Turner Field

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This article is about the baseball stadium. For the United States Marine Corps airfield known by this name, see Marine Corps Air Facility Quantico.
Turner Field
The Ted
NLE-ATL-Turner.PNG
Turner Field 2013.jpg
Turner Field
Former names Centennial Olympic Stadium (1996)
Location 755 Hank Aaron Drive
Atlanta, Georgia 30315
Coordinates 33°44′7″N 84°23′22″W / 33.73528°N 84.38944°W / 33.73528; -84.38944Coordinates: 33°44′7″N 84°23′22″W / 33.73528°N 84.38944°W / 33.73528; -84.38944
Public transit Hank Aaron Drive @ Ralph D Abernathy Boulevard
Owner Atlanta-Fulton County Recreation Authority
Operator Atlanta National League Baseball Club Inc.
Capacity 49,586[1]
Record attendance 54,357
Field size Left Field – 335 ft (102 m)
Left-Center – 380 ft (116 m)
Center Field – 401 ft (122 m)
Right-Center – 390 ft (119 m)
Right Field – 330 ft (100.5 m)
Backstop – 43 ft (13 m)
Surface GN-1 Bermuda Grass
Construction
Broke ground July 10, 1993 (for Centennial Olympic Stadium)
Opened March 29, 1997 (baseball)
Construction cost $209 Million[2]
($314 million in 2014 dollars[3])
Architect Atlanta Stadium Design Team (a joint venture of Heery International, Inc., Rosser International, Inc., Williams-Russell and Johnson, Inc. and Ellerbe Becket, Inc.)[4]
Project manager Barton Malow
Structural engineer Thornton Tomasetti
General contractor Atlanta Stadium Constructors (a joint venture of Beers Construction Co., HJ Russell Construction Co. and CD Moody Construction Co.)[5]
Tenants
Atlanta Braves (MLB) (1997–present)

Turner Field is a baseball park located in Atlanta, Georgia. Since 1997, it has served as the home ballpark to the Atlanta Braves of Major League Baseball (MLB). Originally built as Centennial Olympic Stadium in 1996 to serve as the centerpiece of the 1996 Summer Olympics, the stadium was converted into a baseball park to serve as the new home of the franchise. The Braves moved less than one block from Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium, their home ballpark from 1966 to 1996.

Opening during the Braves' "division dominance" years, Turner Field has hosted the National League Division Series a total of eleven times (1997–2005, 2010, 2013); it has also hosted the National League Championship Series four times (1997–1999, 2001), as well as one World Series (1999), one NL Wild Card Game (2012), and the 2000 Major League Baseball All-Star Game.

On November 11, 2013, the Braves announced that they would vacate Turner Field for a new stadium in Cobb County, in the northwest suburbs outside of Atlanta. This was prompted by the expiration of the lease (in 2016) allowing the Braves to play in Turner Field. The new stadium, to be named SunTrust Park, will be constructed in a public/private partnership.[6] Atlanta mayor Kasim Reed announced that the Turner Field site would be redeveloped once the Braves vacate the stadium.[7]

History[edit]

The ballpark was built across the street from the former home of the Braves, Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium, which was demolished in the summer of 1997 and replaced with a parking lot. The parking lot is painted with the field location and configuration of the old ballpark. The section of the outfield wall with the monument marking where Hank Aaron's 715th home run went over it was reinstalled in its original location, and still stands today. From 2002 to 2004, the failed Fanplex entertainment center was located adjacent to the stadium's parking lot. The stadium contains 5,372 club seats, 64 luxury suites, and three party suites.

The most popular name choice among Atlanta residents for the new stadium at the time of its construction (according to a poll in The Atlanta Journal-Constitution) was Hank Aaron Stadium.[8] After the ballpark was instead named after Ted Turner, the city of Atlanta renamed the section of Capitol Avenue on which the stadium sits Hank Aaron Drive, giving Turner Field the street number 755, after Aaron's home run total.

