Tung Ying-chieh

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Dong.
董英杰
Tung Ying-chieh
DYJ Commencement of Taiji.jpg
Dong Yingjie performing "Commencement of Taijiquan" from his book
Born (1898-11-08)8 November 1898
Hebei, China
Died 1961 (aged 62–63)
Fuzhou, Fujian, China
Nationality Chinese
Style Yang-style taijiquan
Notable students Dong Huling
Website Dong Tai Chi home page
Tung Ying-chieh
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Tung Ying-chieh or Dong Yingjie (8 November 1898 – 1961) was an influential teacher of t'ai chi ch'uan. He was born in Hebei, China. A senior student of Yang Chengfu (1883–1936), he originally studied Wu (Hao)-style t'ai chi ch'uan as a young man. Tung also studied with Chengfu's older brother Yang Shao-hou (1862–1930) and was the founder of Dong Tai Chi. In Shao-hou's classes he was an older classmate of the Wu-style's Wu Kung-i (1900–1970) and Wu Kung-tsao (1902–1983), and the men remained close colleagues in later years. Following the trend of many famous t'ai chi masters who moved south during the War years, Tung moved to Hong Kong in 1949 and taught Yang style there. The Dong (Tung) style as it eventually developed included training features researched by Tung Ying-chieh, both with Yang Chengfu and independently.

He wrote a book called "T'ai chi ch'uan Explained" or "Principles of T'ai chi ch'uan" (T'ai chi ch'uan Shih I, 太極拳釋義) which has recently been translated from Chinese into English. First published in 1948, it has been reprinted (notably in Hong Kong in 1975) and updated continuously since its first publication.

Tung Ying-chieh was followed by son Dong Huling (董虎岭) who is followed by Tung Kai Ying and Dong Zeng Chen. The members of the Tung family teach t'ai chi ch'uan in Asia, Hawaii, North America and Europe.

T'ai chi ch'uan lineage tree with Yang-style focus[edit]

Note:

  • This lineage tree is not comprehensive, but depicts those considered the 'gate-keepers' & most recognised individuals in each generation of Yang-style.
  • Although many styles were passed down to respective descendants of the same family, the lineage focused on is that of the Yang style & not necessarily that of the family.


Key: NEIJIA
Solid lines Direct teacher-student.
Dot lines Partial influence
/taught informally
/limited time.
TAIJIQUAN
Dash lines Individual(s) omitted.
Dash cross Branch continues. CHEN-STYLE Zhaobao-style
(陈长兴)
Chen Changxing
1771–1853
6th gen. Chen
Chen Old Frame
(杨露禅)
Yang Luchan
1799–1872
YANG-STYLE
Guang Ping Yang
Yangjia Michuan
(王蘭亭)
Wang Lanting
1840–?
2nd gen. Yang
(杨健侯)
Yang Jianhou
1839–1917
2nd gen. Yang
2nd gen. Yangjia Michuan
(杨班侯)
Yang Banhou
1837–1892
2nd gen. Yang
2nd gen.
Guang Ping Yang
Yang Small Frame
(武禹襄)
Wu Yuxiang
1812–1880
WU (HAO)-STYLE
Zhaobao He-style
(李瑞东)
Li Ruidong
1851–1917
Li-style
(杨少侯)
Yang Shaohou
1862–1930
3rd gen. Yang
Yang Small Frame
(吴全佑)
Wu Quanyou
1834–1902
1st gen. Wu
(王矯宇)
Wang Jaioyu
1836–1939
3rd gen.
Guang Ping Yang
(杨澄甫)
Yang Chengfu
1883–1936
3rd gen. Yang
Yang Big Frame
(田兆麟)
Tian Zhaolin
1891–1960
3rd gen. Yang
Qi Gechen (吴鉴泉)
Wu Jianquan
1870–1942
2nd gen. Wu
WU-STYLE
108 Form
Kuo Lien Ying
1895–1984
4th gen.
Guang Ping Yang
(孙禄堂)
Sun Lutang
1861–1932
SUN-STYLE
(褚桂亭)
Chu Guiting
1892–1977
4th gen. Yang
Beijing form
(傅仲文)
Fu Zhongwen
1903–1994
4th gen. Yang
Beijing form
(董英杰)
Dong Yingjie
1891–1960
4th gen. Yang
(郑曼青)
Zheng Manqing
1902–1975
4th gen. Yang
Short (37) Form
(陈微明)
Chen Weiming
1881–1958
(杨振铎)
Yang Zhenduo
b.1926
4th gen. Yang
(杨振铭)
Yang Shouzhong
1910–1985
4th gen. Yang
(張欽霖)
Zhang Qinlin
1888–1967
3rd gen. Yangjia Michuan
(田英嘉)
Tian Yingjia
1931–2008
4th gen. Yang
Wudang-style (吴公儀)
Wu Gongyi
1900–1970
3rd gen. Wu
(吴公藻)
Wu Gongzao
1903–1983
3rd gen. Wu
Taiwan U.S.A
Robert W. Smith
1926–2011
(黃性賢)
Huang Xingxian
1910–1992
Benjamin Pang Jeng Lo
b.1927
William C. C. Chen
b.1935
Big Six
Tam Gibbs
Lou Kleinsmith
Ed Young
Mort Raphael
Maggie Newman
Stanley Israel
Little Seven
Victor Chin
Y. Y. Chin
Jon Gaines
Natasha Gorky
Fred Lehrman
Wolfe Lowenthal
Ken VanSickle
(杨军)
Yang Jun
b.1968
5th gen. Yang
Ip Tai Tak
1929–2004
5th gen. Yang
(王延年)
Wang Yennien
1914–2008
4th gen. Yangjia Michuan
(田邴原)
Tian Bingyuan
b.?
5th gen. Yang
Yao Guoqing
b.?
5th gen. Yang
CHEN-STYLE YANG-STYLE WU-STYLE WU (HAO)-STYLE SUN-STYLE

External links[edit]