Turkish general election, 1991

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Turkish general election, 1991
Turkey
1987 ←
20 October 1991 → 1995

Total of 450 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
226 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg
Leader Süleyman Demirel Mesut Yılmaz Erdal İnönü
Party DYP ANAP SHP
Last election 59 292 99
Seats won 178 115 88
Popular vote 6,600,726 5,862,623 5,066,571
Percentage 27.03% 24.01% 20.75%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Necmettin-Erbakan.jpg Bülent Ecevit-Davos 2000 cropped.jpg
Leader Necmettin Erbakan Bülent Ecevit
Party RP DSP
Last election 0 0
Seats won 62 7
Popular vote 4,121,355 2,624,301
Percentage 16.9% 10.7%

1991 Turkish general election.svg


Prime Minister before election

Mesut Yılmaz
AP

Elected Prime Minister

Süleyman Demirel
DYP

General elections were held in Turkey on 20 October 1991, to elect members to the 19th Grand National Assembly. It was the first by the ruling Motherland Party to be contested without its founding leader, Turgut Özal, who had become Turkish president two years previously. The result was a swing against Özal's former party in favour of its fierce centre-right rival, the True Path Party led by Süleyman Demirel. The vote saw two additional parties cross the 10 percent barrier to enter parliament. Necmettin Erbakan and his Welfare Party saw a party of religious background returned for the first time in 14 years. Welfare had a greatly increased share of the vote and took several key provinces, including Istanbul in 1994 local elections. Bülent Ecevit's Democratic Left Party also scraped through to win seven seats. Voter turnout was 83.9%.[1]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
True Path Party 6,600,726 27.0 178 +119
Motherland Party 5,862,623 24.0 115 -177
Social Democratic Populist Party 5,066,571 20.8 88 -11
Welfare Party 4,121,355 16.9 62 +62
Democratic Left Party 2,624,301 10.7 7 +7
Socialist Party 108,369 0.4 0 New
Independents 32,721 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 740,423 - - -
Total 25,157,089 100 450 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p258 ISBN 0-19-924958-X