Turkish diaspora

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The Turkish diaspora (Turkish: Türk diasporası or Gurbetçi) refers to "Turks" who have emigrated from their homeland. Thus, the term may refer to citizens of Turkey living abroad (which includes ethnic Turks and other ethnic minorities) or ethnic Turks from traditional areas of Turkish settlement (such as Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Kosovo, Hungary the Republic of Macedonia and Romania) who are living abroad.

Due to the large numbers of Turkish citizens and Turkish minorities who have emigrated from their traditional homeland, the figures below do not necessarily show a true indication of the total Turkish population. For example, although official data shows that there are 52,893 Turkish citizens in the United Kingdom, the Home Affairs Committee states that there are now 500,000 British Turks made up of 300,000 Turkish Cypriots, 150,000 Turkish nationals, and smaller groups of Bulgarian Turks and Romanian Turks.[1]

Turkish citizens living abroad[edit]

These figures only include citizens of Turkey. Thus, official numbers do not include individuals who have become naturalised citizens of their host country nor does it include their children who are born in the host country and obtain the host citizenship. For example, although there are 1,658,083 Turkish citizens in Germany, academic estimates suggest that there are now more than 4 million people of Turkish origin living in Germany.[2][3]

Country Turkish citizens (2009)[4] Further information
 Germany 1,658,083 Demographics of Germany
 France 459,611 Demographics of France
 Netherlands 372,728 Demographics of the Netherlands
 United States 250,000 Demographics of the United States
 Saudi Arabia 115,000 Demographics of Saudi Arabia
 Austria 110,678 Demographics of Austria
  Switzerland 71,692 Demographics of Switzerland
 Australia 70,000 Demographics of Australia
 Sweden 67,731 Demographics of Sweden
 Russia 59,177 Demographics of Russia
 Denmark 57,129 Demographics of Denmark
 United Kingdom 52,893 Demographics of the United Kingdom
 Greece 48,880 Demographics of Greece
 Canada 41,000 Demographics of Canada
 Belgium 39,419 Demographics of Belgium
 Bulgaria 28,296 Demographics of Bulgaria
 Italy 20,882 Demographics of Italy
 Romania 20,447 Demographics of Romania
 Azerbaijan 17,577 Demographics of Azerbaijan
 Libya 15,000 Demographics of Libya
 Norway 15,000 Demographics of Norway
 Israel 10,901 Demographics of Israel
 Iran 10,000 Demographics of Iran
 Turkmenistan 9,500 Demographics of Turkmenistan
 Lebanon 8,976 Demographics of Lebanon
 Jordan 8,262 Demographics of Jordan
 Kazakhstan 7,000 Demographics of Kazakhstan
 Finland 5,825 Demographics of Finland
 Hungary 5,814 Demographics of Hungary
 United Arab Emirates 5,484 Demographics of the United Arab Emirates
 Ukraine 5,394 Demographics of Ukraine
 Afghanistan 4,500 Demographics of Afghanistan
 Kuwait 4,000 Demographics of Kuwait
 Japan 3,653 Demographics of Japan
 Spain 3,395 Demographics of Spain
 Kyrgyzstan 3,380 Demographics of Kyrgyzstan
 Poland 3,253 Demographics of Poland
 Dubai 3,000 Demographics of Dubai
 Morocco 2,996 Demographics of Morocco
 Egypt 2,783 Demographics of Egypt
 Syria 2,350 Demographics of Syria
 Serbia 2,194 Demographics of Serbia
 Georgia 2,145 Demographics of Georgia
 Qatar 1,985 Demographics of Qatar
 Sudan 1,800 Demographics of Sudan
 Ireland 1,472 Demographics of Ireland
 Czech Republic 1,487 Demographics of Czech Republic
 Moldova 1,482 Demographics of Moldova
 Algeria 1,480 Demographics of Algeria
 Macedonia 1,412 Demographics of Macedonia
 Iraq 1,200 Demographics of Iraq
 South Korea 1,026 Demographics of South Korea
 Tunisia 1,009 Demographics of Tunisia
 New Zealand 1,000 Demographics of New Zealand
 Singapore 918 Demographics of Singapore
 Liechtenstein 808 Demographics of Liechtenstein
 Argentina 750 Demographics of Argentina
 Bahrain 724 Demographics of Bahrain
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 700 Demographics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Uzbekistan 700 Demographics of Uzbekistan
 Portugal 637 Demographics of Portugal
 Kosovo 622 Demographics of Kosovo
 Tajikistan 600 Demographics of Tajikistan
 China 578 Demographics of China
 Oman 500 Demographics of Oman
 Luxembourg 472 Demographics of Luxembourg
 Malta 400 Demographics of Malta
 Pakistan 310 Demographics of Pakistan
  Vatican City 300 Demographics of the Vatican City
 Yemen 249 Demographics of Yemen
 Malaysia 212 Demographics of Malaysia
 Mexico 200 Demographics of Mexico
 Mongolia 200 Demographics of Mongolia
 Nigeria 200 Demographics of Nigeria
 Slovakia 161 Demographics of Slovakia
 Belarus 150 Demographics of Belarus
 Brazil 150 Demographics of Brazil
 Chile 147 Demographics of Chile
 Thailand 140 Demographics of Thailand
 Kenya 129 Demographics of Kenya
 Slovenia 122 Demographics of Slovenia
 Guinea 120 Demographics of Guinea
 Mali 109 Demographics of Mali
 Philippines 100 Demographics of the Philippines
 Indonesia 97 Demographics of Indonesia
 Latvia 95 Demographics of Latvia
 Lithuania 45 Demographics of Lithuania
 Senegal 79 Demographics of Senegal
 India 76 Demographics of India
 Estonia 72 Demographics of Estonia
 Cuba 62 Demographics of Cuba
 Belize 60 Demographics of Belize
 Tanzania 56 Demographics of Tanzania
 Bangladesh 53 Demographics of Bangladesh
 Venezuela 40 Demographics of Venezuela
 Uganda 37 Demographics of Uganda
 Costa Rica 35 Demographics of Costa Rica
 Ethiopia 35 Demographics of Ethiopia
 Panama 25 Demographics of Panama
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 22 Demographics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Vietnam 16 Demographics of Vietnam
 Cambodia 15 Demographics of Cambodia
 Burma 15 Demographics of Burma
 Ivory Coast 12 Demographics of Ivory Coast
 Burkina Faso 11 Demographics of Burkina Faso
 Gambia 11 Demographics of Gambia
 Peru 11 Demographics of Peru
 Suriname 10 Demographics of Suriname
 Uruguay 10 Demographics of Uruguay
 Guatemala 6 Demographics of Guatemala
   Nepal 5 Demographics of Nepal
 Republic of the Congo 4 Demographics of the Republic of the Congo
 Sri Lanka 4 Demographics of Sri Lanka
 Burundi 3 Demographics of Burundi
 Paraguay 3 Demographics of Paraguay
 Bolivia 2 Demographics of Bolivia
 Angola 1 Demographics of Angola
 Cape Verde 1 Demographics of Cape Verde
 Honduras 1 Demographics of Honduras
Total 3,765,175

