Turkey national football team
|Nickname(s)||Ay Yıldızlılar (The Crescent-Stars)
Milli Takım (National Team)
The Comeback Kings
|Association||Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu (TFF)|
|Head coach||Fatih Terim|
|Asst coach||Hamza Hamzaoğlu|
|Most caps||Rüştü Reçber (120)|
|Top scorer||Hakan Şükür (51)|
|FIFA ranking||32 3 (17 July 2014)|
|Highest FIFA ranking||5 (June 2004)|
|Lowest FIFA ranking||67 (October 1993)|
|Elo ranking||28 (9 July 2014)|
|Highest Elo ranking||9 (November 2002)|
|Lowest Elo ranking||82 (November 1985)|
| Turkey 2–2 Romania
(Istanbul, Turkey; October 26, 1923)
South Korea 0–7 Turkey
(Geneva, Switzerland; June 20, 1954)
Turkey 7–0 San Marino
(Istanbul, Turkey; 10 November 1996)
| Poland 8–0 Turkey
(Chorzów, Poland; April 24, 1968)
Turkey 0–8 England
(Istanbul, Turkey; 14 November 1984)
England 8–0 Turkey
(London, England; 14 October 1987)
|Appearances||2 (First in 1954)|
|Best result||Third place, 2002|
|Appearances||3 (First in 1996)|
|Best result||Semi-finals, 2008|
|Appearances||1 (First in 2003)|
|Best result||Third place, 2003|
The Turkey national football team (Turkish: Türkiye Millî Futbol Takımı) represents Turkey in association football and is controlled by the Turkish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Turkey. They are affiliated with UEFA.
Turkey has qualified three times for the World Cup finals, in 1950, 1954, and 2002, although they withdrew from the 1950 event. Turkey has also qualified three times for the UEFA European Championship, in 1996, 2000 and 2008. They have reached the semi-finals of three major tournaments: the 2002 World Cup, the 2003 Confederations Cup, and Euro 2008.
- 1 History
- 2 Fixtures
- 3 Squad
- 4 Previous squads
- 5 Competitive record
- 6 Honours
- 7 Player history
- 8 Past managers
- 9 Decoration
- 10 Kit History
- 11 Gallery
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The Turkish national team played their first ever match against Romania in 1923 drawing 2–2. Turkey played their first ever official match at the 1924 Summer Olympics losing 5-2 to Czechoslovakia. Although Turkey qualified for the 1950 World Cup, beating Syria 7–0, they had to withdraw due to financial problems. Turkey then qualified for the 1954 World Cup after a play-off with Spain. The Turkish team first lost 4–1 to Spain, but a 1–0 win a few days later initiated a replay. On that occasion, they tied 2–2 after, booking their place after a coin toss. Turkey was put in a group along with Hungary and West Germany. The Turks, however, never played Hungary due to the tournament format, and a 4–1 defeat by the Germans was followed by Turkey carrying out a 7–0 win over South Korea. Turkey lost the play-off to West Germany 7–2. In 1956 Turkey did however play Hungary, in a friendly match in Istanbul, beating what was one of the strongest teams of the era 3–1.
Despite the introduction of a national league, and showings by Turkish clubs in European competition, the 1960s would be a barren time for the national team. The 1970s saw Turkey holding back in the World Cup and European Championship qualifiers, but the team was a point too short to qualify for Euro 1972 and Euro 1976. The Turkish team also suffered their worst defeats with 8–0 scorelines against Poland and twice against England. Yet the 1990 World Cup qualifiers would mark a turning point for Turkish football, with Turkey only missing out on qualification in the final game.
Turkey qualified for Euro 1996, beating both Switzerland and Sweden 2–1 along the way. At Euro 1996, they lost all their matches without scoring a single goal. They did, however, go home with an award: the fair-play award, given to Alpay Özalan. Turkey qualified for Euro 2000 after winning a play-off against Ireland. Turkey lost their first match 2–1 to Italy, they drew their second match against Sweden 0–0, and beat host nation Belgium 2–0, making it the first time in the history of the European Championship that a host nation had been eliminated in the first round, brought Turkey into the last eight of the tournament where they were beaten 2–0 by Portugal.
For the 2002 FIFA World Cup Turkey finished second in their qualifying group, despite starting well and being the favourites to top the group. They lost 2–1 to Sweden in the crucial match that would decide the top spot. The Turks were forced to play the play-offs against Austria. They defeated the Austrians 6–0 on aggregate and booked their place at the finals. The Turkish team started the 2002 World Cup with a 2–1 defeat against eventual winners Brazil. Turkey qualified from the group stage with a 3–0 win against China, after drawing 1–1 with Costa Rica.
