Tung Wah Group of Hospitals
The Tung Wah Group of Hospitals (Chinese: 東華三院), with a long history from 1870, is the oldest and the largest charitable organisation in Hong Kong. Their education Services and Community Services to the community with a total of 194 service centres spreading over the territory of Hong Kong.
Although it appears a pure charitable organisation nowadays, its board of directors was the most influential party of Chinese residents in early colonial history of Hong Kong. It involves in management of early Chinese functional centre of Man Mo Temple.
In Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences, there is a gallery (Tung Wah Group of Hospitals' Gallery) which displays the exhibits of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals.
The Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Museum in Kwong Wah Hospital is managed by Tung Wah Group of Hospitals.
The name in Chinese is Tung Wah Sam Yuen (東華三院), which means three hospitals of Tung Wah Group. The three hospitals are Tung Wah Hospital (1890), Kwong Wah Hospital (1911) and Tung Wah Eastern Hospital (1929) founded by local Chinese. In 1931, three hospitals formed a group.
Board of Directors
The Board of Directors of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals is responsible for ensuring that the organization is properly maintained. All board appointments require the consent of the Government of Hong Kong.
As of April 4, 2011, Charles Chang Juo Hwa serves as Chairman of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals. Chang previously served as Tung Wah's 1st Vice-Chairman, and has been on the Board of Directors since 2003.
Five hospitals are under the umbrella of the group, including Tung Wah Hospital, Kwong Wah Hospital, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, TWGHs Wong Tai Sin Hospital and TWGHs Fung Yiu King Hospital, providing a total of 3,048 hospital beds (as of 31 December 2003), among which 600 are free of charge.
The training of Nurses using the Chinese language was an important part of the work of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals. The Student Nurses contributed much to the care of patients. In 1964, the Nursing Schools of Tung Wah Hospital, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital and Kwong Wah Hospital were centralized at Kwong Wah Hospital. With the expansion of Kwong Wah Hospital, the number of students increased significantly. There were three classes per year, with as many as 70 students in a class. The centralized School was headed by Sister Tutor-in-Charge Rebecca Chan Chung 鍾陳可慰 from 1964 to 1975. Rebecca Chan Chung was a U.S. Army nurse in China during World War II and authored the book "Piloted to Serve".  
The group operates 52 schools in Hong Kong, including 18 secondary schools, 17 primary schools, 15 kindergartens and 2 schools for the mentally handicapped. Except for the kindergartens, the other schools are all directly funded by the government.
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals C.Y. Ma Memorial College, Au Tau, Yuen Long - since 1994
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Chang Ming Thien College, Sham Shui Po - since 1971
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Chen Zao Men College, Kwai Shing, Kwai Chung - since 1972
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Kap Yan Directors' College, Choi Yuen Estate, Sheung Shui - since 1982
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Kwok Yat Wai College, Tin Shui Wai, Yuen Long - since 1995
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Lee Ching Dea Memorial College, North Point - since 1970
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Li Ka Shing College, Cheung Wah Estate, Fanling - since 1982
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Lo Kon Ting Memorial College, Long Ping Estate, Yuen Long - since 1987
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Lui Yun Choy Memorial College, Tseung Kwan O - since 1995
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Mr. & Mrs. Kwong Sik Kwan College, Tuen Mun - since 1998
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Mrs. Fung Wong Fung Ting College, Lek Yuen Estate, Sha Tin - since 1978
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Mrs. Wu York Yu Memorial College, Kwai Chung - since 1977
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals S.C. Gaw Memorial College, Tsing Yi - since 1984
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Sun Hoi Directors' College, Wu King Estate, Tuen Mun - since 1981
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Wong Fung Ling College, Ma On Shan Road, Sha Tin - since 1977
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Wong Fut Nam College, Oxford Road, Kowloon - since 1961
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Yau Tze Tin Memorial College, Siu Hong Court, Tuen Mun - since 1982
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Yow Kam Yuen College, City One, Sha Tin - since 1985
Primary schools include:
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Chow Yin Sum Primary School
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Wong See Sum Primary School
Community Services Division
As at March 2006, Tung Wah operated 134 community services centres：
- Elderly Services Centres: 41 centres
- Youth and Family Services Centres: 38 centres
- Rehabilitation Services: 38 centres
- Traditional Services: 17 centres, including:
- Funeral parlours:
- Temples and fortune-telling stalls:
- TWGHs Man Mo Temple, 124-126 Hollywood Road - since 1847.
- TWGHs Litt Shing Kung, 128 Hollywood Road - since 1847
- Kwun Yum Temple, 400 Shatin Pass Road, Tsz Wan Shan, Kowloon - since 1853
- TWGHs Kwong Fook Tsz, 40 Tai Ping Shan Street - since 1856
- Hung Shing Temple, Wan Chai, 129 Queen's Road East - since 1860 (The management of the Temple has been delegated to the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals by the Chinese Temples Committee since pre-war times)
- Tin Hau Temple, Temple Street/Public Square Street, Yau Ma Tei - since 1865
- Fook Tak Tsz, Temple Street/Public Square Street, Yau Ma Tei - since 1865
- Shea Tan, Temple Street/Public Square Street, Yau Ma Tei - since 1865
- Shing Wong Temple, Temple Street/Public Square Street, Yau Ma Tei - since 1972
- The School, Temple Street/Public Square Street, Yau Ma Tei - since 1972
- Hung Shing Temple, 58 Fuk Tsun Street, Kowloon - since 1881 (The temple was moved and rebuilt at the present site in 1930, and has since been managed by the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals.)
- Shui Yuet Kung, 90 Shantung Street, Kowloon - since 1884
- Wong Tai Sin fortune-telling and oblation arcade, Lung Cheung Road, in front of Wong Tai Sin Temple, Kowloon - since 1956 (161 soothsayers' stalls and 40 temple goods stalls)
- Commemoration hall:
- Virtue Court, 130 Hollywood Road - since 1993
- "Biography of Charles Chang Juo Hwa". Tung Wah Group of Hospitals. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals - Services Centres Information
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals - Community Services Division
- Chinese Temples Committee website
- Introduction to 1444 Historic Buildings, p.104
- Brief Information on Proposed Grade III Items, p.794
- Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Annual Report 2007-2008, p.209
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