.0
(33.8)
12.77
(55)
Average low °C (°F) −5.8
(21.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
0.8
(33.4)
6.2
(43.2)
10.2
(50.4)
14.5
(58.1)
18.9
(66)
18.4
(65.1)
13.3
(55.9)
8.2
(46.8)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
6.64
(43.96)
Record low °C (°F) −30.3
(−22.5)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−24.7
(−12.5)
−7.1
(19.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.3
(41.5)
9.2
(48.6)
7.7
(45.9)
2.6
(36.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
−16.4
(2.5)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−30.3
(−22.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 127.2
(5.008)
109.0
(4.291)
111.2
(4.378)
108.4
(4.268)
70.1
(2.76)
19.0
(0.748)
3.7
(0.146)
2.9
(0.114)
13.9
(0.547)
65.0
(2.559)
104.9
(4.13)
139.6
(5.496)
874.9
(34.445)
Avg. precipitation days 11.9 12.1 13.0 13.8 12.2 5.2 1.5 1.2 2.6 8.4 9.6 11.8 103.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 105.4 112 167.4 192 279 336 368.9 350.3 291 213.9 150 93 2,658.9
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Tahir Sezen, Osmanlı Yer Adları (Alfabetik Sırayla), T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü, Yayın Nu 21, Ankara, p. 265.
  4. ^ Turkish statistical Institute
  5. ^ Tunceli governor's page on history(Turkish)
  6. ^ Tunceli governor's page on Economy (Turkish)
  7. ^ http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=TUNCELI