Tuscaloosa County, Alabama

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Tuscaloosa County, Alabama
Tuscaloosa Court House.jpg
County Courthouse in Tuscaloosa
Map of Alabama highlighting Tuscaloosa County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 6, 1818[1]
Named for Tuskaloosa
Seat Tuscaloosa
Largest city Tuscaloosa
Area
 • Total 1,351 sq mi (3,499 km2)
 • Land 1,322 sq mi (3,424 km2)
 • Water 30 sq mi (78 km2), 2.2%
Population
 • (2010) 194,656
 • Density 147/sq mi (57/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.tuscco.com

Tuscaloosa County is a county in the U.S. state of Alabama.[1] As of the 2010 census, its population was 194,656.[2] Its county seat and largest city is Tuscaloosa, the former state capital from 1826 to 1845.[1][3] The county is named in honor of the pre-Choctaw chief Tuskaloosa.[1][4]

Tuscaloosa County is included in the Tuscaloosa, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The county is the home of the University of Alabama.

History[edit]

Tuscaloosa County was established on February 6, 1818. Tourist attractions include University of Alabama football, the Bear Bryant Museum, the Kentuck Art Festival, International City Fest, and Tuscaloosa Christmas Afloat.[1]

Principal agricultural products in Tuscaloosa County have included hay, corn, cotton, soybeans, wheat and snapdragons.[1] Major companies in the county have included JVC, Mercedes-Benz U.S. International, Uniroyal-Goodrich, and Phifer Inc.[1]

Tornado incidents[edit]

1998[edit]

On April 8, 1998, an F3 tornado struck northeast of Tuscaloosa. This windstorm injured two people and damaged five homes including mobile homes. It rotated seventeen miles (27 km) from Holman to north of Northport. Thirty-seven homes were also in destruction. Moments later, an F5 tornado struck northeastern Tuscaloosa near the Black Warrior River before entering western Jefferson County.

2011[edit]

On April 27, 2011, Tuscaloosa was hit by a half-mile (800 m) wide tornado that resulted in at least 44 deaths, over 1000 injuries, and massive devastation.[5][6] Officials at DCH Hospital (alone) in Tuscaloosa have reported treating more than 1000 injured people in the tornado aftermath.[7] Officials also stated that "more than 50 children arrived alone" at the hospital, raising questions about the possible loss of their parents, and 30 of these children have been transferred to pediatric trauma wards, indicating serious injuries.[7] Mayor Walter Maddox was quoted saying that "We have neighborhoods that have been basically removed from the map."[8]

On April 29, President Obama, upon touring the tornado damage in Tuscaloosa, said "I have never seen devastation like this".[9]

The tornado was part of the April 25–28, 2011 tornado outbreak.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,351 square miles (3,500 km2), of which 1,322 square miles (3,420 km2) is land and 30 square miles (78 km2) (2.2%) is water.[10] It is the second-largest county in Alabama by land area and third-largest by total area. It is located in the west central part of the state, in the region commonly known as West Alabama. The county straddles the boundary between the Appalachian Highlands and the Gulf Coastal Plain and consequently boasts a diverse geography.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Lake Tuscaloosa

Toll Roads/Bridges[edit]

Road Name S/W Terminus N/E Terminus Length Cash tolls (automobile) Notes
Black Warrior Parkway I-20.svgI-59.svg Tuscaloosa US 82.svg Northport 4.9 mi. $1.50

Rail[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 8,229
1830 13,646 65.8%
1840 16,583 21.5%
1850 18,056 8.9%
1860 23,200 28.5%
1870 20,081 −13.4%
1880 24,957 24.3%
1890 30,352 21.6%
1900 36,147 19.1%
1910 47,559 31.6%
1920 53,680 12.9%
1930 64,153 19.5%
1940 76,036 18.5%
1950 94,092 23.7%
1960 109,047 15.9%
1970 116,029 6.4%
1980 137,541 18.5%
1990 150,522 9.4%
2000 164,875 9.5%
2010 194,656 18.1%
Est. 2013 200,821 3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 164,875 people, 64,517 households, and 41,677 families residing in the county. The population density was 124 per square mile (48 persons/km2). The population core of the county lies in Tuscaloosa-Northport conurbation (including Coaling, Coker, and Holt CDP). The combined 2000 Census population of this area (not including their undesignated suburban census areas) is 103,367, accounting for 62.7% of the county in population, while only accounting for 6.9% in area. Consequently, the population density of the central population core is 1,137 persons per square mile (439 persons/km2), while the density of the county outside the central population core is only 44 persons per square mile (17 persons/km2).

