Turner, Maine

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Turner, Maine
Town
Location of Turner (in yellow) in Androscoggin County and the state of Maine
Location of Turner (in yellow) in Androscoggin County and the state of Maine
Coordinates: 44°16′1″N 70°14′44″W / 44.26694°N 70.24556°W / 44.26694; -70.24556
Country United States
State Maine
County Androscoggin
Incorporated 1786
Area[1]
 • Total 62.72 sq mi (162.44 km2)
 • Land 59.26 sq mi (153.48 km2)
 • Water 3.46 sq mi (8.96 km2)
Elevation 417 ft (127 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 5,734
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 5,732
 • Density 96.8/sq mi (37.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 04282-04283
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-77800
GNIS feature ID 0582770

Turner is a town in Androscoggin County, Maine, United States. The population was 5,734 at the 2010 census. Turner includes the villages of Turner Center and North Turner. The town is part of the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan New England City and Town Area.

History[edit]

First called Sylvester-Canada, the township was granted by the Massachusetts General Court on June 20, 1768 to Major James Warren and others, survivors of Captain Joseph Sylvester's company for their services in the 1690 Battle of Quebec. It replaced a 1735 grant of the same name located at what is now Richmond, New Hampshire, but which was ruled invalid in 1741 because of prior clams from the heirs of John Mason. Reverend Charles Turner of Scituate, Massachusetts, acted as an agent for the dispossessed grantees, and would become the first minister of their new town.

It was settled in 1772 by Daniel Staples, Thomas Record, Elisha Record, Joseph Leavitt and Abner Phillips.[4] Many of the first settlers came from Pembroke, Massachusetts, where most of the proprietors of Sylvester-Canada resided.[5] Nearly all the early settlers came from towns which had sprung up around Plymouth, Massachusetts, including the Leavitt family,[6] descendants of Deacon John Leavitt of Old Ship Church in Hingham, Massachusetts, and the Bradford family, descendants of Governor William Bradford of the Plymouth Colony.[7] Following the Revolutionary War, settlement began to pick up, and by 1784 the expanding village had 30 families. Incorporated on July 7, 1786, Sylvester-Canada was renamed for Reverend Turner.

It was primarily a farming town producing corn and apples, but with exceptional water power sites on the Nezinscot River. Here, Samuel Blake built in 1775 the first mill, both a sawmill and gristmill, although it was destroyed by the great freshet of 1785. It was rebuilt the next season. There were 5 sawmills and 3 gristmills in the community when a fire destroyed those at Turner Village in 1856. They were replaced, and by 1886, industries included not only sawmills and gristmills but a box factory, carriage factory, shoe factory, tannery, paper pulp mill, cheese factory, fulling mill and pottery factory.

Flooding on the Androscoggin River, Turner, 1896

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 62.72 square miles (162.44 km2), of which 59.26 square miles (153.48 km2) is land and 3.46 square miles (8.96 km2) is water.[1] Turner is drained by the Nezinscot River, Martin's Stream and the Androscoggin River, which forms the town's border to the east.

The town is crossed by state routes 4, 117 and 219. It borders the towns of Hartford, Buckfield and Hebron to the west, Livermore to the north, and Minot and Auburn to the south, and Greene and Leeds to the southwest.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Turner has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[8]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 5,734 people, 2,193 households, and 1,641 families residing in the town. The population density was 96.8 inhabitants per square mile (37.4 /km2). There were 2,481 housing units at an average density of 41.9 per square mile (16.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.8% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 2,193 households of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.2% were non-families. 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the town was 41.1 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 31.9% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 4,972 people, 1,768 households, and 1,393 families residing in the town. The population density was 83.5 people per square mile (32.2/km²). There were 1,977 housing units at an average density of 33.2 per square mile (12.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.78% White, 0.10% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.78% of the population.

There were 1,768 households out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.0% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,207, and the median income for a family was $52,241. Males had a median income of $34,917 versus $24,975 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,439. About 2.6% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Leavitt Institute, first secondary school in Turner. Replaced by Leavitt Area High School

Leavitt Area High School

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • History of Turner, Maine (1886)
  • A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England, 1859; H. O. Houghton & Company, printers; Cambridge, Massachusetts

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°15′23″N 70°15′22″W / 44.25639°N 70.25611°W / 44.25639; -70.25611