Turnbuckle Championship Wrestling
|Headquarters||Marietta, Georgia, United States|
|Owner(s)||Dusty Rhodes (2000-2003)|
|Parent||TurnBuckle Entertainment, Inc.|
Turnbuckle Championship Wrestling was a Southeastern independent professional wrestling promotion based in Marietta, Georgia. It was founded by retired wrestler and former NWA World Heavyweight Champion Dusty Rhodes in 2000 and, during its three years in operation, held events throughout the Southern United States in Virginia, Tennessee, Florida, Georgia and Alabama; it was especially popular in Atlanta, Georgia and Dothan, Alabama where the promotion regularly held events. TCW also cooperated with rival independent promotions by holding interpromotional shows with Florida Championship Wrestling. The promotion, at its height, had a successful weekly television series in the Atlanta-Macon, Georgia area and had planned to air one live pay-per-view event before its close in 2003.
TCW later became home to many high-profile wrestlers after the close of World Championship Wrestling, and later Extreme Championship Wrestling, in 2001. Among the former WCW roster included Sean Evans, Disco Inferno, David Flair, Lodi, Daffney Glacier, Ron Reis, Sonny Siaki, Scotty Riggs, Larry Zbyszko, Scott Hall, and The Public Enemy (Rocco Rock & Johnny Grunge), all of whom would win championship titles. His son Dustin Rhodes, who at the time was also wrestling for the World Wrestling Entertainment as Goldust, also had a central role in the promotion and briefly held the TCW Heavyweight Championship in early 2002.
From ECW, Yoshihiro Tajiri and Super Crazy continued their long-running feud. The "heel stable" The Extreme Horsemen was formed by ex-ECW stars Steve Corino, Barry Windham and C.W. Anderson. Windham's brother, Kendall, also made occasional appearances for the promotion.
Older stars such as father and son "Bullet" Bob and Scott Armstrong, Manny Fernandez, Bobby Eaton, Ricky Morton, female wrestlers Leilani Kai, Malia Hosaka and Kim Neilson, and independent wrestlers Jorge Estrada, Jason Sugarman and Steve "The Brawler" Lawler were part of the roster as well. Damian Steele, one-half of Ebony & Ivory with Ray Gordy in Deep South Wrestling, got his start in Turnbuckle Championship Wrestling. Erik Watts and Chad Fortune, who previously teamed together in the World Wrestling Federation as Tekno Team 2000, also competed in the promotion.
Dusty Rhodes began plans for organizing a new promotion based in the state of Georgia in 1999, later establishing offices in East Cobb County, Georgia. It would be, said Rhodes, a southern promotion that was "old school but with modern ideas". Early the next year, he started promoting local wrestling events in Georgia, Alabama and Tennessee as part of "The American Dream Tour 2000". The first official event held by TCW took place in Ashburn, Georgia on July 6, 2000, and crowned its first heavyweight champion, Glacier, defeating Jorge Estrada in tournament final. Rhodes, who had previous experience as a booker and television producer for Jim Crockett Promotions and World Championship Wrestling, was able to get a television show aired in Atlanta and Macon, Georgia and soon began negotiating with the Sunshine Network hoping to build on the traditional wrestling fanbase in the Southern, Gulf Coast and Mid-Atlantic region.
In early 2001, the closings of World Championship Wrestling and Extreme Championship Wrestling resulted in the appearance of many of its former stars in TCW. Sean "Shocker" Evans, a trainer at the WCW Power Plant, joined the promotion early on and helped bring in several former WCW stars. One of these was former manager/valet Daffney whose ex-husband, Rich Ward, was a friend of Evans. She was one of four female wrestlers who competed for the promotion, the others being Kim Neilson, Leilani Kai and Malia Hosaka.
