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design Turkmen carpet. This pattern is often referred to as the "Bukhara" print design.
A Turkmen rug (or Turkmen carpet) is a type of handmade floor-covering textile traditionally originating in Central Asia (especially in Turkmenistan and Afghanistan). It is useful to distinguish between the original Turkmen tribal rugs and the rugs produced in large numbers for export mainly in Pakistan and Iran today. The original Turkmen rugs were produced by the Turkmen tribes from Afghanistan, for various purposes, including tent rugs, door hangings and bags of various sizes. They were made entirely from wool, with geometrical designs that varied from tribe to tribe. Most famous are the Yomut, Ersari, Saryk, Salor, and Tekke. Until the 1910s in these rugs vegetable dyes and other natural dyes were used to produce the rich colors. Since then, synthetic dyes have also been used. The rugs produced in large numbers for export in Pakistan and Iran and sold under the name of Turkmen rugs are mostly made of synthetic colors, with cotton warps and wefts and wool pile. They have little in common with the original Turkmen tribal rugs. In these export rugs, various patterns and colors are used, but the most typical is that of the Bukhara design, which derives from the Tekke main carpet, often with a red or tan background (picture). Another favorite is derived from the Ersari main carpet, with the octagonal elephant's foot design. The Turkmen Carpet Museum, which preserves examples of the original Turkmen tribal rugs, is located in Ashgabat.
"Gushly rug" 
"Gushly rug" (Template:Gushly from turkmen bird)—is a term widely, though erroneously, used in the West to refer to carpets and rugs made by teke Turkmen tribes of Central Asia, such as Tekke and Ersari rugs.
See also 
Turkmen Ersari main carpet, mid-19th century, "elephant foot's" design
- ^ Between the Black Desert and the Red: Turkmen Carpets from the Wiedersperg Collection, San Francisco, Fine Arts Museum, 1999
- ^ "Museums and Tourist Attractions in Turkmenistan". Embassy of Turkmenistan, Washington, D.C., United States. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
External links