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Asia in 1335, showing states central to the development of Turco-Mongol culture including the Golden Horde and the Chagatai Khanate.

The Turco-Mongol (or Turko-Mongol) tradition was a cultural synthesis that arose during the early 1300s among the ruling elites of Mongol Empire successor states such as the Chagatai Khanate and Golden Horde. These elites adopted Turkic languages and local religions such as Islam and Buddhism, while retaining Mongol political and legal institutions.[1] Many later Central Asian states drew heavily on this tradition, including the Timurid dynasty, the Khanate of Kazan, the Nogai Khanate, and the Crimean Khanate.

The term can also be used in a broader sense to describe the hypothetical common Altaic origin of both the Turkic and Mongolic peoples which can be found in their common Altaic languages, culture and to a lesser degree ethnic and genetic origins.[2]

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