1996 Summer Olympics[edit]

The stadium was originally constructed as the 85,000-seat Centennial Olympic Stadium and used for the 1996 Summer Olympics. Immediately after the 1996 Summer Paralympics, which followed the Olympics, much of the north end of the stadium was removed in order to convert it to its permanent use as a 49,000-seat baseball park. The stadium has hosted the Atlanta Braves of Major League Baseball since 1997, following a multimillion-dollar renovation to retrofit the stadium for baseball by removing the temporary stands that had made up nearly half the stadium and building the outfield stands and other attractions behind them.

After the 1996 Olympics were complete the stadium was leased by the Atlanta Braves. Private entities, including NBC and other Olympic sponsors, agreed to pay a large sum of the cost to build Centennial Olympic Stadium (approximately $170 million of the $209 million bill). The Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games (ACOG) sought to build the stadium in a way that it could be converted to a new baseball stadium, and ACOG paid for the conversion.[2] This was considered a good agreement for both the Olympic Committee and the Braves. The 71,228 seat Georgia Dome had been completed four years earlier by the state of Georgia, so there was no need for another large stadium in downtown Atlanta. Furthermore, the Braves had already been exploring opportunities for a new stadium. The Atlanta Fulton County Recreation Authority owns Turner Field and leases it to the Braves, who operate the stadium. The current lease runs through 2016.[9]

Because of the need to fit a track within the stadium in its earlier incarnation, the field of play, particularly foul territory, while not large by historical standards, is still larger than most new MLB stadiums. The fence line around the north main entrance, beyond left field, marks the original extent of Centennial Olympic Stadium.

Replacement[edit]

Turner Field is a relatively new facility, being younger than 14 of Major League Baseball's other 29 stadiums.[10] However, the Braves executives have complained that its downtown location restricts game attendance because of traffic into the city and a shortage of on-site parking. The stadium is three-quarters of a mile from the nearest Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) stop, and many fans were unwilling to brave Atlanta's infamous congestion to attend games; plus, the team could not secure more parking spaces.[11] In addition, team VP for business operations Mike Plant said the site "doesn't match up with where the majority of our fans come from", as the stadium is near some of Atlanta's poorest neighborhoods.[10][12] Plant also said that while the Braves operate Turner Field, they have no control over the commercial development around the stadium. Other stadiums built in recent years have been accompanied by shopping and entertainment facilities in the surrounding area.[13]

According to Braves team president John Schuerholz, Turner Field requires $150 million in renovation costs merely for structural upkeep (i.e., not for fan experience improvements). He estimated that fan improvement renovations would cost an additional $200 million.[11] The Braves were in talks in 2013 with the Recreational Authority over extending the team's original lease, Plant said, but those talks broke down. Atlanta mayor Kasim Reed said the city could not afford to support the kind of renovations the Braves desired.[13]

After negotiations broke down, the team is planning a new stadium, tentatively known as the New Atlanta Braves stadium. The stadium will be in southern Cobb County, with an Atlanta address, located "near the geographic center of the Braves' fan base."[14] The new stadium will be constructed in a public/private partnership.[15] The projected cost is $672 million.[11] It will occupy 15 acres (6.1 ha) of a 60-acre (24 ha) lot, with the remainder of the space devoted to parking, green space, and mixed-use development. The new stadium will be part of a 60-acre development near Cobb Galleria mall.[10][11] Although Cobb County is not presently served by MARTA, the Braves plan to use a "circulator" bus system to shuttle fans to and from the stadium.[13] The team estimates construction will begin in the second half of 2014.[16] The new stadium is expected to be completed by late January 2017; however, the Braves could exercise the option to extend their lease at Turner Field up to five years if the new stadium is not completed on schedule.[17]

Between April and May 2014, Georgia State University officials expressed an interest in buying Turner Field and retrofitting it as a new open-air stadium for the school's football games. New development, including retail, residential and student housing, would also be put into use on the Turner Field site. Additionally, the former Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium site would be used as a new baseball field, incorporating the outfield wall where Hank Aaron hit his record-breaking 715th home run. While Mayor Reed stated that the Georgia State plan was his preferred plan, at least three offers from other developers were up for consideration.[18]

