Tupungato

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Tupungato
Mount Tupungato.jpg
Aerial view of Tupungato volcano from Argentina.
Elevation 6,570 m (21,555 ft)[A]
Prominence 2,765 m (9,072 ft)[1]
Listing Ultra
Location
Tupungato is located in Argentina
Tupungato
Tupungato
Location on the Argentina–Chile border
Location Mendoza Province, ArgentinaMetropolitan Region, Chile
Range Andes
Coordinates 33°21′30″S 69°46′12″W / 33.35833°S 69.77000°W / -33.35833; -69.77000Coordinates: 33°21′30″S 69°46′12″W / 33.35833°S 69.77000°W / -33.35833; -69.77000[1]
Geology
Type Stratovolcano
Age of rock Pleistocene
Volcanic arc/belt South Volcanic Zone
Last eruption 1987
Climbing
First ascent 1897 by Matthias Zurbriggen and Stuart Vines

Tupungato, one of the highest mountains in the Americas, is a massive Andean stratovolcano dating to Pleistocene times. It lies on the border between the Chilean Metropolitan Region (near a major international highway about 80 km (50 mi) east of Santiago) and the Argentine province of Mendoza, about 100 km (62 mi) south of Aconcagua, the highest peak of both the Southern and Western Hemispheres. Immediately to its southwest is the active Tupungatito volcano, which last erupted in 1987.

The mountain gives its name to the Tupungato Department, an important Argentine wine producing region in the Mendoza province.

1947 plane crash[edit]

On August 2, 1947, the airliner Star Dust, an Avro Lancastrian carrying six passengers and five crew over the Andes range, crashed into a steep glacier high on the Argentine side of Tupungato. The plane was quickly buried in the resulting avalanche and heavy snowfall that was taking place at the time. The plane lay undetected deep beneath the snow and glacial ice for over 50 years, before its remnants finally re-emerged at the glacier terminus in 2000. Shortly thereafter, an Argentine army expedition discovered the scattered debris and wreckage, collecting some of the evidence for investigation.

Aerial view of Tupungato (center-left) and Tupungatito.
Tupungato volcano seen from Punta de Vacas, Argentina.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The given elevation of 6,570 m (21,560 ft) comes from Chilean 1:50.000 topographic mapping and is in accordance with SRTM data; the frequently given elevation of 6,800 m (22,300 ft) is incorrect

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