Turkish Basketball League

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Turkish Basketball League (TBL)
Current season, competition or edition:
2013–14 Turkish Basketball League
Bekotbl.jpg
TBL Logo
Sport Basketball
Founded 1966
Inaugural season 1966–67
No. of teams 16
Country  Turkey
Continent European Union FIBA Europe (Europe)
Most recent champion(s) Fenerbahçe (6th title)
Most titles Anadolu Efes (13 titles)
Related competitions Turkish Cup
Turkish President's Cup
Level on pyramid 1st tier
Relegation to TB2L
Official website www.TBL.org.tr

The Turkish Basketball League (TBL) is the pre-eminent professional men's basketball league in Turkey, which is also called Turkish Premier Basketball League (Turkish: Türkiye 1. Basketbol Ligi). There is also a Turkish Basketball Second League (TB2L) with 20 teams and, since 2011, a Turkish Basketball Third League (TB3L) with the teams divided in several groups.

History[edit]

The first basketball game played in Turkey was at the Robert College in Istanbul in 1904. Galatasaray High School formed the first basketball team in 1911. The next basketball team founded was of Fenerbahçe in 1913. An unofficial league was founded in 1927 in Istanbul, which lasted until the establishment of a regional official league in 1933. From 1946 on, basketball championships were organized between the leading clubs of Istanbul, Ankara and İzmir.

The League was founded in 1966 by the Turkish Basketball Federation, and began with the 1966–1967 season.

The competition[edit]

There are 16 teams in the league and they play against each other twice in the league manner, once at their home and the other away. At the end of the season, the top 8 teams are entitled to participate at the playoff games. The two top teams of the Second League are promoted to the Premier League. The two lowest placed teams of the Premier League play, respectively, with the third and fourth ranking teams of the Second League in a one game knock-out playoff. The winning top two teams are entitled to play in the Premier League, and the losing two others are relegated into the Second League.

Current clubs[edit]

Team City Arena Colour
Anadolu Efes İstanbul Abdi İpekçi Arena          
Bandırma Banvit Bandırma Kara Ali Acar Sport Hall          
Beşiktaş Integral Forex Istanbul BJK Akatlar Arena          
Darüşşafaka Doğuş Istanbul Ayhan Şahenk Arena          
Fenerbahçe Ülker Istanbul Ülker Sports Arena          
Galatasaray Liv Hospital Istanbul Abdi İpekçi Arena          
İstanbul BB Istanbul Cebeci Sports Hall          
Olin Edirne Edirne Mimar Sinan Sport Hall          
Pınar Karşıyaka İzmir Karşıyaka Arena          
Royal Halı Gaziantep Gaziantep Karataş Şahinbey Sport Hall          
Torku Selçuk Üniversitesi Konya Selçuk Üniversitesi Sport Hall          
Aykon TED Ankara Kolejliler Ankara TOBB Sport Hall          
Tofaş Bursa Bursa Atatürk Sport Hall          
Trabzonspor Trabzon Hayri Gür Arena          
Türk Telekom Ankara Ankara Arena          
Uşak Sportif Uşak Uşak Atatürk Sport Hall          

Finals[edit]

