Turkeypox virus is a virus of the family Poxviridae and the genus Avipoxvirus that causes turkeypox. It is one of the most common diseases in the Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) population. Turkeypox, like all avipoxviruses, is transmitted either through skin contact or by arthropods (typically mosquitos) acting as mechanical vectors. Infection is more severe in 1-week-old poults than 10-week-old poults and co-infection with Plasmodium hermani increases the severity of symptoms in 1-week-old poults.
^ abWright, E. J.; Nayar, J. K.; Forrester, D. J. (2005). "Interactive effects of turkeypox virus and Plasmodium hermani on Turkey poults". Journal of Wildlife Diseases41 (1): 141–8. doi:10.7589/0090-3558-41.1.141. PMID15827220.