A house show in Winchester, Tennessee on February 17, later released on VHS, featured former ECW stars Yoshihiro Tajiri and Super Crazy, WCW veterans Ron Reis, Glacier, Scott Anton and, in the main event, a tag team match between Dusty Rhodes and Barry Windham against Erik Watts and Steve Corino. Female wrestlers Leilani Kai and Malia Hosaka also participated in an exhibition match. The next night in Carrollton, Georgia featured a "Rookies" Battle Royal, showcasing the younger up-and-coming wrestlers in the promotion, and Dusty Rhodes with a mystery partner in a tag team match against Erik Watts and Steve "The Brawler" Lawler. On March 3, Scott "The Clap" Anton and "The Extreme Dream" Erik Watts became the first TCW Tag Team Champions defeating Glacier and Jorge Estrada in Dothan, Alabama.
In April, Rhodes announced that the promotion would be airing its first PPV event that fall, originally on Thanksgiving night in Charlotte, North Carolina, and that TCW would also be airing on television. The series, Rhodes claimed, would feature regular TV appearances by some of the more recognizable wrestlers in professional wrestling, most notably, his son Dustin Rhodes. Scott Hall also joined the promotion and made his official in-ring debut at a special house show in Dothan on May 12.
On June 16 in Calhoun, Georgia, Larry Zbyszko made an appearance to take on Dusty Rhodes in the main event. Though starting off as a singles match, it was turned into a tag team match following outside interference by Luther Biggs and "Cowboy" Bobby Hayes. The match was eventually won by Rhodes and Hayes. The promotion also continued to hold regular monthly shows at the Houston County Farm Center in Dothan, Alabama between July and December 2001.
The next month, Rhodes teamed with his son Dustin, then making his TCW debut less than three days after his WCW contract expired, at a Dothan house show on August 4. Together they faced C.W. Anderson and the masked wrestler American Nightmare in the main event. Dustin Rhodes was highly supportive of TCW as he explained in an August 2001 interview with Greg Oliver, "TCW is the alternative to the World Wrestling Federation. To me in my mind, my opinion, and my dad's opinion, we are the World Wrestling Federation's competition. We are not an independent, we are a company. We want to be treated as one. So we're going to do everything we can to make it a respectable, family entertainment business."
Having begun holding events in Florida that year, Turnbuckle Championship Wrestling began branching out to rival promotions. Among these was NWA Florida, a promotion Rhodes' himself competed earlier in his career, and two of their stars, Jason Sugarman and Jorge Estrada, appeared at the August 21st NWA Florida show at the Fort Homer W. Hesterly Armory in Tampa, Florida. Their match was to fill in for Cyborg and Horace Hogan, both men having been injured. Steve Corino, then NWA World Heavyweight Champion, defended the title in the main event against "Iceman" Buck Quartermaine. NWA Florida stars Buck Quartermain and The New Heavenly Bodies (Vito DeNucci and Chris Nelson) would appear at TCW house shows in late August. A secondary title, the TCW Hardcore Championship, was established when Lodi defeated "Raging Bull" Manny Fernandez in Carrollton, Georgia on September 15.
The promotion held its first television taping, TCW Halloween Horror Slam I, which was later released on VHS. It featured the tag team of Bobby Eaton and Ricky Morton, the two men having experienced a fierce rivalry during the 1980s as members of The Midnight Express and The Rock 'n' Roll Express respectively, in the semi-main event against Erik Watts and Chad Fortune. Watts and Fortune had previously teamed together in the World Wrestling Federation during the 1990s as Tekno Team 2000. In the main event, Glacier defended the TCW Heavyweight Championship against Barry Windham.
On December 28, 2001, TCW and NWA Florida held an interpromotional event at the Volusia County Fairgrounds in DeLand, Florida. In singles matches, Lex Lovett defeated Steve Madison, Jorge Estrada defeated Luther Biggs and Buck Quartermaine defeated Spanky Malone. In a match lasting over 30 minutes, TCW's Glacier and Jason Sugarman won the NWA World Tag Team Championship from The New Heavenly Bodies. In the semi-main event, TCW Heavyweight Champion Scotty Riggs kept his title via disqualification against Barry Windham. The sixth and final match was an "ECW vs. TCW" match in which Steve Corino and Jack Victory took on father and son Dusty and Dustin Rhodes.
