Turkish presidential election, 2014

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Turkish presidential election, 2014
Turkey
2007 ←
August 10, 2014 (2014-08-10)
→ 2019

  Recep Tayyip Erdogan.PNG Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu (1) (cropped).jpg Selahattin Demirtaş (cropped).jpg
Candidate Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu Selahattin Demirtaş
Party AK Party Independent HDP

Incumbent President

Abdullah Gül
AK Party

Flag of Turkey.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Turkey

The first round of the Presidential elections will be held in Turkey on 10 August 2014,[1] directly for the first time. If no candidate achieves a simple majority, a second round will be held on August 24.

Background[edit]

The Law on Presidential Elections accepted and put into effect on 20 January 2012 decided that presidential elections will be held in 2014 instead of 2012; within 60 days before the end of the seven-year term of incumbent President of Turkey Abdullah Gül, who will be the last indirectly elected President of Turkey. As Gül took office on August 28, 2007, the first possible day could be June 29, but a date between August 10 and August 17 is considered more reasonable.[2]

It was decided in the same law that former Presidents Kenan Evren, Süleyman Demirel, Ahmet Necdet Sezer and incumbent Abdullah Gül cannot be nominated for a second term, but this was ruled unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court of Turkey, allowing them to run for a second term. Also, the Prime Minister of Turkey can be nominated for the presidency without having to resign from his post.

The presidential elections campaign will be held in an "American manner", where candidates can accept personal donations for their campaigns; however, one person cannot donate more than 8,259 TL (approximately $4,500 USD) to a campaign.[3]

Official candidates[edit]

List of parties by presidental candidates[edit]

Abb. Party Ideology Presidential candidate
AK Party Justice & Development Party Conservatism Recep Tayyip Erdoğan[13]
ANAP Motherland Party Liberalism Recep Tayyip Erdoğan[14]
CHP Republican People's Party Kemalism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[15]
MHP Nationalist Movement Party Turkish nationalism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[15]
DP Democrat Party Economic liberalism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[15]
DSP Democratic Left Party Social democracy Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[15]
BTP Independent Turkey Party National Economy Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[15]
LDP Liberal Democratic Party Liberalism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[16]
BBP Great Union Party Sunni Islamism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[15]
DEV-Parti Revolutionary People's Party Socialism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[17]
TSIP Socialist Workers' Party of Turkey Socialism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[17]
DYP True Path Party Economic liberalism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[18]
HAP Rights and Justice Party Kemalism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[19]
KP Women's Party Feminism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[20]
TURK Party Social Reconciliation Reform and Development Party Centrism Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu[21]
HDP Peoples' Democratic Party Democratic socialism Selahattin Demirtaş[22]
EMEP Labour Party Socialism Selahattin Demirtaş[22]
ESP Socialist Party of the Oppressed Marxism-Leninism Selahattin Demirtaş[23]
EHP Workers' Movement Party Marxism-Leninism Selahattin Demirtaş[24]
DSİP Revolutionary Socialist Workers' Party Trotskyism Selahattin Demirtaş[25]
SDP Socialist Democracy Party Marxism-Leninism Selahattin Demirtaş[26]
YSGP Greens and the Left Party of the Future Left-Libertarianism Selahattin Demirtaş[27]
SYKP Socialist Party of Refoundation Marxism-Leninism Selahattin Demirtaş[28]
MLKP Marxist-Leninist Communist Party Marxism-Leninism-Hoxhaism Selahattin Demirtaş[29]
İP Workers' Party Kemalism Emine Ülker Tarhan*
TKP Communist Party of Turkey Communism None
SP Felicity Party Sunni Islamism None[30]
HEPAR Rights and Equality Party Turkish nationalism None
ÖDP Freedom and Solidarity Party Libertarian socialism None[31][32]
YURT-P Homeland Party Nationalism None
HAK-PAR Rights and Freedoms Party Kurdish nationalism None
MP Nation Party Turkish nationalism None
HÜDA PAR Free Cause Party Sunni Islamism None

* Emine Ülker Tarhan has not received the required signatures of 20 members of parliament.

