Turóc County

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Turóc County
Comitatus
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
15th century–1920

Coat of arms of Turóc

Coat of arms

Location of Turóc
Capital Turócszentmárton (Turčiansky Svätý Martin)
49°4′N 18°55′E / 49.067°N 18.917°E / 49.067; 18.917Coordinates: 49°4′N 18°55′E / 49.067°N 18.917°E / 49.067; 18.917
History
 -  Established 15th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 -  1910 1,123 km2 (434 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 55,700 
Density 49.6 /km2  (128.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia
Martin is the current name of the capital

Turóc (Hungarian, historically also spelled Túrócz), Slovak: Turiec, Latin: Thurotzium/comitatus Thurociensis, German: Turz) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in north-western Slovakia, where the corresponding Slovakian name Turiec is only an informal designation of the corresponding territory.

Geography[edit]

Turóc county shared borders with the counties of Nyitra (Nitra), Trencsén (Trenčín), Árva (Orava), Liptó (Liptov), Zólyom (Zvolen) and Bars (Tekov). Situated between the Malá Fatra and Veľká Fatra Mountains. The river Turiec flowed through the county. Its area was 1123 km² around 1910.

Capitals[edit]

The capitals of the Turóc county were the Sklabiňa Castle and Martin (name until 1950: Turčiansky Svätý Martin); from 1772 only Martin was the capital.

History[edit]

Coat of Arms of Turóc

Turóc county as a Hungarian comitatus arose before the 15th century. In the aftermath of World War I, the area of the now defunct Turóc county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon. The territory of the county is now part of Slovakia.

Contemporary map of Turóc county

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 51,956 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 55,703 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Turiec county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Stubnyafürdő Stubnyafürdő, SK Turčianske Teplice
Turócszentmárton Turócszentmárton, SK Martin

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.