On January 26, 2002, Dustin Rhodes defeated Scotty Riggs to win TCW Heavyweight Championship but surrendered the title the following day with the announcement that he would be returning to WWE as a full-time competitor. Dustin wrestled a few last matches before leaving TCW. The first, on February 2, was a 6-man tag team TLC match with his father Dusty and Ron Studd against Scotty Riggs, Jason Sugarman and an impostor Goldust. A second match took place days later in Carrollton and resulted in a victory over Steve Corino. His third and last match was against Scotty Riggs who defeated him for the TCW Heavyweight Championship in Carrollton on March 1. With this victory, Riggs became a record 3-time heavyweight champion.
In July 2003, Rhodes appeared alongside sports director Mike Raita on the Paul Finebaum Radio Network and discussed both his wrestling career and Turnbuckle Championship Wrestling. However, partially due to declining business as well as increased competition from WWE, Rhodes was forced to close the promotion shortly after The Dusty 35th Anniversary Tour that same year. The announcement followed after Rhodes signed a contract with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling.
Tag team roster
- Forman, Ross (2001-06-05). "Dusty Talks about Kevin Nash". KevinBigSexyNash.org. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "The Declaration of Independents Top 250." DeclarationOfIndependents.net Ed. Sean McCaffrey. N.p., 2003. Web. 14 Sep. 2009 <www.declarationofindependents.net/doi/pages/pastissues/top250.html>
- Hornbaker, Tim. National Wrestling Alliance: The Untold Story of the Monopoly that Strangled Pro Wrestling. Toronto: ECW Press, 2007. (pg. 331) ISBN 1-55022-741-6
- Lipscomb III, William P. (May 2005). "Chapter Three: Wrestling Live!". The Operational Aesthetic in the Performance of Professional Wrestling. Louisiana State University. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Parker, Mike (2001-05-04). "12Q Interview With Shannon "Daffney" Ward". The Wrestling View. Official Women of Wrestling. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Schramm, Chris (2001-04-01). "SLAM! Wrestling: Catching up with Daffney". SLAM! Sports. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Keith, Scott; Paul Nemer and Luke Michael White (2002). "The Yeti". Pro Wrestling FAQ. Wrestleview.com. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Letawsky, Craig (2002-11-14). "Ask 411 11.14.02: No Limit Soldiers, Barry O, Super Liger, Savinovich". 411mania.com. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Nemer, Paul (2003-12-17). "ASK WV (12/17/03): Yeti, Hart/HBK, Hebner brothers, Kato, Grenier & more". Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Sonny Siaki". Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Kamchen, Richard (2008-04-16). "SLAM! Wrestling: Scotty Riggs shoot DVD a lengthy earful". SLAM! Wrestling Reviews. SLAM! Sports. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Yandek, Chris (2002). "Dusty Rhodes Interview". Interview Stories. New Era of Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "SLAM! Wrestling: Scott Hall". SLAM! Wrestling Bios. SLAM! Sports. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Rhodes, Dustin (Performer) (2003-05-15). Dustin Rhodes 2005 Shoot Interview (Motion picture). Lebanon: RF Video.
- Waldman, Jon (2006-03-30). "SLAM! Wrestling: Where are they now? A look back at WrestleMania 13's stars". SLAM! Sports. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Biography". DustinRunnels.com. February 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- McNeill, Pat. The Tables All Were Broken: McNeill's Take On The End Of Professional Wrestling As We Know It. Lincoln: iUniverse, 2002. (pg. 136, 161) ISBN 0-595-22404-0
- Niesse, Mark. "Former WCW wrestlers finding work outside the ring". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 23 Nov. 2003.
