Turku Airport

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Turku Airport
Turun lentoasema
Åbo flygplats
00 Finavia Turku Airport.jpg
Terminaali 1, Turun lentoasema, Turku, 11.7.2010.JPG
IATA: TKUICAO: EFTU
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Finavia
Serves Turku, Finland
Elevation AMSL 49 m / 161 ft
Coordinates 60°30′53″N 022°15′42″E / 60.51472°N 22.26167°E / 60.51472; 22.26167Coordinates: 60°30′53″N 022°15′42″E / 60.51472°N 22.26167°E / 60.51472; 22.26167
Website www.finavia.fi/...
Map
TKU is located in Finland
TKU
TKU
Location within Finland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08/26 2,500 8,202 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 454,948
Landings 14,343
Freight (tons) 8,012
Source: AIP Finland[1]
Statistics from Finavia[2]

Turku Airport (IATA: TKUICAO: EFTU), is located in Turku, Finland, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) north[3] of Turku city centre. It serves approximately 450,000 passengers per year, being the fourth busiest airport in Finland by the number of passengers (in 2012) and second busiest airport by the amount of cargo tonnes (in 2012).[2] Turku Airport is exclusively operated by the stated-owned company Finavia. The airport has a secondary passenger terminal specifically designed for low-cost airlines. There is a region promoted and developed logistic concept LogiCity[4] to create a logistic hub around Turku Airport, in where all ways of cargo transportation can be connected together in same area. From 1 September 2008, TNT Airways made Turku Airport its logistic hub for its operations in Finland.

Location[edit]

Turku airport is located in Lentokenttä (Finnish for airfield; Swedish: Flygfältet) district in the Maaria-Paattinen ward of Turku.

History[edit]

Turku Airport was Finland's first civilian airport when it was built in Artukainen in 1935, but already in the 1920s there was a water airport on Ruissalo Island. Artukainen served as a main airport of Turku until the new airport was built in the municipality of Rusko in 1955. The location become part of Turku in 1957. New terminal building was opened in 1978. Runway was upgraded to 2500 m in 1980. Air cargo terminal was opened in 1991 as well as air cargo plate. Terminal 1 was renovated and enlarged in 1999. In the 1990s, Lufthansa CityLine operated flights to Hamburg and ELK Airways to Tallinn. Second cargo terminal was opened in 2003 and second passenger terminal for low-cost airlines in 2008. Wizz Air launched flights to Turku in April 2008 and AirBaltic in July 2009. Wingo xprs operated flights to Stockholm-Bromma in spring 2009 and Jet Air to Gdansk in 2009–2010. Norwegian Air Shuttle flew to Stockholm-Arlanda and Flybe Nordic to Tallinn during the winter season 2011–2012. Ryanair operated flights to Brussels-Charleroi, London-Stansted, Málaga and Barcelona-Girona only during the summer season 2012. According to Ryanair the period was very successful but they could not tolerate the raised airport costs of Finavia operated airport and promised to return all routes as soon as price raise would be withdrawn. During the Ryanair's stay there was 27% growth on passenger statistics.[5] Turku Airport was closed partially for July 2014 for the renovations of the runway and taxiways. Terminal 1 and the passenger apron was also renovated. Finavia budgeted 14 million euros for the renovations and improvements at Turku Airport. [6] One of the most important long-time routes for the Turku Airport was Turku - Copenhagen operated by SAS which was discontinued after airport break in 2014 which had immidiate impact in passenger volumes. [7]

Logicity[edit]

Logicity was at first a project of Pilot Turku Ltd (founded in 2003) but now operated by Turku Municipal Property Corporation after the contract with Pilot Turku Ltd ended 2010.[8] Logicity will be a logistic hub built around Turku Airport. Logicity is supposed to link the different modes of transport together due to facts that Turku Airport is just in 20 minutes reach by sea ports of Turku and Naantali which combined values are comparable to the Port of Vuosaari in Helsinki, Both E18 highway to St. Petersburg and E63 to Tampere go via Turku Airport, and also rail transport connection to Russia and China passes by Logicity area. Pilot Turku describers Turku Region as "the meeting point of the East, the West and the Nordic countries" and as "the multimodal transport centre of the Nordic Triangle".[9]