Turkey then faced home team Japan in the second round, beating them 1–0. The Turkish team continued their run, as they beat Senegal 1–0 on a golden goal to book their place in the semi-finals where a 1–0 defeat against eventual tournament winners Brazil forced them to play the third place match, and a bronze medal was won after a 3–2 victory over the South Korean team. Hakan Şükür scored Turkey's first goal in 10.8 seconds, even when the South Koreans kicked off first. It was the fastest goal in World Cup history. Tens of thousands of flag-waving Turkish fans greeted the World Cup squad on their return to Istanbul, were they joined a massive street party at Taksim Square.
In the summer of 2003, Turkey reached third place at the 2003 Confederations Cup. In the group stages, they drew 2–2 against Brazil, eliminating them from the tournament. Turkey lost to eventual tournament winners France 3–2 in the semi-final match. Turkey then defeated Colombia 2–1 to win the bronze medal. The Turkish team failed to qualify for Euro 2004 on play-offs due to a loss to Latvia after finishing second in their group.
The Turkish team once again narrowly missed out on the World Cup finals after failing to win a play-off, this time on away goals against Switzerland, again after finishing second in their group. There were scenes of violence after the game on and off the pitch where the Turkish team brawled with Swiss players down the tunnel.
Turkey qualified for their first international tournament in six years by finishing second behind Greece in UEFA Euro 2008 qualifying Group C to reach the European Championships. They were placed alongside Switzerland, Portugal, and the Czech Republic in Group A. In their first match, they played Portugal and were beaten 2–0, but wins over Switzerland (2–1) and Czech Republic (3–2) – both secured by late goals – brought qualification for the knockout stages. Again, Turkey knocked out a host nation – Switzerland – in the group stages for the second time.
The quarter-final against Croatia was goalless after 90 minutes, and Croatia led 1–0 in the final minute of extra time, but another late Turkish goal by forward Semih Şentürk brought the game to penalties. The goal raised some controversy with Croatia fans and Croatia's coach, Slaven Bilić, who claimed that the goal had been scored after extra time had elapsed. This complaint, however, was overruled, and the game went into penalties. Turkey beat out Croatia in penalties 3–1.
They went into the semi-final against Germany with just 14 outfield players available as a result of injuries and suspensions, but scored first and were drawing 2–2 in the last minute of the match, until Germany scored a third goal in the last few seconds and Turkey was thus eliminated. Both Russia and Turkey were given bronze medals in the dressing rooms after the semi-finals.
For the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifiers Turkey had a mixed qualifying campaign, finishing with 15 points and missing out on a play-off place to Bosnia and Herzegovina with 19 points. Spain won Group 5 to qualify, winning every game in the process. Coach Fatih Terim announced he would be resigning his post following their failure to qualify.
On 14 November 2012, Turkey national team celebrated their 500th match of the 89 year history in a friendly game played against Denmark at the Türk Telekom Arena in Istanbul that ended by a 1:1 draw. Before the match, footballers and coaches, who contributed to the national team's success in the past, were honored. Turkish pop singer Hadise, who wore a national team jersey with the number 500, gave a mini concert.
|Friendly 21 May 2014||Kosovo||1 – 6||Turkey||Mitrovica, Kosovo|
|16:00 GMT||Bunjaku 35'||Özek 2'
Pektemek 54', 71'
Potuk 86' (pen.)
|Stadium: Olympic Stadium Adem Jashari
Referee: Bardhyl Pashaj (Albania)
|Friendly 25 May 2014||Republic of Ireland||1 – 2||Turkey||Dublin, Ireland|
|Jonathan Walters 78'||Özek 17'
|Stadium: Aviva Stadium
|Friendly 29 May 2014||Honduras||0 – 2||Turkey||Washington, United States|
|Stadium: Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium
Referee: Roberto García Orozco (Mexico)
|Friendly 1 June 2014||United States||2 – 1||Turkey||Harrison, United States|
|14:00 ET||Johnson 26'
|İnan 90' (pen.)||Stadium: Red Bull Arena
Referee: Slim Jedidi (Tunisia)
|Head Coach||Fatih Terim|
|Assistant Coach||Hamza Hamzaoğlu|
|Fitness Coach||Julen Masach|
|Goalkeeping Coach||Alper Boğuşlu|
|National Team Manager||Mustafa Eröğüt|
|Team Doctor||Sarper Çetinkaya|
The following players were called up to the squad for the Friendlies matches against Republic of Ireland on 25 May, Honduras on 29 May, and United States on 1 June 2014.
Caps and goals updated as 1 June 2014.
FIFA World Cup squads
FIFA Confederations Cup squads
UEFA European Football Championship squads
Main article: Turkey at the FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
UEFA European Championship
|Olympic Games Record|
|1964||Did Not Qualify|
|1988||Did Not Qualify|
FIFA Confederations Cup
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||Did Not Qualify|
|2005||Did Not Qualify|
Third place (1): 2002
Third place (1): 2003
Semi-finals (1): 2008
Most capped players
Players in bold are still active.
