Turks in Finland

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Turks in Finland
Total population
est. 10,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
Helsinki
Languages
Turkish and Finnish.
Religion
Islam

Turks in Finland (Turkish: Finlandiya'daki Türkler) are the ethnic Turkish people living in Finland, including Finnish-born persons who have Turkish parents or who have a Turkish ancestral background.

History[edit]

Turkish migration to Finland is a relatively new phenomenon in the country; the majority have predominantly arrived since the late 1980s and are made up of largely male immigrants.[2] Thus, many Turkish adolescents have a Finnish mother.[3] Between 1987-2012 there has been 8,904 Turkish citizens who have immigrated to Finland.[4]

Number of Turkish immigrants entering Finland by year[4]
Year Number Year Number Year Number
1987 25 2000 316 2013 603
1988 50 2001 341 2014
1989 83 2002 514
1990 417 2003 354
1991 394 2004 401
1992 455 2005 504
1993 238 2006 515
1994 364 2007 446
1995 167 2008 570
1996 235 2009 528
1997 375 2010 306
1998 196 2011 370
1999 297 2012 443

Demographics[edit]

According to Statistics Finland, the majority of Turks live in the Uusimaa region with smaller communities in Pirkanmaa, Varsinais-Suomi, North Ostrobothnia, and Kymenlaakso.[5]

The majority of Turkish immigrants are self-employed and are predominately active in the restaurant and fast food sector.[6]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Svensk-Turkiska Riksförbundet. "Diyanet İskandinavya'nın en uç noktası Finlandiya'da". Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  2. ^ Östen 2007, 548.
  3. ^ Phinney et al. 2006, 225.
  4. ^ a b Statistics Finland. "Immigration and emigration by country of exit and entry and by age and gender 1987 - 2012". Retrieved 2011-06-25. 
  5. ^ Statistics Finland. "Country of birth according to age and gender by region 1990-2012". Retrieved 2011-06-25. 
  6. ^ Östen 2008, 53.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Östen, Wahlbeck (2007), "Work in the kebab economy - A study of the ethnic economy of Turkish immigrants in Finland", Ethnicities (Sage) 7 (4): 543–563 
  • Östen, Wahlbeck (2008), "Entrepreneurship as Social Status: Turkish Immigrants’ Experiences of Self-Employment in Finland", Migration Letters 5 (1): 53–62 
  • Phinney, Jean S.; Berry, John W.; Sam, David L.; Vedder, Paul (2006), "Understanding Immigrant Youth: Conclusions and Implications", in Berry, John W., Immigrant Youth in Cultural Transition: Acculturation, Identity, and Adaptation Across National Contexts, Routledge, ISBN 0-8058-5156-9 .