Description[edit]

Seating capacity[edit]

  • 85,000 (1996 Olympics)
  • 50,528 (1997)
  • 49,714 (1998–2000)
  • 50,096 (2001–2007)
  • 49,743 (2008–2010)
  • 49,586 (2011–present)
  • 56,790 (2013–present)

Comparison with Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium[edit]

Characteristic Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium Turner Field
Opening Day April 9, 1965 April 4, 1997
Capacity 52,769 49,586
Distance from Home Plate to:  
Backstop 59 feet 9 inches (18 m) 43 feet 0 inches (13 m)
Left Field 330 feet 0 inches (100 m) 335 feet 0 inches (100 m)
Left Center 385 feet 0 inches (120 m) 380 feet 0 inches (120 m)
Center Field 402 feet 0 inches (120 m) 400 feet 0 inches (120 m)
Right Center 385 feet 0 inches (120 m) 390 feet 0 inches (120 m)
Right Field 330 feet 0 inches (100 m) 330 feet 0 inches (100 m)

Stadium firsts[edit]

The first game played at Turner Field was an exhibition game against the New York Yankees on March 29, 1997; Braves starter Tom Glavine threw the first pitch, a swinging fastball strike, to Yankees shortstop Derek Jeter and the Braves won the exhibition game 2–0.[19] The first regular season game played at Turner Field was on April 4, 1997. The Braves were losing 4–3 in the eighth inning when Chipper Jones drove in the tying run. A Michael Tucker single gave the Braves the lead as they won their first regular season game at Turner Field 5–4.[20]

The first postseason game played at Turner Field was also during the 1997 season between the Braves and the Houston Astros in the National League Division Series. Starting pitcher Greg Maddux pitched a complete game, giving up only one run and leading the Braves to a 2–1 victory.[21] Following a sweep of the Astros, the Braves went on to the National League Championship Series, where Tom Glavine picked up the first NLCS win at Turner Field; however, the Braves lost to the eventual-World Series-champion Florida Marlins.[22]

The first World Series game ever played at Turner Field was Game 1 of the 1999 World Series, where the starting pitcher Maddux and the Braves were defeated 4–1 by the New York Yankees' Orlando Hernández and series MVP Mariano Rivera; the Braves went on to lose the series by a four-game sweep.[23] The only Major League Baseball All-Star Game ever to be played at Turner Field was in 2000. Atlanta's Chipper Jones hit the lone home run in the game, and Braves outfielder Andruw Jones drove in a run as the National League was defeated 6–3.[24]

Turner Field was also home to the first NL Wild Card Game in 2012 between the Braves and St. Louis Cardinals. The Braves were behind 6–3 in the bottom of the eighth inning when Andrelton Simmons hit a fly ball to left field that dropped in between Cardinals shortstop Pete Kozma and left fielder Matt Holliday. Umpire Sam Holbrook called Simmons out, citing the infield fly rule. Had an infield fly not been called, Simmons would have been credited with a single and Atlanta would have had the bases loaded with one out. Fans at Turner Field began to litter the field with debris, prompting the game to be delayed for 19 minutes. The Braves lost the game 6–3, ending their season.[25]

Statistic Regular season Postseason
First game April 4, 1997
Braves 5, Cubs 4
September 30, 1997
Braves 2, Astros 1
Ceremonial First Pitch Ted Turner Ernie Johnson, Jr.
First pitch Denny Neagle Greg Maddux
First batter Brian McRae (Cubs) Craig Biggio (Astros)
First hit Chipper Jones Kenny Lofton
First home run Michael Tucker Ryan Klesko
First win Brad Clontz Greg Maddux
First save Mark Wohlers Robb Nen (Marlins)

Renovations[edit]

