Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest

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Turkey
Flag
Member station TRT
National selection events Internal selection (2003, 2006–2012)
Eurovizyon Şarkı Seçmeleri (1975–2002, 2004, 2005)
Appearances
Appearances 34 (33 finals)
First appearance 1975
Last appearance 2012
Best result 1st: 2003
Worst result Last: 1975, 1983, 1987
External links
TRT's Eurovision page
Turkey's page at Eurovision.tv

Turkey participated in the Eurovision Song Contest for the first time in 1975, represented by Semiha Yankı performing "Seninle Bir Dakika", but did not achieve any considerable success until the late 1990s. They withdrew from the 1979 contest in Jerusalem, a major disappointment for the selected performers Maria Rita Epik & 21 Peron, who would have performed the song "Seviyorum".

Since the introduction of the free language rule as well as televoting (in 1999 and 1997, respectively), Turkish entries have enjoyed much more success than in previous years. In 1997, Turkey finished 3rd with the song "Dinle" by Şebnem Paker. In 2003, Turkey won for the first time with "Everyway That I Can" by Sertab Erener, narrowly beating Belgium by two points. In 2004, the home entry in Istanbul, "For Real" by Athena, placed 4th. In 2007, "Shake It Up Şekerim" by Kenan Doğulu finished 4th as well. In 2008, the band Mor ve Ötesi ended 7th in the final. In 2009, Hadise achieved another impressive result for Turkey, obtaining a 4th position. In 2010, the nu metal band maNga obtained the second best placing ever for their homeland, winning the second semifinal and placing 2nd in the final. In 2011 Turkey was represented by pop-rock band, Yüksek Sadakat. In that year it was the first time that they did not qualify for the final. After a one year break, in 2012, Turkey made it to the final again and reached 7th position with Can Bonomo. Turkey announced on 14 December 2012 that they would not attend the 2013 competition in Malmö citing dissatisfaction with the rules of the competition.[1] In September 2013, Turkey's state broadcaster stated a return is unlikely for the 2014 competition, citing the same reasons.[2] The non-participation at ESC 2014 was confirmed on 7 November 2013.[3]

On 14 February 2014, it was reported that Turkey would return to the contest in 2015.[4][5]

Contestants[edit]

Table key

     Winner
     Second place
     Third place
     Last place
     Automatically qualified to the final
     Did not qualify for the final
     Did not compete or was relegated
Year Artist Language Title Final Points Semi Points
1975 Semiha Yankı Turkish "Seninle Bir Dakika" 19 3
No Semi-Finals
1976
Did Not Compete
1977
1978 Nilüfer and Nazar Turkish "Sevince" 18 2
1979
Did Not Compete
1980 Ajda Pekkan Turkish "Petrol" 15 23
1981 Modern Folk Trio and Ayşegül Turkish "Dönme Dolap" 18 9
1982 Neco Turkish "Hani?" 15 20
1983 Çetin Alp and The Short Waves Turkish "Opera" 19 0
1984 Beş Yıl Önce, On Yıl Sonra Turkish "Halay" 12 37
1985 MFÖ Turkish "Diday diday day" 14 36
1986 Klips ve Onlar Turkish "Halley" 9 53
1987 Seyyal Taner and Lokomotif Turkish "Şarkım Sevgi Üstüne" 22 0
1988 MFÖ Turkish "Sufi" 15 37
1989 Pan Turkish "Bana Bana" 21 5
1990 Kayahan Turkish "Gözlerinin Hapsindeyim" 17 21
1991 İzel, Reyhan and Can Turkish "İki Dakika" 12 44
1992 Aylin Vatankoş Turkish "Yaz Bitti" 19 17
1993 Burak Aydos Turkish "Esmer Yarim" 21 10
Participated Previous Year
1994
Relegation from Participating
No Semi-Finals
1995 Arzu Ece Turkish "Sev" 16 21
1996 Şebnem Paker Turkish "Beşinci Mevsim" 12 57 7 69
1997 Şebnem Paker and Etnik Turkish "Dinle" 3 121
No Semi-Finals
1998 Tüzmen Turkish "Unutamazsın" 14 25
1999 Tuba Önal Turkish "Dön Artık" 16 21
2000 Pınar Ayhan and The SOS Turkish, English "Yorgunum Anla" 10 59
2001 Sedat Yüce Turkish, English "Sevgiliye Son" 11 45
2002 Buket Bengisu and Safir Turkish, English "Leylaklar Soldu Kalbinde" 16 29
2003 Sertab Erener English "Everyway That I Can" 1 167
2004 Athena English "For Real" 4 195
Reigning Champion
2005 Gülseren Turkish "Rimi Rimi Ley" 13 92
Top 12 Previous Year
2006 Sibel Tüzün Turkish, English "Süperstar" 11 91 8 91
2007 Kenan Doğulu English "Shake It Up Şekerim" 4 163 3 197
2008 Mor ve Ötesi Turkish "Deli" 7 138 7 85
2009 Hadise English "Düm Tek Tek" 4 177 2 172
2010 maNga English "We Could Be The Same" 2 170 1 118
2011 Yüksek Sadakat English "Live It Up"
Failed to qualify
13 47
2012 Can Bonomo English "Love Me Back" 7 112 5 80
  • NOTE: If a country had won the previous year, they did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. In addition, back in 2004-2007, the top ten countries who were not members of the big four did not have to compete in the semi finals the following year. If, for example, Germany and France placed inside the top ten, the countries who placed 11th and 12th were advanced to the following year's grand final along with the rest of the top ten countries.