Season Champion Runner-up Result Finals MVP Champion's Coach
1966–67 Altınordu Galatasaray N/A N/A Turkey Samim Göreç
1967–68 İTÜ Fenerbahçe N/A N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1968–69 Galatasaray İTÜ N/A N/A Bulgaria Petar Sinemov
1969–70 İTÜ Fenerbahçe N/A N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1970–71 İTÜ Fenerbahçe N/A N/A Turkey Şengün Kaplanoğlu
1971–72 İTÜ Beşiktaş N/A N/A Turkey Samim Göreç
1972–73 İTÜ Şekerspor N/A N/A Turkey Öner Şaylan
1973–74 Muhafızgücü Şekerspor N/A N/A Turkey Armağan Asena
1974–75 Beşiktaş Galatasaray N/A N/A Turkey Cavit Altunay
1975–76 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş N/A N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1976–77 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş N/A N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1977–78 Eczacıbaşı Tofaş N/A N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1978–79 Efes Pilsen Eczacıbaşı N/A N/A Turkey Faruk Akagün
1979–80 Eczacıbaşı Efes Pilsen N/A N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1980–81 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş N/A N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1981–82 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş N/A N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1982–83 Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe N/A N/A Turkey Rıza Erverdi
1983–84 Efes Pilsen Karşıyaka
2–1
N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1984–85 Galatasaray Fenerbahçe
2–1
N/A Turkey Nur Germen
1985–86 Galatasaray Efes Pilsen
2–1
N/A Turkey Fehmi Sadıkoğlu
1986–87 Karşıyaka Galatasaray
2–1
N/A Turkey Nadir Vekiloğlu
1987–88 Eczacıbaşı Çukurova Sanayi
3–1
N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1988–89 Eczacıbaşı Çukurova Sanayi
3–1
N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1989–90 Galatasaray Paşabahçe
3–1
N/A Turkey Faruk Akagün
1990–91 Fenerbahçe Tofaş
3–2
N/A Turkey Çetin Yılmaz
1991–92 Efes Pilsen Paşabahçe
3–1
N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
1992–93 Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe
4–0
N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
1993–94 Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
4–2
N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
1994–95 Ülkerspor Fenerbahçe
4–2
N/A Turkey Çetin Yılmaz
1995–96 Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
4–0
N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
1996–97 Efes Pilsen Türk Telekom
4–1
N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
1997–98 Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
4–2
N/A Turkey Çetin Yılmaz
1998–99 Tofaş Efes Pilsen
4–2
N/A Croatia Jasmin Repeša
1999–00 Tofaş Efes Pilsen
4–1
N/A Turkey Tolga Öngören
2000–01 Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
4–2
N/A Turkey Murat Didin
2001–02 Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
4–2
N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2002–03 Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
4–3
N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2003–04 Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
4–2
N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2004–05 Efes Pilsen Beşiktaş
4–1
N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2005–06 Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
4–0
N/A Turkey Murat Özyer
2006–07 Fenerbahçe Efes Pilsen
4–0
N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
2007–08 Fenerbahçe Türk Telekom
4–1
N/A Montenegro Bogdan Tanjević
2008–09 Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe
4–2
United States Bootsy Thornton Turkey Ergin Ataman
2009–10 Fenerbahçe Efes Pilsen
4–2
United States Tarence Kinsey Turkey Ertuğrul Erdoğan
2010–11 Fenerbahçe Galatasaray
4–2
Turkey Oğuz Savaş Croatia Neven Spahija
2011–12 Beşiktaş Anadolu Efes
4–2
Puerto Rico Carlos Arroyo Turkey Ergin Ataman
2012–13 Galatasaray Banvit
4–1
United States Jamont Gordon Turkey Ergin Ataman
2013–14 Fenerbahçe Galatasaray
4–3
N/A Serbia Željko Obradović

Titles[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Championship seasons
Anadolu Efes
13
10
1979, 1983, 1984, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2009
Eczacıbaşı
8
1
1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1988, 1989
Fenerbahçe
6
8
1991, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2014
Galatasaray
5
5
1969, 1985, 1986, 1990, 2013
İTÜ
5
1
1968, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973
Ülkerspor
4
5
1995, 1998, 2001, 2006
Beşiktaş
2
6
1975, 2012
Tofaş
2
2
1999, 2000
Karşıyaka
1
1
1987
Altınordu
1
0
1967
Muhafızgücü
1
0
1974

Other participants[edit]