Opinion polls[edit]

Date Organisation Erdoğan İhsanoğlu Demirtaş Lead
30 June 2014 MetroPOLL [33] 42.2 32.9 6.7 9.3
2 July 2014 Gezici [34] 47.2 45.5 7.3 1.7
7 July 2014 DESAV [35] 58.4 33.5 8.1 24.9
9 July 2014 Konsensus [36] 58.2 30.3 11.5 27.9
9 July 2014 GENAR [37] 55.2 35.8 9.0 19.4
12 July 2014 ORC [38] 54.6 37.0 8.4 17.6

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Turkey sets Aug 10 for presidential election: source". Retrieved 2014-03-21. 
  2. ^ "Cumhurbaşkanı seçimi ağustos başı yapılacak" (in Turkish). Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  3. ^ "Çankaya yasası Meclis’ten geçti" (in Turkish). Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  4. ^ "PM as candidate for president may receive half of overseas vote". Today's Zaman. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Turkey's Deputy PM backs Erdogan for president". Anadolu Agency. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  6. ^ Çevik, İlnur (2014-05-10). "Can the opposition have any change against Erdogan?". Daily Sabah (Balmumcu, Istanbul: Sabah). Retrieved 2014-06-21. 
  7. ^ "Turkey’s opposition choose joint presidential candidate". Financial Times. 16 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Turkey’s main opposition parties to nominate ex-head of Islamic body İhsanoğlu for presidency". Hürriyet Daily News. 16 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "5 partiden ‘çatı aday’a destek". NTV. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  10. ^ "LDP, İhsanoğlu'na destek kararı aldı". Cihan News Agency. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  11. ^ "BBP İhsanoğlu'nu destekleme kararı aldı". Anadolu News Agency. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "Selahattin Demirtaş HDP'nin cumhurbaşkanı adayı mı?". CNN Turk. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Başbakan Erdoğan, AK Parti'nin Cumhurbaşkanı adayı". Zaman. 01 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  14. ^ http://www.haber7.com/ic-politika/haber/1184066-ozalin-partisi-hangi-ismi-destekleyecek
  15. ^ a b c d e f "BBP announces its support for presidential candidate İhsanoğlu". Today's Zaman. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  16. ^ "BBP becomes seventh party to lend support to İhsanoğlu". Hürriyet Daily News. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "İhsanoğlu'na iki partiden daha destek geldi" (in Turkish). Milliyet. Milliyet. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  18. ^ "Ekmel Bey'e bir parti daha desteğini açıkladı" (in Turkish). Odatv.com. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  19. ^ "http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/gundem/26873031.asp" (in Turkish). Hurriyet.com.tr. 23 July 2014. 
  20. ^ "http://www.samanyoluhaber.com/politika/Iki-partiden-daha-Ihsanogluna-destek-geldi/1056972/" (in Turkish). Samanyolu Haber. 24 July 2014. 
  21. ^ "http://www.todayszaman.com/son-dakika_turk-party-decides-to-support-presidential-candidate-ihsanoglu_353789.html" (in English). Today's Zaman. 24 July 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "http://diclehaber.com/tr/news/content/view/408823?from=3672903013". Dicle Haber. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  23. ^ "Selahatin Demirtaş yeniden aday". http://www.ahaber.com.tr/Gundem/2014/06/17/selahatin-demirtas-yeniden-aday (in Turkish). 17 June 2014. 
  24. ^ "EHP Cumhurbaşkanlığı siyasetini açıkladı" (in Turkish). Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  25. ^ "DSİP'in CHP ve MHP ile hiçbir ilişkisi yoktur: Adayımız Demirtaş!". 21 July 2014 (in Turkish). Marksist.org. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  26. ^ http://www.radikal.com.tr/turkiye/selahattin_demirtas_sdpnin_hedef_alinmasi_tesaduf_degil-1137159
  27. ^ http://www.yesillervesolgelecek.org/diyoruz-ki/basin-aciklamalari/2014-07-09#.U8pMyU2KCAQ
  28. ^ http://siyasihaber.org/dosya/demokratik-degisim-barisci-turkiye
  29. ^ "Köln'de binler Demirtaş için buluştu" (in Turkish). 19 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  30. ^ "SP leader says his party will not vote for any presidential candidate". Today's Zaman. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  31. ^ http://www.birgun.net/news/view/odp-cumhurbaskanligi-secimindeki-tavrini-acikladi/1288
  32. ^ http://www.firatnews.com/news/guncel/odp-cumhurbaskanligi-secimlerinde-secenek-bulamadi.htm
  33. ^ [1], MetroPOLL Website, 30 June 2014.
  34. ^ [2], Gezici Website, 2 July 2014.
  35. ^ [3], DESAV Website, 7 July 2014.
  36. ^ [4], Konsensus Website, 9 July 2014.
  37. ^ [5], GENAR Website, 9 July 2014.
  38. ^ [6], ORC Website, 12 July 2014.