Voting history[edit]

As of 2012, Turkey's voting history is as follows:

12 Points[edit]

Table key

     Winner – Turkey gave 12 points to a winning song / Turkey won the contest.
     Second place – Turkey gave 12 points to a runner-up song / Turkey was runner-up in the contest.
     Third place – Turkey gave 12 points to a third place song / Turkey came third place in the contest.
     Qualified – Turkey gave 12 points to a song that qualified to the Grand Finals / Turkey qualified to the Grand Finals.
     Non-qualified – Turkey gave 12 points to a song that did not qualify to the Grand Finals / Turkey did not qualify to the Grand Finals.
Year Given Received
Final Semi Final Semi
1975  Portugal No semi-finals
None
No semi-finals
1976 Did not participate Did not participate
1977 Did not participate Did not participate
1978  Israel
None
1979 Did not participate Did not participate
1980  Netherlands  Morocco
1981  Germany
None
1982  Germany
None
1983  Yugoslavia
None
1984  Spain
None
1985  Spain   Switzerland
1986  Belgium  Yugoslavia
1987  Yugoslavia
None
1988  United Kingdom
None
1989  Yugoslavia
None
1990  Yugoslavia
None
1991  Israel
None
1992  Ireland
None
1993  Bosnia and Herzegovina None1
None
Did not Participate
1994 Did not participate No semi-finals Did not participate No semi-finals
1995  Norway
None
1996  Ireland Unknown2
None
Unknown2
1997  Malta No semi-finals  Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Germany
 Spain
No semi-finals
1998  United Kingdom  Germany
1999  Germany  Germany
2000  Sweden  France
 Netherlands
2001  Estonia
None
2002  Austria
None
2003  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Austria
 Belgium
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Netherlands
2004  Ukraine  Greece  Belgium
 Germany
 France
 Netherlands
Did not Participate
2005  Greece  Moldova  France
 Netherlands
Did not Participate
2006  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Bosnia and Herzegovina  France
 Germany
 Netherlands
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
2007  Armenia  Bulgaria  Belgium
 France
 Germany
 Netherlands
 United Kingdom
 Albania
 Belgium
 France
 Germany
 Netherlands
 United Kingdom
2008  Azerbaijan  Ukraine  Albania  Azerbaijan
2009  Azerbaijan  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Azerbaijan
 Belgium
 France
 Macedonia
  Switzerland
 United Kingdom
 Belgium
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Bulgaria
 Germany
 Macedonia
 Romania
  Switzerland
 United Kingdom
2010  Azerbaijan  Azerbaijan  Azerbaijan
 Croatia
 France
 Azerbaijan
 Bulgaria
2011  Azerbaijan  Azerbaijan Did not Qualify  Albania
 Azerbaijan
2012  Azerbaijan  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Azerbaijan  Malta
2013 Did not participate
2014

1 Turkey was illegible to vote at the 1993 pre-qualifying round, as voting was restricted to countries taking part in the pre-qualifying round.
2 The voting for the 1996 pre-qualifying round is unknown to date.

Hostings[edit]

Year Location Venue Presenters
2004 Turkey Istanbul Abdi İpekçi Arena Korhan Abay and Meltem Cumbul

Marcel Bezençon Awards[edit]

Press Award

Year Song Performer Final Result Points Host city
2003 "Everyway That I Can" Sertab Erener 1st 167 Riga

Commentators and spokespersons[edit]

Prior to 2012 every contest Turkey had taken part in had always been commentated on by Turkish television presenter Bülend Özveren, with the exception of 1982–1985, 1990–1991, 1998–2001 and 2007. In addition Özveren also co-commentated the contest in 1979, 2004, 2011 and 2012. Out of the 38 years Turkey have broadcast the event Özveren has commentated on 29 of them making him 9 years short of being the Contest's longest commentator.

Year(s) Commentator Spokesperson
1973 Bülend Özveren Turkey did not participate
1974
1975 Bülent Osma
1976 Turkey did not participate
1977
1978 Meral Savcı
1979 Turkey did not participate
1980 Başak Doğru
1981
1982 Ümit Tunçağ
1983 Başak Doğru Fatih Orbay
1984
1985
1986 Gülgün Feyman Ümit Tunçağ
1987 Canan Kumbasar
1988 Bülend Özveren
1989
1990 Başak Doğru Korhan Abay
1991 Canan Kumbasar
1992 Bülend Özveren Korhan Abay
1993 Ömer Önder
1994 Turkey did not participate
1995 Ömer Önder
1996
1997
1998 Ömer Önder Osman Erkan
1999 Gülşah Banda
2000 Ömer Önder
2001 Meltem Ersan Yazgan
2002 Bülend Özveren
2003
2004 Didem Tolunay and Bülend Özveren
2005 Bülend Özveren
2006
2007 Hakan Urgancı
2008 Bülend Özveren
2009
2010
2011 Bülend Özveren and Erhan Konuk Ömer Önder
2012
2013 No television broadcast Turkey did not participate
2014 TBA

Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest[edit]

Artist Title Place Points Year Place Points
Sertab Erener "Everyway That I Can" 9 104 2003 1 167

Photogallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jiandani, Sanjay (14 December 2012). "Turkey will not go to Eurovision in Malmö". ESCToday. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  2. ^ N., Danny (14 September 2013). "Turkey: ‘No plans to return’ under current system". escXtra. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Jiandani, Sanjay (7 November 2013). "Turkey: TRT will not participate in Eurovision 2014". ESCToday. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "GELECEK SENE EUROVISION'A KATILACAGIZ". turesc.net (Turkish). Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "TURKEY TO RETURN IN EUROVISION 2015". oikotimes. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 

External links[edit]