Braves Home Attendance at Turner Field
Season Attendance Avg./Game Rank
1997 3,464,488 42,771 2nd
1998 3,360,860 41,492 3rd
1999 3,284,897 40,554 2nd
2000 3,234,304 39,930 4th
2001 2,823,530 34,858 6th
2002 2,603,484 32,142 8th
2003 2,401,084 30,393 7th
2004 2,327,565 29,399 10th
2005 2,521,167 31,126 10th
2006 2,550,524 31,488 9th
2007 2,745,207 33,891 10th
2008 2,532,834 31,270 10th
2009 2,373,631 29,304 10th
2010 2,510,119 30,989 9th
2011 2,372,940 30,037 8th
2012 2,420,171 29,879 8th
2013 2,548,679 31,465 8th
Source:[26]

Significant renovations to the stadium were put into place for the 2005 season. Among the improvements was installation of a $10 million video display, which was at the time listed by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's largest high definition video board.[27] Since then, other stadiums including Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium in Austin, Texas, the current Yankee Stadium in The Bronx and a horse track in Tokyo have installed larger boards. The current world record is the high-definition video board at Charlotte Motor Speedway.

Other renovations in that year included the addition of a 1,080 foot (329 meter) long LED display to the stadium's upper deck, primarily for advertising purposes.

Turner Field's left field vista is dominated by advertising fixtures from two iconic Atlanta corporations. In 2009, a new large Coca-Cola bottle was installed behind left field. Replacing an earlier version made of various pieces of baseball equipment, the new bottle features a HD display around the label, as well as LED lighting. Next to this second iteration of Turner Field's Coca-Cola bottle is a 40-foot (12 m) Chick-fil-A cow, added in 2008. Wearing a Braves hat, the cow does the tomahawk chop along with fans while holding a sign with rotating slogans which tie in to the fast-food chain's successful "Eat Mor Chikin" advertising campaign.[28]

Major League Baseball stadium records[edit]

The highest recorded attendance for a playoff game, and overall, is 54,357 and was set on October 5, 2003, against the Chicago Cubs.[29] The number includes standing room tickets.

The longest game by time, and in Braves history, was played on July 26–27, 2011 between the Braves and the Pittsburgh Pirates. The game lasted 6 hours and 39 minutes with the Braves winning controversially 4–3 in 19 innings. The Braves' previous longest game by time was 6:10 against the Mets on July 4, 1985, at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. [30]

The most runs scored by either team in a single inning is ten, set on October 5, 2001 between the Braves and the Florida Marlins. The record was set in the first inning of the game. The Braves won the game 20–3.[31]

Features[edit]

Premium seating/suites[edit]

Inside the Braves dugout

Turner Field consists of multiple premium seating areas and suites. The SunTrust Club is named for the bank holding company headquartered in Atlanta and is reserved for official partners and luxury clients of the ballpark. This $6 million addition was completed in 2008 and its 143 premium seats are just 43 feet from home plate, closer than seats in any other MLB ballpark (and closer to home plate than the pitcher's mound).[32] SunTrust Club members also have access to an exclusive club area located under the Hank Aaron Seats (Section 101) that consists of free food and drinks for club members.[33] The club area features a waitstaff that caters to club members in their seats during the games. Members may choose to watch the games from their reserved seats, or they may watch from inside the club itself on high definition televisions.

The 755 Club (named in honor of Hank Aaron's home run record) is the stadium's predominant suite location. The club is a 24,000 square feet (2,200 m2) area of space rented for special events and parties; individual suites are rented for individual games or for the entire season.[34] The Delta Sky 360 Lounge was added in 2010 and is located behind the 755 Club suites on the second level of the ballpark. The lounge may only be accessed by members of the 755 Club. The lounge consists of multiple premium eateries not found in the rest of the ballpark.[35] Other Delta Sky 360 Lounges can be found at Yankee Stadium and Citi Field.[36][37]

Turner Field also features the Georgia's Own Credit Union Club and Superior Plumbing Club, consisting of 152 collective premium seats located directly adjacent to each side of the press box. The original club, sponsored by Georgia's Own Credit Union and featuring 80 seats, was added to the ballpark for the 2012 season and also contains multiple upscale dining options and in-seat food and beverage services. Instead of stadium seats, patrons face the field in chairs around semicircular tables.[38] A slightly-smaller second section, sponsored by Superior Plumbing and featuring 72 seats, was added for the 2013 season on the opposite side of the press area.[39] The Club Level is another indoor premium concourse level located on the second deck of the ballpark. This level features multiple VIP suites that may be purchased for individual games and used for party-style affairs, among other events.[40] The Club Level currently has no title sponsor; in previous years, the Club Level has been known as the Lexus Level and Golden Moon Casino Level.

