Turl Street

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View south from the north end of Turl Street with Exeter College on the left and Jesus College on the right.
Engraving of Turl Street, with Jesus College on the right, in 1837.
Engraving looking south along Turl Street, with All Saints Church in the distance, 1839.

Turl Street is an historic street in central Oxford, England.[1][2][3]

Location[edit]

The street is located in the city centre, linking Broad Street at the north and High Street at the south. It intersects with Brasenose Lane to the east, and Market Street and Ship Street to the west. These streets link Turl Street to the busy Cornmarket, and to the iconic Radcliffe Square.

It is colloquially known as The Turl and is home to three of the University of Oxford's historic colleges: Exeter, Jesus and Lincoln. It meets the High Street by the early 18th century All Saints church, which has been Lincoln College's library since the 1970s.

History[edit]

Turl Street was called St Mildred's Street in 1363, but was known as Turl Gate Street by the mid-17th century.[citation needed] It acquired this name from a twirling gate (demolished in 1722) which was in a postern in the city wall. The part to the south of Ship Street was known as Lincoln College Lane in 1751.

Originally the Turl came to an abrupt halt at its junction with Ship Street, where it reached the city wall and the twirling gate.[citation needed] By 1551, it was extended by a path (known as "The path leading from the Hole in the Wall") to reach what is now Broad Street, and in 1722 the gate was removed altogether.

The Turl has been closed to traffic (except for access) since 1985. A rising bollard, installed by the Oxford City Council, cuts it off in the middle.

Commerce[edit]

While it is dominated by the three Turl Street colleges, the street houses several shops, including a sports shop, a bar and restaurant (the Turl Street Kitchen), a costume-magic shop, an Oxfam shop, a number of jewellery and memorabilia shops, a cafe, a news agent/general store, a whisky shop, a shoe shop (Duckers, featured in Atonement[citation needed]), a picture-framing workshop, and the traditional gentleman's tailors, Walters of Oxford. The site now occupied by the Turl Street Kitchen was once the QI Building ("QI Oxford") (associated with the Quite Interesting television series).[4]

The Turl Street colleges also have student housing above and around many of these shops.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Turl Street is the subject of an obscure ecclesiastical joke, based on its location. "In what way is the Church of England like the Turl? It runs from the High to the Broad and goes straight past Jesus."

Turl Street is also the site of another famous (probably apocryphal) story. An American tourist is said to have entered Lincoln College and asked the porter: "Say buddy, is this Jesus?" To which the porter replied: "Typical yank; thinks Lincoln was Jesus."[citation needed]

Turl Street Wanderers FC is a football club playing in the London Football League Sunday PM Premier Division.[5] For the first four years of its existence the club played in the West End (London) Amateur Football Association. The club was founded in 2004 by alumni of Lincoln College and Jesus College.

The Turl Street Arts Festival is organized annually by students from the three colleges in the street, Exeter, Jesus and Lincoln.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire. Penguin Books. pp. 134, 136, 138, 142, 146, 148, 308. ISBN 0-14-071045-0. 
  2. ^ Tyack, Geoffrey (1998). Oxford: An architectural guide. Oxford University Press. pp. 49, 103, 105, 117, 135, 148, 167, 196, 221, 283, 325. ISBN 0-14-071045-0. 
  3. ^ Turl Street, History.
  4. ^ The QI Building, QI.
  5. ^ London Football League Sunday PM Premier Division.

Coordinates: 51°45′14″N 1°15′23″W / 51.75375°N 1.25642°W / 51.75375; -1.25642