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Asia in 1335, showing states central to the development of Turco-Mongol culture including the Golden Horde and the Chagatai Khanate.

The Turco-Mongol (or Turko-Mongol) tradition was a cultural synthesis that arose during the early 1300s among the ruling elites of Mongol Empire successor states such as the Chagatai Khanate and Golden Horde. These elites adopted Turkic languages and local religions such as Islam and Buddhism, while retaining Mongol political and legal institutions.[1] Many later Central Asian states drew heavily on this tradition, including the Timurid dynasty, the Khanate of Kazan, the Nogai Khanate, the Crimean Khanate, and the Mughal Empire.

The term can also be used in a broader sense to describe the hypothetical common Altaic origin of both the Turkic and Mongolic peoples which can be found in their common Altaic languages, culture, ethnic and genetic origins.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Beatrice Forbes Manz (1989). The Rise and Rule of Tamerlane. Cambridge University Press. pp. 6–9. ISBN 978-0-521-34595-8.