Other areas and features[edit]

View from the outfield.
  • Coca-Cola Sky Field: Along the Left Field Corner of the Upper Level and sponsored by Atlanta-based Coca-Cola, Sky Field is a large standing room area from which fans can view the game. The area contains a base path which kids can run during the games, as well as an unobstructed view of the downtown Atlanta skyline and the former Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium site. Rising above Sky Field is a giant Coca-Cola Bottle. The original bottle was designed and outfitted with baseball equipment; however, a new modern "glass" bottle featuring a video screen serving as the bottle's label replaced the original during the 2009 season.[41] Many of the pieces of the original bottle are now on display at the World of Coca-Cola in Atlanta.
  • Scouts Alley: Along the field level under the left field seating area, Scout's Alley is an area featuring interactive baseball-themed games targeted at younger fans.Games include pitching cages and batting cages. Balloon and face-painting artists are also located along Scout's Alley. Most attractions require additional payment by tokens, which can be purchased at kiosks within Scouts Alley.
    Scouts Alley is located beneath the stadium's left field seating area.
  • Ivan Allen Jr. Braves Museum and Hall of Fame: Located along the northwest side at Aisle 134 and serves as the franchise's main museum. Admission to the museum and hall of fame can be purchased at the Braves ticket window.[42] It is open year-round, and serves as the starting and ending point for stadium tours, which are offered to the public on dates when the stadium is dormant and on mornings preceding night games. While the stadium is in use, the museum is featured as a Scout's Alley attraction, and is open to game ticket holders for an additional fee (paid in Scouts Alley tokens).
  • Fan Plaza: Fan Plaza (sometimes called Grand Entry Plaza) serves as the primary entrance and exit to the park, and is the hub of pregame and postgame activity at Turner Field. The Plaza is located directly behind centerfield and the jumbotron. The area features the Majestic Clubhouse Store, as well as multiple dining options and drink stands, and the Taco Mac Family Zone (a children's interactive area). The radio pregame and postgame show broadcast location is also located on the Plaza. Prior to select home games, live music is performed in this area.
  • Monument Grove: Located outside the gates of the ballpark, but inside the gated perimeter, near the ticket windows, is Monument Grove. Monument Grove features statues of Braves legends Hank Aaron and Phil Niekro (as well as Georgia native Ty Cobb), the "Full Count" sculpture, a bust of Aaron, as well as the six-foot high team baseballs originally used to celebrate the 2000 All Star Game. Every Braves player with a retired number (plus Jackie Robinson) is honored with a large sculpture of the number fashioned after the font used during that player's era. The Braves Walk Of Fame is also housed here, as is the exterior entrance to the Ivan Allen Jr. Braves Museum and Hall of Fame.
  • Braves Chop House: The Braves Chop House is a casual dining restaurant located behind the right-center field seats. Each table in the restaurant is placed to provide a view of the field. On the roof of the Braves Chop House is the Budweiser Pavilion party deck.
  • Skyline Tickets: Located on each end of the upper level (along the third base line in section 422L, and above right field in section 437R), the Skyline seats are available for purchase for $1 each, and go on sale at the Turner Field ticket windows two-and-a-half hours before gametime. There is a strict policy of one ticket per person, and entry to the stadium is required immediately after purchase, in an effort to prevent ticket scalping.[43] The price of Skyline Tickets has remained $1 each since the stadium opened in 1997.

Access and transportation[edit]

The fence over which Hank Aaron hit his 715th career home run still exists outside of a Turner Field parking lot.

Turner Field is located in the Southeastern Atlanta neighborhood of Summerhill.[44] It is located on Hank Aaron Drive, which provides multiple parking areas including the Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium site which was converted into a parking lot.