Diaspora of Turks from traditional areas of settlement[edit]

Algerian Turks diaspora[edit]

There are many Algerian Turks who have emigrated to other countries and hence make up part of Algeria's diaspora, for example, there is a noticeable Algerian community of Turkish descent living in England. Many Algerians attend the Suleymaniye Mosque which is owned by the British-Turkish community.[5] France, Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, and Spain are also top receiving countries of Algerian citizens.[6]

Bulgarian Turks diaspora[edit]

Country Population Further information
 Turkey 1,160,614 have emigrated between 1879-1992[7] not including descendants
 Sweden 30,000[8]
 Netherlands 10,000-30,000[9]
 Austria 1,000[10]

Cypriot Turks diaspora[edit]

Country TRNC Ministry of Foreign Affairs
(2001 estimate)[11]
Other estimates Further information
 Turkey 500,000 300,000[12][13]-500,000[14][15]
 United Kingdom 200,000 300,000[1][16]-400,000[17][18] British Cypriots
British Turks
 Australia 40,000 60,000[19][20]-120,000[15] Turkish Australian
North America
 United States
 Canada
10,000
N/A
N/A
N/A
5,000[15]
1,800[15]
Cypriot American
Turkish American
Turkish Canadians
 Germany 2,000[15]
 New Zealand 1,600[15]
 South Africa N/A[15]
Other 5,000

20000 mostly in Prizren, Prishtina, Vushtria.

Macedonian Turks diaspora[edit]

Meskhetian Turks diaspora[edit]

Country Population Further information
 Kazakhstan 150,000[21]
 Azerbaijan 90,000-110,000[21]
 Russia 70,000-90,000[22]
 Kyrgyzstan 50,000[21]
 Turkey 40,000[22]
 United States 15,000[23]
 Uzbekistan 15,000[22]
 Ukraine 10,000[22]

Western Thrace Turks diaspora[edit]

