Tursun Uljabayevich Uljabayev (Tajiki: Турсун Ӯлҷабоев) (1 May 1916- 31 May 1988) was First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan between May 24, 1956 and April 12, 1961. He was born 1 May 1916 in a Kishlak in Ghafurov District in the northern part of Sughd province, Tajikistan. In 1961 he was accused of falsifying official documents related to cotton production and expelled from the Communist Party. He went on to work as a farm director and retired in 1986. He died in Dushanbe on 31 May 1988.