There were 71,429 housing units at an average density of 54 per square mile (21/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.12% White, 29.31% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Nearly 1.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the 2000 census the largest ancestry groups in Tuscaloosa County were: 31.2% English, 29.31% African, 8.9% Irish, 7% German, 2.9% Scots-Irish and 2% Scottish.

There were 64,517 households, out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 47.20% were married couples living together, 14.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.40% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42, and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 16.50% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,436, and the median income for a family was $45,485. Males had a median income of $34,807 versus $24,128 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,998. About 11.30% of families and 17.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.50% of those under age 18 and 13.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The current District Court Judges are:

  • Judge Joel Chandler
  • Judge Jim Guin

The current Circuit Court Judges in no particular order are:

  • Judge W. Scott Donaldson
  • Judge M. Bradley Almond, Presiding Judge
  • Judge John H. England, Jr.
  • Judge James H. Roberts, Jr.
  • Judge Phillip N. Lisenby
  • Judge Elizabeth C. Hamner

The current Clerk of the Circuit Court is Magaria H. Bobo

The current Sheriff is Edmund M. "Ted" Sexton.

The chief law enforcement officer of Tuscaloosa County, which comprises the Sixth Judicial Circuit, is Lyn Head, District Attorney.

On the federal level, Tuscaloosa County is divided between the sixth and seventh congressional districts of Alabama, represented by Spencer Bachus (R) and Terri Sewell (D), respectively. It is also in the northern federal court district of Alabama.

Politics[edit]

Tuscaloosa County voted for John McCain over Barack Obama in the 2008 Election by a margin of 58-42%.[15]

Education[edit]

The Tuscaloosa County School System serves students in the county who live outside the city limits of Tuscaloosa. The system has been in operation since 1871. The system is managed by a Board of Education, composed 7 members elected by district by the voter of the county outside the limits of the city of Tuscaloosa, and a superintendent appointed by the board to manage the day-to-day operations of the system. In school year 2012-13 almost 18,000 students were enrolled by the system. There are 19 elementary schools, 8 middle schools, 6 high schools and the Tuscaloosa Regional Detention Center and Sprayberry Regional Educational Center for gifted and special needs children.

The Tuscaloosa City School System serves students who live in the city of Tuscaloosa.

Post secondary education is provided by the University of Alabama and Stillman College, both located in the city of Tuscaloosa and both being four year schools.

Constructions[edit]

The TV Alabama Tower and the WTTO Tower near Windham Springs are guyed TV masts. These are the tallest constructions in Tuscaloosa County.

Communities[edit]

note: populations are from 2010 Census unless noted

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-Tuscaloosa.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  5. ^ "Twister Outbreak is Second Deadliest in History", MSNBC, AP News & Reuters (jointly produced article), April 30, 2011, http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42834400/ns/weather/
  6. ^ "Tuscaloosa tornadoes: Death toll at 36, Mayor Walt Maddox says | al.com". Blog.al.com. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  7. ^ a b Reuters, http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/04/29/us-usa-weather-children-idUSTRE73S7MU20110429
  8. ^ "Twister debris searched; nearly 300 dead - Weather | NBC News". MSNBC. 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  9. ^ "President Obama, First Lady Tour Alabama Tornado Damage - ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  15. ^ http://philhardwickblog.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/2008_election_map-counties.jpg

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°12′24″N 87°32′05″W / 33.20654°N 87.534607°W / 33.20654; -87.534607