Turner Field is also accessible from multiple bus routes near the stadium courtesy of MARTA. MARTA does not offer a direct rail station at Turner Field, however it may be accessed from the Georgia State station on the Blue/Green Line.[45] MARTA also offers a shuttle from Underground Atlanta to Turner Field.[46]

Additional events[edit]

Since 1997, Turner Field has also been used as a concert venue, with capacity of up to 60,000. Among the performers who have performed at the stadium have included the Dave Matthews Band, Eminem, Paul McCartney and The Rolling Stones.[47][48]

Since 2003, the NCAA baseball teams of Georgia Tech and the University of Georgia, which had previously played two games on each school's campus, replaced one of the home and home pairs in favor of a third game at Turner Field. This rivalry game at Turner Field is one of the most attended games in college baseball, with the 2004 game drawing 28,836—larger than that year's College World Series games. Proceeds from this annual match benefit Children's Healthcare of Atlanta.[49]

The stadium has been used as a central location in many films and television series, including Flight, The Change-Up, Trouble with the Curve and the nineteenth season of The Amazing Race, where it took place outside of the stadium.[50][51][52]

Panoramas[edit]

Retired numbers[edit]

Retired numbers (removed prior to the 2013 season and replaced with markers along the terraces)

There are eleven retired numbers on display at Turner Field. The numbers are on display at the Monument Grove section of the ballpark, as well as on display inside the actual stadium. From the time of its opening in 1997 until the 2012 season, the retired numbers were commemorated by the number as pictured below hanging from the facade in left field. These were removed for the 2013 season and replaced with a modern representation of the player's first name followed by their number and last name (such as Dale 3 Murphy), which are located on the left and right sides of the club level.

Braves retired numbers
Number Player Position Braves Years Date Retired
3 Murphy, DaleDale Murphy OF 1976–1990 June 19, 1994
6 Cox, BobbyBobby Cox M 1978–1981, 1990–2010 August 12, 2011
10 Jones, ChipperChipper Jones 3B, LF 1993–2012 June 28, 2013
21 Spahn, WarrenWarren Spahn P 1942, 1946–1964 December 11, 1965
29 Smoltz, JohnJohn Smoltz P 1988–1999, 2001–2008 June 8, 2012
31 Maddux, GregGreg Maddux P 1993–2003 July 17, 2009
35 Niekro, PhilPhil Niekro P 1964–1983, 1987 August 6, 1984
41 Mathews, EddieEddie Mathews 3B, M 1952–1966 (player); 1972–1974 (manager) July 26, 1969
42 Robinson, JackieJackie Robinson Retired by Major League Baseball April 15, 1997
44 Aaron, HankHank Aaron OF 1954–1974 April 15, 1977
47 Glavine, TomTom Glavine P 1987–2002, 2008 August 6, 2010

Of the ten Braves whose numbers have been retired, seven (Spahn, Mathews, Aaron, Niekro, Cox, Maddux, and Glavine) have been elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame, while Smoltz and Jones are not yet eligible, and Murphy's eligibility expired without election.

