Turkmenistani parliamentary election, 2013
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Parliamentary elections were held in Turkmenistan on 15 December 2013. Although they were the first multi-party elections in the country's history, both contesting parties claimed loyalty to President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow. The ruling Democratic Party emerged as the largest faction in the Assembly with 47 of the 125 seats, losing its parliamentary majority for the first time since independence. The elections were criticized by the OSCE, Amnesty International, and opposition groups such as the Turkmen Initiative for Human Rights. Farid Tukhbatulin of the Turkmen Initiative for Human Rights said that there was little difference between the two major parties, arguing that neither truly represented opposition groups.
A new law on political parties was adopted in January 2012, with the government claiming it would make it easier for new parties to be formed to challenge the ruling Democratic Party. Subsequently the Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs was established in August 2012.
A total of 283 candidates registered to contest the 125 seats in the Assembly. The Democratic Party put forward 99 candidates, the Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs nominated 28 candidates, whilst a further 163 were fielded by groups including a women's union, trade unions and a youth union.
|Organisation of Trade Unions of Turkmenistan||33|
|Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs||14|
|Women's Union of Turkmenistan||16|
|Magtymguly Youth Organisation||8|
|Source: Government of Turkmenistan|
- Jim Nichol (Congressional Research Service) (2011-05-16). "Turkmenistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests". fas.org. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
- "Elections in the OSCE Area in 2013". osce.org. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 2012-06-18. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
- No whiff of dissent in Turkmenistan's first multi-party vote Reuters, 15 December 2013
- "Rights groups criticise Turkmenistan elections". BBC News. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- Turkmenistan adopts new law on political parties in bid to boost competition RIA Novosti, 11 January 2012
- Industrialists and entrepreneurs of Turkmenistan established political party Turkmenistan.ru, 22 August 2012
- FACTBOX-Parties and candidates in Turkmenistan's parliamentary election Reuters, 13 December 2013
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