Turks in the Arab world

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A map of the Arab world. This is based on the standard territorial definition of the Arab world which comprises the states and territories of the Arab League.

Turks in the Arab world refers to ethnic Turks who live in the Arab World. The immigrations of Seljukians and its successors, Mamluks and the conquest of the region by the Ottoman Empire set in motion important population movements of Turkish colonizers who were brought over from Anatolia to Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen,[1][2] establishing a firm Turkish base for further conquests in the region. Hence, the Ottomans used colonization as a very effective method to consolidate their position and power in the region.[3]

History[edit]

Ottoman migration[edit]

Levant Turks[edit]

Turkish colonization in the Levant
Region colonized Ottoman conquest and
year of Turkish settlement
Name of Turkish community Current status
Iraq 1534 Iraqi Turks
Jordan 1516 Jordan Turks
Lebanon 1516 Lebanese Turks
Syria 1516 Syrian Turks

North African Turks[edit]

Turkish colonization in North Africa
Region colonized Ottoman conquest and
year of Turkish settlement
Name of Turkish community Current status
Algeria 1517 Algerian Turks 5%[4] to as much as 25%[5] of Algeria's population are of Turkish origin.
Egypt 1517 Egyptian Turkmens 100,000 Turks are still living in Egypt.[6]
Libya 1551 Libyan Turks In 1936 there was 35,000 Turks living in Libya, forming about 5% of the total population at the time.[7]
Sudan Sudanese Turks about 5000
Tunisia 1574 Tunisian Turks As much as 25% of Tunisia's population are of Turkish origin.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Country Current est. Turkish population Further information Lists of Turks
 Algeria 600,000-3,300,000[8][4][9][10] Turks in Algeria
 Bahrain
 Djibouti
 Egypt 100,000[6]-1,500,000[11] Turks in Egypt
 Iraq 500,000–3,000,000[12][11] Iraqi Turkmensa[›]
 Jordan 60,000[9] Turks in Jordan
 Kuwait
 Lebanon 80,000[13] Turks in Lebanon
 Libya 50,000[9] Turks in Libya
 Mauritania
 Morocco
 Oman
 Palestinian territories
 Qatar
 Saudi Arabia 150,000[9] Turks in Saudi Arabia
 Syria 750,000-3,500,000[14][11] Syrian Turkmens
 Tunisia 500,000[9]-2,000,000[15] Turks in Tunisia
 United Arab Emirates
 Yemen 10,000-30,000[16][17] Turks in Yemen
Total 8,760,000 (in 1993)[9]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^ a: The Iraqi Turkmen are the descendants of various waves of Turkic migration to Mesopotamia dating from the 7th century until Ottoman rule. Most of today's descendants of the 7th century migrants have been assimilated into the local Arab population.[18] Thus, the majority of today's Iraqi Turkmen are the descendants of the Ottoman soldiers, traders and civil servants who were brought into Iraq during the rule of the Ottoman Empire.[19][20][21][18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Milli Gazete. "Levanten Türkler". Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  2. ^ Todays Zaman. "Turks in northern Africa yearn for Ottoman ancestors". Retrieved 2012-03-18. 
  3. ^ Doğanay 1995, 46.
  4. ^ a b Oxford Business Group 2008, 10.
  5. ^ a b Hizmetli 1953, 10.
  6. ^ a b Baedeker 2000, lviii.
  7. ^ Pan 1949, 103.
  8. ^ Turkish Embassy in Algeria (2008), Cezayir Ülke Raporu 2008, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, p. 4 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Akar 1993, 95.
  10. ^ Zaman. "Türk’ün Cezayir’deki lakabı: Hıyarunnas!". Retrieved 2012-03-18. 
  11. ^ a b c Akar 1993, 94.
  12. ^ Park 2005, 36
  13. ^ Al-Akhbar. "Lebanese Turks Seek Political and Social Recognition". Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  14. ^ Özkaya 2007, 112.
  15. ^ Haftaya Bakış (6), Bakış Basın Yayın Organizasyon, 1998, p. 35 .
  16. ^ Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanlığı. "Cumhurbaşkanı Gül, Türkiye-Yemen İş Forumu'nda". Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  17. ^ Star Gazete. "Yemen Mecnun’u çöllere düşüren büyülü ülke". Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  18. ^ a b Taylor 2004, 31.
  19. ^ International Crisis Group 2008, 16.
  20. ^ Library of Congress, Iraq: Other Minorities, Library of Congress Country Studies, retrieved 2011-11-24 
  21. ^ Jawhar 2010, 314.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]