Turks in Denmark

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Turks in Denmark
Total population
60,299 (Statistics Denmark Oct. 2011)[1]
Other estimates suggests 70,000[2][3]
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Religion
Predominantly Islam
(mostly Sunni and some Alevis)

Turks in Denmark or Danish Turks (Danish: Tyrkere i Danmark; Turkish: Danimarka Türkleri) refers to people living in Denmark with ancestral background from Turkey. The group mainly includes ethnic Turks, They currently form the largest immigrant group.[4]

History[edit]

At the end of the 1950s Denmark required a high labour demand which triggered labour immigration mainly from Turkey and Yugoslavia.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As of October 2011, Statistics Denmark recorded 60,299 people with origins from Turkey living in Denmark, with 44,626 in Zealand, 12,569 in Jutland, 3,086 in Funen, and 18 in Bornholm.[6]

Culture[edit]

Language[edit]

Within the home environment the mother tongue is most dominant and children are expected to speak Turkish. However, Danish is spoken outside the home creating a bilingual identity.[7]

Religion[edit]

The majority of Turks regard themselves as Muslims. They worship their religion mainly within their own Turkish community and are subdivided mainly by political or religious differences.[8] The Diyanet supports mosque associations in Denmark and controls the majority of the religious organisations used by the community. The "Danish Turkish Islamic Foundation" (Danish: Dansk Tyrkisk Islamisk Stiftelse) is part of the Diyanet and is the largest Muslim organisation in Denmark.[9] The Diyanet’s major competing Islamic networks are the Millî Görüş as well as the Alevi association.[9]

Integration[edit]

Naturalisation[edit]

Naturalisation of Turkish citizens:[10][11]
Year Persons   ±% p.a.  
1979 98 —    
1980 22 −77.55%
1981 26 +18.18%
1982 11 −57.69%
1983 59 +436.36%
1984 71 +20.34%
1985 110 +54.93%
1986 214 +94.55%
1987 299 +39.72%
1988 437 +46.15%
1989 195 −55.38%
Year Persons   ±% p.a.  
1990 107 −45.13%
1991 376 +251.40%
1992 502 +33.51%
1993 561 +11.75%
1994 919 +63.81%
1995 797 −13.28%
1996 919 +15.31%
1997 1,037 +12.84%
1998 1,243 +19.86%
1999 3,154 +153.74%
2000 2,787 −11.64%
Year Persons   ±% p.a.  
2001 3,180 +14.10%
2002 2,418 −23.96%
2003 2,158 −10.75%
2004 732 −66.08%
2005 878 +19.95%
2006 1,125 +28.13%
2007 527 −53.16%
2008 581 +10.25%
2009 511 −12.05%
2010 239 −53.23%

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistikbanken. "Danmarks Statistik". Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  2. ^ DR Online. "Tyrkere langer ud efter trossamfund". Retrieved 2011-01-22. 
  3. ^ Jyllands-Posten. "Tyrkisk afstand fra Islamisk Trossamfund". Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  4. ^ Liebig 2007, 32.
  5. ^ Liebig 2007, 13.
  6. ^ Statistikbanken. "Danmarks Statistik". Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  7. ^ Jørgensen 2002, 242.
  8. ^ Svanberg 1999, 389.
  9. ^ a b Nielsen, Akgonul & Alibasic 2009, 100.
  10. ^ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2008, 357.
  11. ^ Statistikbanken. "People, who changes into Danish citizenship by sex, age and former citizenship". Retrieved 2011-06-06. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jørgensen, J.N (2002), "Children’s Acquisition of Code-switching for Power-Wielding", in Auer, Peter (ed.), Code-Switching in Conversation: Language, Interaction and Identity, Routledge, ISBN 0-203-01788-9 
  • Liebig, Thomas (2007), The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Denmark, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 
  • Nielsen, Jørgen S.; Akgonul, Samim; Alibasic, Ahmet (2009), Yearbook of Muslims in Europe, BRILL, ISBN 90-04-17505-9 
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2008). International Migration Outlook: SOPEMI 2008. OECD Publishing. ISBN 92-64-04565-1. .
  • Svanberg, Ingvar (1999), "The Nordic Countries", in Westerlund, David; Svanberg, Ingvar (eds.), Islam outside the Arab world, Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 0-312-22691-8