Turpan Prefecture

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Turpan Prefecture
吐鲁番地区 · تۇرپان ۋىلايىتى
Emin Minaret in Turpan, Turpan
Emin Minaret in Turpan, Turpan
Turpan Prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Turpan Prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
County-level divisions 3
Prefecture seat Turpan
Lowest elevation −154 m (−505 ft)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website Turpan Prefecture Government

Turpan Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 吐鲁番地区; traditional Chinese: 吐魯番地區; pinyin: Tulufán Dìqū; Uyghur: تۇرپان ۋىلايىتى‎, ULY: Turpan Wilayiti, UYY: Turpan Vilayiti?), also known as Turfan Prefecture or Tulufan Prefecture, is located in the east of Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. It has an area of 69,324 square kilometres (26,766 sq mi) and a population of 570,000 (2003).


According to the 2000 Census, of its inhabitants, 70.01% are Uyghur, 23.3% are Han, 6.38% are Hui, with the remainder belonging to other ethnicities.


Turpan has a harsh, drastic, cold desert climate (Köppen BWk), with long and very hot summers, winters that are quite cold but short, and brief spring and autumn in between. Annual precipitation is very low, amounting to only 15.7 millimetres (0.62 in) at Turpan City, where the monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −7.6 °C (18.3 °F) in January to 32.2 °C (90.0 °F) in July; the annual mean is 14.41 °C (57.9 °F); during the main summer months of June thru August, the area is on average the hottest nationally, as measured by daily maxima and the 24-hour average.[1] The hottest temperature in China, at 50.2 °C (122.4 °F), occurred at Ayding Lake.[2] With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 48% in December to 75% in September, sunshine is abundant and the city receives 2,912 hours of bright sunshine annually.


Turpan Prefecture directly controls 1 county-level city and 2 counties.

Turpan mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Turpan 吐鲁番市 Tǔlǔfān Shì تۇرپان شەھىرى Turpan Shehiri 273,385 13,690 19.96
2 Pichan County 鄯善县 Shànshàn Xiàn پىچان ناھىيىسى Pichan Nahiyisi 231,297 39,759 5.81
3 Toksun County 托克逊县 Tuōkèxùn Xiàn توقسۇن ناھىيىسى Toqsun Nahiyisi 118,221 16,171 7.31


Coordinates: 42°58′N 89°11′E / 42.967°N 89.183°E / 42.967; 89.183