  • Adana Demirspor (1973–1974, 1975–1976)
  • Altay (1967–1972, played as Egepen Altay in 2000–2001)
  • Altınordu (1966–1973)
  • Anadoluhisarı (1984–1985)
  • Ankaragücü (1970–1975)
  • Antbirlik (1981–1982, 1994–1996, 2000–2001)
  • Bakırköyspor (1993–1994)
  • Beslen Makarna (1986–1992, withdrew at the end of 1991–92 season)
  • Büyük Kolej (2000–2006)
  • Büyük Salat (1988-1988, withdrew after 7 matches)
  • Çukurova Sanayi (1981–1992)
  • DSİ Spor (1966–1982, played as Suspor between 1966 and 1975)
  • Eczacıbaşı (1974–1990, 1991–1992, Eczacıbaşı Holding closed basketball branch after relegation to Second League in 1992)
  • Göztepe (1968–1969, 2002–2003)
  • Güney Sanayi (1980–1984)
  • Hilalspor (1984–1986, 1987–1988)
  • Jandarmagücü (1967–1969)
  • İTÜ (1966–1978, 1979-1994, 1996–1998, 1999–2000, 2001–2006, played as Raks İTÜ in 1996–97 and Aras İTÜ in 2003–2004 seasons due to sponsorship reasons)
  • Kadıköyspor (1966–1969, 1972–1975) (Became Efes Pilsen in 1976 and Anadolu Efes in 2011)
  • Karagücü (1968–1970)
  • Konyaspor (1992–1993, 1996–2001, played as Kombassan Konyaspor between 1996 and 2001 and withdrew in 2001)
  • Kuşadasıspor (1998–1999)
  • Kurtuluş (1966–1968)
  • Meysuspor (1992–1993, 1994–1998)
  • Modaspor (1968–1971)
  • Muhafızgücü (1966–1976, 1977–1978, 1980–1983, played as Silahlı Kuvvetler Gücü between 1982 and 1983)
  • Muratpaşa Bld. (1993–1996, 1997–1999, played as Antalyaspor between 1993 and 1996 and joined to Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyespor in 2001)
  • Mülkiye (1980–1981)
  • Nasaşspor (1986–1987, 1989–1993) (Originally, the team played in İzmit, then it was relocated to İstanbul and became Ülkerspor in 1993–94 season, Alpellaspor in 2006–2007 one. It was finally relocated to Trabzon and became Trabzonspor in 2008–2009 season). Trabzonspor played in TBL as Alpellaspor between 2006 and 2008 and promoted to TBL again in 2009–10 season as champions.
  • Netaş (1995–1997)
  • ODTÜ (1975–1977, 1980–1983)
  • Olin Gençlik (2010–?)
  • Ortaköy (1992–1998, played as Mis Süt Ortaköy in 1993–94 season, Mavi Jeans Ortaköy between 1994 and 1997 and Emlakbank Ortaköy in 1997–98 season due to sponsorship reasons)
  • Paşabahçe (1987–1992, İş Bankası closed basketball branch in 1992)
  • Samsunspor (1973–1974, withdrew at the end of first half of season)
  • Şekerspor (1966–1968, 1971–1983, 1986–1987)
  • Taçspor (1978–1982, 1994–1995)
  • Tarsus İdman Yurdu Erkutspor (1985–1986, withdrew and haven't played any matches)
  • Tekelspor (2002–2007)
  • Tofaş (1976–1989, 1990–2000, 2003–2004, 2006–2007, played as Tofaş SAS between 1976 and 1989 and withdrew from the league in 2000–2001 season)
  • TTNet Beykozspor (1988–1990, 2005–2008, played as Sümerbank Beykozspor between 1988 and 1990 and Beykozspor between 2005 and 2007)
  • Yenişehir (1976–1983, 1985–1986, played as Yenişehir Meysu between 1977 and 1979, as İstanbul Bankası Yenişehir between 1979 and 1983 and as Hortaş Yenişehir between 1985 and 1986)
  • Tuborg Pilsener (1995–2001, 2003–2006, played as Tuborg between 1995 and 1999 and Troy Pilsener between 1999 and 2001 and withdrew in 2001 and in 2006)
  • Yıldırımspor (1992–1994, withdrew from the league in 1994)
  • Ziraat Fakültesi (1977–1982, 1983–1984)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]