Tura, Meghalaya

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Tura
city
Tura is located in Meghalaya
Tura
Tura
Location in Meghalaya, India
Coordinates: 25°31′N 90°13′E / 25.52°N 90.22°E / 25.52; 90.22Coordinates: 25°31′N 90°13′E / 25.52°N 90.22°E / 25.52; 90.22
Country  India
State Meghalaya
District West Garo Hills
Elevation 349 m (1,145 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 58,391
Languages
 • Official English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 03651

Tura (IPA: ˈtʊərə) is a hilly town and a municipality in West Garo Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. One of the largest towns in Meghalaya, Tura is a valley located at the foothills of the Tura Hills and right below the Tura Peak. The climate in Tura is moderate throughout the year and has a large number of interesting and unexplored areas. The native god Durama was believed to reside in the hills. The name Tura is said to be a corruption (by the British) of the god's name.

It is 220 kilometres from the nearest city Guwahati and is also the district capital of the West Garo Hills district. It is filled with small rivulets and green valleys all around. The principal languages are Garo, Hajong, Koch, Bengali, Nepali, Hindi and English. The city has 4 colleges and a host of good secondary schools. In 1973, the town was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tura.

The capital city of Shillong is 323 kilometres away and can be accessed via buses or the shuttle helicopter service. The border of Bangladesh Dalu, is situated at a proximity of 50 kilometres.

Tura is a cultural and administrative centre of the Garo tribes. To visit popular tourist destinations such as Balpakram, Nokrek and Siju cave, one needs to pass through this town.

There are many water falls and lot of streams in Tura. Some of the water falls are Rongbangdare, Pelgadare, Gandrak Falls etc. Some of the streams are Rangolwari, Nokmawari, Ganol, Datchima etc.

Geography[edit]

Tura is located at 25°31′N 90°13′E / 25.52°N 90.22°E / 25.52; 90.22.[1] It has an average elevation of 349 metres (1145 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Tura had a population of 58,391. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Tura has an average literacy rate of 7%, higher than the national average of 5%: male literacy is 7%, and female literacy is 70%. In Tura, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Connectivity[edit]

Tura is situated in the western part of meghalaya which is quite close to the National Border of Bangladesh. Main mode of transport is by road, there are no railways or any scheduled flights from Tura airport. From Guwahati, it is 221 km, through the National Highway 51. Day time Sumo and overnight bus services are available form Guwahati. There is a 3-days-a-week helicopter service available from Guwahati and Shillong, run by Pawan Hans.

Society[edit]

Main Residents of Tura are the Garo tribe (Native People). Next comes the Bengalis, Nepalis, Hajongs, Koches, Assameses and other ethnicities. Christianity is the main religion, more than 90% of the Garos are Baptist. The Garos have a matrilineal and matrilocal society.

Schools & Colleges[edit]

Schools[edit]

1. Tura Public School

2. Kendriya Vidyalaya Tura

3. Sherwood School

4. Aerroivle Sec. School

5. Don Bosco Secondary School

6. St.Mary Higher Secondary School

7. St. Xavier's Secondary School

8. Christian Girls' Higher Secondary School

9. Christian Boys' Secondary School

10. Government Boys Higher Secondary School

11. Government Girls' Higher Secondary School

12. Mothers' Union Secondary School

13. Little Flower Secondary School

14. Hawakhana Deficit Higher Secondary School

15. Goudiya Math Vidyapeet

16. New Horizon Secondary School

17. Mt. Sinai Secondary School

18. Tura Town Higher Secondary School

19. Pechon A. Sangma Memorial Police Public School

20. Tura Hindi Secondary School

21. Gorkha Secondary School

22. Nivedita Girls Secondary School

23. L.G.B.Secondary School

24. Akhongre Secondary School

25. Burney Hill Secondary School

26. New Tura Secondary School

27. Hill view Higher Secondary School

28. Montfort Centre for Education

Colleges[edit]

1. Tura Govt.College ( The oldest college of Garo Hills)

2. Don Bosco College

3. Durama College

4. Tura Polytechnic

5. Tura College of Information Technology.

6. Tura ICFAI College

7. College of Teacher Education

8. College of Home Science (under Central Agricultural University, Imphal)

9. Harding Theological College

10. Martin Luther University, Tura Campus

11. Tura Law College

12. Tura United Christian Academy

Central Institutes[edit]

1. Regional Vocational Training Institute

2. North Eastern Hill University, Tura Campus

Food and Drinks[edit]

There are many varieties of food available, the common one is the traditional Garo food. Traditional Garo food includes boiled rice, different preparations of Pork, beef, chicken and dry fish. Some of the delicacies of Garo Food are Nakam Bitchi (it is dry fish made with chillies and soda), Wak Pura (it is Pork cooked with crushed rice, Kappa (meat fried with soda and boiled with fresh garden spices).The common delicacies are Rice cakes called sakhin (made with locally grown sticky rice and sesame seed)and minel pitha (made with crushed sticky rice and jaggery. There are many variety of locally made alcoholic drinks. Minil bitchi (made of fermented sticky rice) is one of the most common drink.

Annual Celebrations[edit]

1. Wangala : It is a traditional Garo dance; celebrated after harvesting. Wangala is best showcased at the 100 Drums festival which takes place annually, 30 km away from Tura in a place called, Asanang. The men and women are dressed in traditional attire and they dance to beat of the 100 drums.

2. Christmas : It is celebrated in a grand and extravagant way. The party spirit pervades throughout starts from Christmas and continues even after the New Year celebration. So, the entire celebration last for more than a week. The occasion is filled with carol songs, dinner parties, social gatherings and many more events. In short, a week long of Merry making.

3. Durga Puja : Durga Puja, though basically a Bengalee religious festival, is celebrated by all the Hindus of Tura. It is the biggest and greatest socio-cultural and religious festival celebrated in Tura. Durga Puja is usually celebrated in between the last week of September and the 1st week of October and is celebrated in a grand way with pomp and gaiety. Fancy and magnificent clay idols of Goddess Durga with colourfully decorated pandals are the major attraction of this festival. In 2013, Durga Puja was celebrated by 21 puja committees across the length and bredth of Tura town. Thousands of devotees throng the puja pandals for three consecutive days. On the fourth day, i.e., the day of dussera all the idols are paraded together to the bisarjan ghat in Babupara. Such a colorful parade of trucks carrying the idols of the various pandals is a rare scene.

Other annual celebrations like Chhat Puja, Holi and Diwali are also celebrated every year with the same enthusiasm and love.

Media and communications[edit]

All India Radio has a local station in Tura which transmits various programs of mass interest.

References[edit]

External links[edit]