Logistic terminals at Turku Airport

Logicity is estimated to make at least 3,000 to 5,000 new jobs. The length of runway at Turku airport has an option to be upgraded to reach 3,300 m (10,827 ft) to meet new demands.[10] There are several plans set for the nearby area: new roads, commercial centres, retail parks, industrial estates, logistic terminals and offices. In fact there is already big commercial area along with the E18 ring road just few kilometers away in Kuninkoja. Logicity is planned in two phases which of phase one allows now to build 400,000 m2 (4,305,564 sq ft) of floorspace and second phase will raise it to 1,000,000 m2 (11,000,000 sq ft).[11] Project is regionally important and many towns near airport including Turku were taking part as shareholders of Pilot Turku Ltd e.g. Kaarina, Lieto and Naantali.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Terminal 2 at Turku Airport
Map of the terminal area

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
airBaltic Riga 1
Finnair
operated by Flybe Nordic
Helsinki 1
Nextjet Mariehamn 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante 1
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Braathens Regional
Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Kittilä
1
Turku Air Mariehamn 1
Wizz Air Gdańsk 2

Cargo[edit]

Saudi Arabian Airlines Cargo at Turku Airport's Cargo APN
Airlines Destinations
TNT Airways Gothenburg, Liège, Tallinn

Statistics[edit]

Passengers[edit]

Annual passenger statistics for Turku Airport [12]
Year Domestic passengers International passengers Total passengers Change
2006 127,582 212,338 339,920 +3.6% Increase
2007 130,666 178,116 308,782 −9.2% Decrease
2008 102,003 216,094 318,097 +3.0% Increase
2009 90,746 187,275 278,021 −12.6% Decrease
2010 104,533 252,726 357,259 +28.5% Increase
2011 116,631 260,902 377,533 +5.7% Increase
2012 109,995 344,953 454,948 +20.5% Increase
2013 96,388 228,279 324,667 -28.6% Decrease

Freight and mail[edit]

Loaded/Unloaded freight and mail (tons) Turku Airport [13]
Year Domestic freight Domestic mail International freight International mail Total freight and mail Change
2006 132 260 2,883 3 3,278 +9.8% Increase
2007 50 102 3,304 3 3,459 +5.5% Increase
2008 43 0 4,650 1 4,695 +35.7% Increase
2009 157 0 6,761 0 6,919 +47.4% Increase
2010 72 0 6,988 0 7,061 +2.1% Increase
2011 1 1 7,852 0 7,853 +11.2% Increase
2012 18 0 7,994 0 8,012 +0.2% Increase
2013 0 0 5 342 0 5 342 -33.3% Decrease

Ground transportation[edit]

Means of transport at Turku Airport
Means of transport Operator Route Destinations Website Notes
Bus Bus Turku Region Traffic 1 Market Square (Finnish: Kauppatori), Port of Turku (Finnish: Satama) www.foli.fi every 20 min
OnniExpress -- Helsinki, Lohja, Raisio, Salo www.onniexpress.fi
Car Car Liikennevirasto E18 Naantali, Helsinki, Saint Petersburg, E8, 10 www.liikennevirasto.fi
E63 Tampere, Jyväskylä, Sodankylä www.liikennevirasto.fi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "EFTU Turku" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 30 June 2011. pp. EFTU AD 2.1, 1–14. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Finavia's Air Traffic Statistics 2010" (PDF). Vantaa: Finavia. pp. 7, 9. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "Turku Airport – Transport Connections". Finavia. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  4. ^ "LogiCity". City of Turku. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  5. ^ http://www.ryanair.com/fi/news/ryanair-lopettaa-liikennoinnin-turusta-valtion-korotettujen-valvontamaksujen-vuoksi
  6. ^ http://www.finavia.fi/fi/tiedottaminen/ajankohtaista/2014/turun-lentoasema-on-suljettu-3062772014/
  7. ^ http://www.ts.fi/uutiset/kotimaa/675145/Kauttakulkijoiden+maara+vaheni+tuhansilla+Turun+lentoasemalla
  8. ^ "How to contact LogiCity". City of Turku. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  9. ^ "Why the Turku region?". City of Turku. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  10. ^ Heino, Jari (9 April 2008). "Kiitorata pidemmäksi, tieyhteys kentän pohjoispuolelle. Lentokentän seudusta puuhataan 3 000 ihmisen työpaikka-aluetta". Turun Sanomat (in Finnish). Turku: TS-Yhtymä Oy. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  11. ^ "LogiCity is a logistically logical location". City of Turku. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  12. ^ "Traffic statistics – Passengers". Finavia. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  13. ^ "Publications". Finavia. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Turku Airport at Wikimedia Commons