Turkmenistan has competed in 5 Summer Olympics, first appearing in 1996. They have never competed in the Winter Olympics and are the only Post-Soviet state not to have competed in them. Turkmen athletes previously competed with the Soviet Union team and, in 1992, as part of the Unified Team. No athlete representing independent Turkmenistan has won an Olympic medal, making it the only ex-Soviet republic never to do so.
Turkmenistan's capital, Ashgabat, has an Olympic Stadium despite never having hosted the Olympic Games.
The National Olympic Committee of Turkmenistan was formed in 1990. It was recognized by the IOC in 1993.
Medals by Summer Games