- Truitt, Brandon (2003). "Shoot Interviews: Barry Windham". Shoot Interviews. KayfabeMemories.com. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Truitt, Brandon (2003-12-15). "Repost: Barry Windham Shoot Interview". Tape Reviews. TheSmartMarks.com. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Williams, Scott E. Hardcore History: The Extremely Unauthorized Story of the ECW. Champaign, Illinois: Sports Publishing L.L.C., 2006. (pg. 226) ISBN 1-59670-021-1
- Wojcik, Alan (2003-05-08). "Steve Corino". Interviews. WrestlingClothesline.com. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Booking News On Test, Mike Posey, Sweeney & Anderson". Wrestlezone.com. 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- "Biography". Steve The Brawler Lawler's Bio. SteveTheBrawlerLawler.com. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Tate, Rich (2005-10-20). "Tribute to Sean Evans Planned". News and Notes. GeorgiaWrestlingHistory.com. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Weird Occurrences and Gimmicks". Wrestling X-Files. The Wrestling Textbook. 2001. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Molinaro, John F. Top 100 Pro Wrestlers of All Time. Etobicoke, Ontario: Winding Stair, 2002. (pg. 107) ISBN 1-55366-305-5
- Webb, Tedd (2000). "Wrestling Hall of Fame: Dusty Rhodes". TeddWebb.com. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- Tate, Rich (2008-07-11). "Tribute to Sean Evans Planned". News and Notes. GeorgiaWrestlingHistory.com. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- Martin, Adam (2008-07-12). "'Georgia Wrestling History' for July 11, WrestleJam on August 2 + DSW". Georgia Wrestling News, Notes and Nostalgia. Wrestleview.com. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- Turnbuckle Entertainment (Producer) (2001-02-17). TCW 2/17/01 Winchester, TN (VHS). Winchester, Tennessee: RF Video.
- Turnbuckle Entertainment (Producer) (2001-02-18). TCW 2/18/01 Carrollton, GA (VHS). Carrollton, Georgia: RF Video.
- Mooneyham, Mike (2001-04-01). "To The Victor Goes The Spoils". MikeMooneyham.com. Retrieved 2009-09-14.[dead link]
- Mooneyham, Mike (2001-04-08). "Flair Ponders Own Promotion". MikeMooneyham.com. Retrieved 2009-09-14.[dead link]
- Monroe, Matt; Potts, Tony (2001-06-18). "Indy News: LWF, IWA, PCW, FSW, APW, and more". LordsOfPain.net. Retrieved 2009-09-14.[dead link]
- Glavin, Chris; Klemme, Josh; Klemme, Randy; Jackson, Amber; Larance, John (2001). "Upcoming Shows". USA Independent Wrestling. IndyRasslin.com. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- Oliver, Greg (2001-08-03). "SLAM! Wrestling: Dustin Rhodes back in the saddle". SLAM! Wrestling Bios. SLAM! Sports. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- Niblett, Kyle (2001-08-19). "Indy News: NWA, SECW, SCW, MCW, AWF, HOPW, LAW, and more!". LordsOfPain.net. Retrieved 14 September 2009.[dead link]
- Turnbuckle Entertainment (Producer) (2003-05-15). TCW Halloween Horror Slam I (VHS). United States: RF Video.
- Palma, Richard (2002). "NWA World Tag Team Title History". Solie's Title Histories.
- Martin, Calvin; Wlen, Jeff (2001-12-29). "Turnbuckle Championship Wrestling Results from Deland, Florida 12-28-01". LordsOfPain.net. Retrieved 2009-09-14.[dead link]
- Martin, Adam (2008-02-08). "Georgia Wrestling History for Feb. 7, and Dory Funk Jr. & Antonio Inoki". Wrestleview.com. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- "Career Highlights". DustinRunnels.com. May 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- "Today in Wrestling History, 3/1: First-Ever Slammys on MTV, More". ImpactWrestling.co. 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- Middleton, Marc (2009-03-01). "Today in Wrestling History - 3/1". Wrestlenewz.com. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- Sibley, Dave (2003). "July Guests". Paul Finebaum Radio Network. Finebaum.com. Retrieved 2009-09-14.[dead link]
- Westcott, Brian; Richard Palma (2002). "TCW Heavyweight Title History". Solie's Title Histories.
- Westcott, Brian; Richard Palma (2002). "TCW Hardcore Title History". Solie's Title Histories.
- Palma, Richard (2002). "TCW Tag Team Title History". Solie's Title Histories.
- Rhodes, Dusty and Howard Brody. Dusty: Reflections of an American Dream. Champaign, Illinois: Sports Publishing LLC, 2005. ISBN 1-58261-907-7