Tuskegee, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Tuskegee)
Jump to: navigation, search
"Tuskegee" redirects here. For other uses, see Tuskegee (disambiguation).
Tuskegee
City
The Macon County Courthouse in Tuskegee was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 17, 1987
The Macon County Courthouse in Tuskegee was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 17, 1987
Nickname(s): Thou Pride of the Swift Growing South
Location in Macon County and the state of Alabama
Location in Macon County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 32°25′53″N 85°42′24″W / 32.43139°N 85.70667°W / 32.43139; -85.70667
Country United States
State Alabama
County Macon
Government
 • Mayor Johnny Ford
Area
 • Total 15.7 sq mi (40.7 km2)
 • Land 15.5 sq mi (40.1 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 463 ft (141 m)
Population (2005)
 • Total 11,590
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 36083, 36087, 36088
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-77304
GNIS feature ID 0128211
Website http://www.tuskegeealabama.gov/

Tuskegee (/tʌsˈkɡ/[1]) is a city in Macon County, Alabama, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 11,846. Tuskegee has been an important site in various stages of African American history.

History[edit]

In 1881, Booker T. Washington founded the Tuskegee Normal School for Colored Teachers on a former plantation. It was later named the Tuskegee Institute and then Tuskegee University, with the mission of educating freedmen for self-sufficiency. It was the site of the now-infamous Tuskegee syphilis experiment

The university is a center of excellence for African-American education. The heart of the university has been designated a National Historic District and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. One of the most famous teachers at Tuskegee was George Washington Carver, whose name is synonymous with innovative research into Southern farming methods and products developed from a variety of crops. Tuskegee and Tuskegee Institute were also home to the famed Tuskegee Airmen, the first squadron of African-American pilots trained in the U.S. Military.

The town was the birthplace of Rosa Louise Parks in 1913; she became a civil rights activist in the 1950s. The city is the county seat of Macon County.

History of the name[edit]

Tuskegee, or Tuskigi, was the name of a tribal town of the Creek Indians. It was also the name of at least two Indian tribes, one living in central Alabama and the other in Tennessee.

Governance[edit]

Tuskegee has a council-manager government led by a four-member city council, a mayor, and an appointed city manager.

The city council acts as a legislative body of the city, passing laws and regulations and appointing citizens to the city's various boards. Each member of the city council is elected for a four-year term from one of three geographic districts. Tuskegee has one city council member that is elected at-large and serves as mayor-pro tem.

The mayor of Tuskegee is elected in the city at-large to a four-year term. The duties of the mayor are to promote the city, communicate with residents, and preside over City Council meetings. As such, the position of mayor in Tuskegee is primarily ceremonial.

Geography[edit]

Tuskegee is located at 32°25′53″N 85°42′24″W / 32.43139°N 85.70667°W / 32.43139; -85.70667 (32.431506, -85.706781).[2]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.7 square miles (41 km2). 15.5 square miles (40 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (1.53%) is water.

Attractions[edit]

Tuskegee has many places in which to find information. Downtown Tuskegee tells the history of Tuskegee/Macon County from the time of incorporation to the present. It also serves as the Tuskegee Visitor Center. For more information about visiting Tuskegee, stop by the Tuskegee Human & Civil Rights Multicultural Center.

Some Tuskegee Area attractions:

  • Tuskegee University/Tuskegee Institute Historic District [1]
  • Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site (including the Oaks and GWC Museum) [2]
  • Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site @ Historic Moton Field [3]
  • City of Tuskegee Historic District
  • The Tuskegee Human & Civil Rights Multicultural Center
  • Butler Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church [3]
  • Tuskegee Veterans Administration Medical Center [4]
  • Tuskegee National Forest [4]
  • The Tuskegee Repertory Theatre/Jessie Clinton Arts Center [5]
  • Tuskegee City Lake
  • Kirks Old Farm Museum
  • Victoryland Greyhound Park[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,370
1890 1,803 −23.9%
1900 2,170 20.4%
1910 2,803 29.2%
1920 2,475 −11.7%
1930 3,314 33.9%
1940 3,937 18.8%
1950 6,712 70.5%
1960 1,750 −73.9%
1970 11,028 530.2%
1980 13,327 20.8%
1990 12,257 −8.0%
2000 11,846 −3.4%
2010 9,865 −16.7%
Est. 2013 9,035 −8.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2013 Estimate[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 11,846 people, 4,169 households, and 2,326 families residing in the city. The population density was 765.7 people per square mile (295.7/km²). There were 5,101 housing units at an average density of 329.7 per square mile (127.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.48% Black or African American, 2.59% White, 0.19% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 0.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,169 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 22.6% were married couples living together, 29.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.2% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 25.4% from 18 to 24, 19.9% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 80.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $18,889, and the median income for a family was $26,862. Males had a median income of $23,333 versus $22,951 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,340. About 30.0% of families and 35.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.1% of those under age 18 and 26.3% of those age 65 or over.

Media[edit]

Tuskegee has one weekly newspaper, The Tuskegee News, which has been operated since 1865.[8]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See "Pronunciation of Tuskegee." thefreedictionary.com.. Retrieved: 3 October 2010.
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ We Shall Overcome - Butler Chapel AME Zion Church. Cr.nps.gov (1957-06-25). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  4. ^ Central Alabama Veterans Health Care System East Campus - Locations. .va.gov. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ The Tuskegee News

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°25′53″N 85°42′24″W / 32.431506°N 85.706781°W / 32.431506; -85.706781