Expansion of the Mongol Empire.
Turko-Mongol (or Turkic-Mongol) is a modern designation for various nomads who were subjects of the Mongol Empire. Being progressively Turkified (see Turkic peoples) in terms of language and identity following the Mongol conquests, they derived their ethnic and cultural origins from steppes of Central Asia. Among the most important Turco-Mongol kingdoms were the Chagatai Khanate and Golden Horde. The term is sometimes also used to describe successor Khanates and principalities, such as the Khanate of Kazan, the Nogai Khanate, the Crimean Khanate, the Empire of Timur.