Between 300,000 to 400,000 Turks have left Western Thrace since 1923, most of which immigrated to Turkey.[24][25] 25,000 to 40,000 Western Thrace Turks have immigrated to Western Europe, about 80% are living in Germany.[26] Western Thrace Turks have also immigrated to the Netherlands, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Austria and Italy.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Home Affairs Committee (2011). "Implications for the Justice and Home Affairs area of the accession of Turkey to the European Union". The Stationery Office. p. Ev 34. 
  2. ^ Kötter, I; Vonthein, R; Günaydin, I; Müller, C; Kanz, L; Zierhut, M; Stübiger, N (2003). "Behçet's Disease in Patients of German and Turkish Origin- A Comparative Study". In Zouboulis, Christos (ed.). Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Volume 528. Springer. p. 55. ISBN 0-306-47757-2 
  3. ^ Haviland, William A.; Prins, Harald E. L.; Walrath, Dana; McBride, Bunny (2010). Anthropology: The Human Challenge. Cengage Learning. p. 675. ISBN 0-495-81084-3 
  4. ^ Çalışma ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanlığı. "YURTDIŞINDAKİ VATANDAŞLARIMIZLA İLGİLİ SAYISAL BİLGİLER (31.12.2009 tarihi itibarıyla)". Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  5. ^ Communities and Local Government (2009), The Algerian Muslim Community in England: Understanding Muslim Ethnic Communities, pp. 34–53, ISBN 978-1-4098-1169-5 
  6. ^ Communities and Local Government (2009), The Algerian Muslim Community in England: Understanding Muslim Ethnic Communities, p. 22, ISBN 978-1-4098-1169-5 
  7. ^ Eminov, Ali (1997), Turkish and other Muslim minorities in Bulgaria, C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, p. 79, ISBN 1-85065-319-4 
  8. ^ Laczko, Frank; Stacher, Irene; Klekowski von Koppenfels, Amanda (2002). New challenges for Migration Policy in Central and Eastern Europe. Cambridge University Press. p. 187. ISBN 90-6704-153-X 
  9. ^ TheSophiaEcho. "Turkish Bulgarians fastest-growing group of immigrants in the Netherlands". Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  10. ^ Balkan Türkleri Kültür ve Dayanışma Derneği. "Avusturya'daki Bulgaristan Türkleri hala Bulgar isimlerini neden taşıyor?". Retrieved 2011-10-18. 
  11. ^ TRNC Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Briefing Notes on the Cyprus Issue". Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  12. ^ Salih, Halil Ibrahim (1968). Cyprus: An Analysis of Cypriot Political Discord. Brooklyn: T. Gaus' Sons. p. 53. ISBN B0006BWHUO Check |isbn= value (help) 
  13. ^ Soulioti, Stella (2006). Fettered Independence: Cyprus, 1878-1964, Volume 2. University of Minnesota. p. 54. ISBN 0-9791218-1-7 
  14. ^ Economist Intelligence Unit (1997). Country Report: Cyprus, Malta. Economist Intelligence Unit. p. 27 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Star Kıbrıs. "'Sözünüzü Tutun'". Retrieved 2012-09-10. 
  16. ^ BBC. "Network Radio BBC Week 39: Wednesday 28 September 2011: Turkish Delight?". Archived from the original on 2011-09-23. Retrieved 2011-09-14. 
  17. ^ Laschet, Armin (17 September 2011). "İngiltere'deki Türkler". Hurriyet. Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  18. ^ Cemal, Akay (2 June 2011). "Dıştaki gençlerin askerlik sorunu çözülmedikçe…". Kıbrıs Gazetesi. Archived from the original on 2011-08-01. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  19. ^ Kibris Gazetesi. "Avustralya'daki Kıbrıslı Türkler ve Temsilcilik..". Retrieved 2011-05-31. 
  20. ^ BRT. "AVUSTURALYA'DA KIBRS TÜRKÜNÜN SESİ". Retrieved 2011-07-18. 
  21. ^ a b c Aydıngün, Ayşegül; Harding, Çiğdem Balım; Hoover, Matthew; Kuznetsov, Igor; Swerdlow, Steve (2006). Meskhetian Turks: An Introduction to their History, Culture, and Resettelment Experiences. Center for Applied Linguistics. p. 13 
  22. ^ a b c d Aydıngün, Ayşegül; Harding, Çiğdem Balım; Hoover, Matthew; Kuznetsov, Igor; Swerdlow, Steve (2006). Meskhetian Turks: An Introduction to their History, Culture, and Resettelment Experiences. Center for Applied Linguistics. p. 14 
  23. ^ The Seattle Times (2006-03-07). "Refugees' road leads to Tukwila". Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  24. ^ Whitman, Lois (1990). Destroying ethnic identity: the Turks of Greece. Human Rights Watch. p. 2. ISBN 0-929692-70-5 
  25. ^ Hirschon, Renée (2003). Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange Between Greece and Turkey. Berghahn Books. p. 107. ISBN 1-57181-562-7 
  26. ^ Şentürk, Cem (2008). "Batı Trakya Türklerinin Avrupa´ya Göçleri, Bulundukları Ülkelerdeki Yaşam Koşulları ve Kimlik Algılamaları". The Journal of International Social Research 1 (2): 420 
  27. ^ Kultur. "BATI TRAKYA TÜRK EDEBİYATI". Retrieved 2010-05-20.