Turks in Norway

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Turks in Norway
Total population
16,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
Oslo  · Drammen
Languages
Turkish
Religion
Islam
A Turkish supermarket in Oslo.

Turks in Norway (or Norwegian Turks) are people of Turkish ethnicity living in Norway. There is currently over 15,000 Turks living in Norway.

History[edit]

Throughout the 1970s there was a wave of labour motivated inward migration. A large proportion of the immigrants came from Turkey. Many of these immigrants have since remained in Norway. In 1976 the borders were closed for further inward migration of this kind. During this period there was an increasing awareness and focusing on "foreign workers" in the political debate. A large proportion, more than 20% of the immigrants in Drammen are from Turkey. The major share of these came during the early labour motivated migration phase.[2]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2009, there are 15,436 Turks living in Norway. Of these, 10,039 are immigrants and 5,397 are Norwegian-born to Turkish immigrant parents.[3] The Turkish population is one of the highest neutralised citizens (76.7%); 11,840 obtain Norwegian citizenship whilst 3,596 obtain foreign citizenship.[4]

Demographic history[edit]

According to Statistics Norway, as of 2010, the total population of the Norway is 4,858,199. The Turkish population is 15,998, thus 0.32% of the total population.

Year Turkish population
2006 14,084
2007 14,546
2008 15,003
2009 15,436
2010 15,998
(Source: Statistics Norway 2009)[1][2]

Turkish settlement[edit]

Immigrants from Turkey have a higher share than the average living in Oslo; however the highest proportion of Turkish immigrants in Norway live in Drammen, a city within commuting distance of Oslo.[5]

Rank Municipalities Population (2000) [6] Population (2007) [7] Population (2008) [8] Population (2009) [9] Population (2010) [10]
1 Oslo 4,359 5,608 5,715 5,844 5,987
2 Drammen 1,729 2,100 2,091 2,135 2,169
3 Stavanger 750 1,069 1,104 1,125 1,163
4 Trondheim 596 911 961 977 1,041
5 Bergen 310 506 543 569 606
6 Bærum 168 173 177 N/A N/A
7 Kristiansand 139 172 171 174 173
8 Fredrikstad N/A 87 96 103 111
9 Asker 42 N/A N/A 85 92
10 Other N/A 3,813 4,145 4,424 4,656
(Source: Statistics Norway 2009)

Religion[edit]

As of 2008, there are 15,003 Turks in Norway who are Muslims.[11] The Turkish community in Drammen bought the Adventist Church in Bragernes, Drammen in 2008 which will be turned into a mosque. The church was sold for 7.2 million kroner. The Turkish congregations is one of the biggest Muslim communities in Drammen, with about 1,000 members.[12]

Notable people[edit]

Name Birth Notability Turkish link
Mertefe Bartınlıoğlu 1968 Politician Immigrant from Turkey[13]
Izzet Celasin 1958 Writer Immigrant from Turkey
Akin Düzakin 1961 Writer Immigrant from Turkey
Zafer Gözet 1965 Former leader of the Communist Party of Norway Immigrant from Turkey
Adem Güven 1985 Football player Norwegian-born to Turkish parents
Azar Karadaş 1981 Football player Norwegian-born to Turkish parents[14]
Vendela Kirsebom 1967 Model and actress Swedish-born to a Turkish father[15]
Gülay Kutal Politician Immigrant from Turkey[16]
Kamil Özerk 1954 Professor Immigrant from Cyprus[17]
Ozan Özerk 1979 Entrepreneur & Doctor Immigrant from Cyprus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Norway. "Persons with immigrant background by immigration category and country background 1 January 2010". Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  2. ^ InterCulturalCity. "Ethnic diversity and entrepreneurship in Oslo and Drammen". Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  3. ^ Statistics Norway. "Persons with immigrant background by immigration category, country background and sex. 1 January 2009". Retrieved 2009-04-04. [dead link]
  4. ^ Statistics Norway. "Population by Norwegian/foreign citizenship and country background. 1 January 2009". Retrieved 2009-04-04. [dead link]
  5. ^ Ottawa 2006. "Residential concentration of non-western immigrants in Norway – will they all end up in Oslo?". Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  6. ^ Statistics Norway. "Immigrant population by counntry of birth, (largest groups) Selected municipalities. 1 January 2000". Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  7. ^ Statistics Norway. "Immigrant population by country of birth (largest groups). Selected municipalities. 1 January 2007". Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  8. ^ Statistics Norway. "Immigrant population by country of birth,(the 20 largest groups). Selected municipalities. 1 January 2008". Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  9. ^ Statistics Norway. "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents by country of birth,(the 20 largest groups).Selected municipalities.1 January 2009". Retrieved 2009-04-04. [dead link]
  10. ^ Statistics Norway. "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents by country of birth,(the 20 largest groups).Selected municipalities.1 January 2010". Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  11. ^ Source: Statistics Norway
  12. ^ Drammens Tidende. "Håper kirkesalg øker trosfriheten i muslimske land". Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  13. ^ Zaman. "Norveç’in ilk Türk asıllı milletvekili adayı". Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  14. ^ Hurriyet Daily News. "Kasımpaşa returns to top-flight football". Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  15. ^ Dagbladet. "Vendelas vendepunkt". Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  16. ^ Oslo SV. "Gülay Kutal". Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  17. ^ Hurriyet. "Okullar iyi karakterli insanlar yetiştirmeli". Retrieved 2012-03-20.