Goalscorers with an equal number of goals are ranked in chronological order of reaching the milestone. Bold indicates still active players.
|7||Zeki Rıza Sporel||1923–1932||
- As of 17 July 2014
|Manager||Career Start||Career End||Played||Won||Drawn||Lost||Goals For||Goals Against||Win %|
|Piontek, SeppSepp Piontek||27/5/1990||28/4/1993||27||4||8||15||22||50||14.8|
|Terim, FatihFatih Terim||27/10/1993||19/6/1996||33||17||8||8||47||36||51.5|
|Denizli, MustafaMustafa Denizli||14/8/1996||24/6/2000||31||11||9||11||45||38||35.5|
|Güneş, ŞenolŞenol Güneş||16/8/2000||18/2/2004||50||23||13||14||72||50||46.0|
|Karaman, ÜnalÜnal Karaman||31/3/2004||31/3/2004||1||0||1||0||2||2||00.0|
|Yanal, ErsunErsun Yanal||28/4/2004||8/6/2005||15||8||4||3||29||14||53.3|
|Terim, FatihFatih Terim||17/8/2005||14/10/2009||58||26||18||14||86||71||39.7|
|Çetin, OğuzOğuz Çetin||3/3/2010||29/5/2010||4||3||0||1||7||3||75.0|
|Hiddink, GuusGuus Hiddink||1/8/2010||15/11/2011||16||7||4||5||18||15||43.7|
|Avcı, AbdullahAbdullah Avcı||17/11/2011||20/08/2013||18||6||4||8||26||26||33.3|
|Terim, FatihFatih Terim||22/08/2013||11||9||0||2||22||7||81.8|
In 2002, the national team was honored with the Turkish "State Medal of Distinguished Service" for its third place achievement at the 2002 FIFA World Cup. All the team members, coaches and officials were bestowed by a medal.
The Turkey's official kit suppiler is currently produced by Nike, Inc since 2003. It is all-red with white details to reflect the colours of the Turkish national flag. Before that briefly the former kit suppiler were German company Adidas (1925-2003).
Arda Turan is the current captain of the national team.
Hakan Şükür played for Turkey between 1992 and 2007.
Rüştü Reçber is the most capped player in the history of the national team.
Fatih Terim is the most successful manager in the history of the national team.
Sepp Piontek managed the national team between 1990 and 1993.
- Since the Republic was not formally declared by the time of the event, the game was played between Romania and TFF. The city also was not consistently known as Istanbul in the English speaking world until 1930
- Erdinç, Sivritepe. "Turkey 2-2 Romania". Turkey international football matches. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
- "Magical Magyars beating". Retrieved 2010-09-16.
- "Brazil beat brave Turks". BBC Sport. 2002-06-03. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Parks strike denies Turkey". BBC Sport. 2002-06-14. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Turkey reach last 16". BBC Sport. 2002-06-13. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Turkey end Japan's dream". BBC Sport. 2002-06-18. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Turkey's golden delight". BBC Sport. 2002-06-22. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Brazil stride into final". BBC Sport. 2002-06-26. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Turkey finish in style". BBC Sport. 2002-06-29. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- Fastest Goals in WC History
- "Turkey heroes return home". BBC Sport. 2002-07-01. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Portugal 2–0 Turkey". BBC Sport. 2008-06-07. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Switzerland 1–2 Turkey". BBC Sport. 2008-06-11. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Turkey 3–2 Czech R & Switzerland 2–0 Portugal". BBC Sport. 2008-06-15. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- FIFA.com – Turkey edge out Czechs in thriller
- "Croatia 1–1 Turkey (1–3 pens)". BBC Sport. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Germany 3–2 Turkey". BBC Sport. 2008-06-25. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Terim Resignation". Guardian Sport. 2008-06-07. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Turkey marks 500th match". Hürriyet Daily News. 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Er, İsmail (2012-11-15). "Türkiye 1-1 Danimarka". Hürriyet Spor (in Turkish). Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- "A Milli Takım'ın hazırlık kampı aday kadrosu ve programı açıklandı". Retrieved 2014-05-17.
- http://www.tff.org/default.aspx?pageID=471&ftxtID=13815 Turkey squad named for Croatia play-off] tff.org (English), accessed 8 November 2011
- http://www.tff.org/default.aspx?pageID=202&ftxtID=15185 A Milli Takım'ın yurt dışı hazırlık kampı aday kadrosu açıklandı] tff.org (Turkish)
- A Milli Futbol Takımımıza Devlet Üstün Hizmet Madalyası verilmesi töreni
- Turkish Football Federation website (English) (Turkish)