Six of the eleven retired numbers at Turner Field (2013)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turner Field / Atlanta Braves – Ballpark Digest
  2. ^ a b Sandomir, Richard (July 30, 1996). "At Close of Games, Braves Will Move Into Olympic Stadium". The New York Times. Retrieved July 24, 2008. 
  3. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  4. ^ Turner Field architect: Ellerbe Becket official site
  5. ^ Ballparks.com – Turner Field
  6. ^ "The Braves are leaving Turner Field after the 2016 season". NBCSports.com. November 11, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  7. ^ Bluestein, Greg; Leslie, Katie (November 12, 2013). "Atlanta's Reed promises enormous middle-class development at Turner Field". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  8. ^ Lupica, Matt (2012-01-32). The Baseball Stadium Insider: A Comprehensive Dissection of All Thirty Ballparks, the Legendary Players, and the Memorable Moments. p. 320. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  9. ^ Kendrick, Scott. "Turner Field". About.com. The New York Times. Retrieved July 24, 2008. 
  10. ^ a b c [1]
  11. ^ a b c d "Braves plan to build new stadium in Cobb". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. November 11, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  12. ^ Galloway, Jim (November 14, 2012). "Watching the Falcons stadium debate, the Braves pursue something different". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c Henry, George (November 11, 2013). "Braves Planning New Suburban Stadium in 2017". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Home of the Braves » Overview". Home of the Braves. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  15. ^ "The Braves are leaving Turner Field after the 2016 season". NBCSports.com. November 11, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Braves leaving Turner Field, building new stadium in Cobb Co.". Fox 5 Atlanta. November 11, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  17. ^ Richards, Doug. "Braves could linger at Turner Field into 2017". 11Alive WXIA. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  18. ^ "Georgia State wants to turn Turner Field into football stadium". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. May 7, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Braves Open Park By Beating Yanks". Wire Reports. The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  20. ^ "Braves Rally in 8th To Christen Stadium". New York Times. 5 April 1997. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  21. ^ Schwartz, Jerry (1 October 1997). "Maddux Starts Off at His Best for Braves". New York Times. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  22. ^ "1997 League Championship Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  23. ^ "1999 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  24. ^ "All-Star Results - 2000". MLB.com. 
  25. ^ Rogers, Carroll (5 October 2012). "Braves fans react to controversial call". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  26. ^ "Atlanta Braves Attendance". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  27. ^ "Turner Field Stadium". MLB Baseball Teams.com. Archived from the original on May 30, 2008. Retrieved July 24, 2008. 
  28. ^ "New 40-Foot Cow Dominates Turner Field Landscape". New South Construction. Retrieved June 8, 2010. 
  29. ^ "2003 NL Division Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 24, 2008. 
  30. ^ "Julio Lugo ruled safe at home as Braves outlast Pirates in 19 innings". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011. 
  31. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/ATL/ATL200110050.shtml
  32. ^ Burke, Monte (5 May 2008). "Braves' New World". Forbes Magazine. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  33. ^ The Suntrust Club at Turner Field. braves.com. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
  34. ^ 755 Club @ Turner Field. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
  35. ^ "Delta adding lounge at Turner Field". Atlanta Business Chronicle. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  36. ^ Delta Sky 360 Lounge at Yankee Stadium. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
  37. ^ Citi Field Clubs. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
  38. ^ Schoolcraft, Lisa (6 January 2012). "Braves adding new club seats at Turner Field". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  39. ^ Muret, Don (3 December 2012). "Braves look to duplicate success of new club". Sports Business Daily. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  40. ^ Turner Field: Golden Moon & Casino Level. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
  41. ^ "Turner Field to get new giant Coke bottle". bizjournals.com. Atlanta Business Chronicle. June 15, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Museum and HOF". atlantabraves.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  43. ^ "Turner Field Information". atlantabraves.com. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  44. ^ "Summerhill: Neighborhood Boundaries". Organized Neighbors of Summerhill. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  45. ^ "MARTA to Turner Field". MARTAGuide.com. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  46. ^ "MARTA Braves Shuttle". itsmarta.com. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  47. ^ 6 Jun 2001: Dave Matthews Band at Turner Field. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
  48. ^ The Rolling Stones at Turner Field, Atlanta, GA. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
  49. ^ Tech-Georgia: Turner Field Game Information. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
  50. ^ Flight (2012) Filming Locations. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  51. ^ Eldredge, Richard L. (3 November 2010). "Turner Field readies for its close up as "The Change-Up" shoots baseball scene". Atlanta Magazine. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  52. ^ Scott, A. O. (20 September 2012). "‘Trouble With the Curve,’ With Clint Eastwood and Amy Adams". New York Times. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 

External links[edit]

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium
Home of the
Atlanta Braves

1997–present
Succeeded by
SunTrust Park (planned)
Preceded by
Fenway Park
Host of the
Major League Baseball All-Star Game

2000
Succeeded by
Safeco Field
Preceded by
Great American Ball Park
Host of the
Civil Rights Game

2011–2012
Succeeded by
U.S. Cellular Field