Tuskegee University

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Tuskegee University
Tuskegee University Seal
Motto Scientia Principatus Opera
Motto in English Knowledge, Leadership, Service
Established July 4, 1881
Type Private, HBCU
Endowment $122 Million (2012)
President Dr. Brian L. Johnson
Students 3,117 (2012)
Location Tuskegee, Alabama,
United States

32°25′48.76″N 85°42′27.81″W / 32.4302111°N 85.7077250°W / 32.4302111; -85.7077250
Campus Rural 5,000 Acres
Colors Crimson and Old Gold
         
Mascot Golden Tigers
Affiliations United Negro College Fund, SACS
Website

www.tuskegee.edu

www.nps.gov/tuin/
Tuskathletics.jpg

Tuskegee University is a private, historically black university located in Tuskegee, Alabama, USA; established by Booker T. Washington. The campus has been designated as the Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site, a National Historic Landmark. Tuskegee University's campus is the only school in the United States to hold this distinction. Tuskegee University is home to over 3,100 students from the U.S. & 30 foreign countries. Tuskegee University is ranked among the 2014 Best 378 Colleges & Universities by the Princeton Review & 5th among the 2014 U.S. News & World Report Best HBCU's.

The campus of Tuskegee University was designed by architect Robert R. Taylor the first African American to graduate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The university is home to the Tuskegee Airmen & Scientist George Washington Carver . Distinguished Alumni include Academy Award & Grammy winner Lionel Richie, Olympic Gold Medalist Alice Coachman, Congressman Alexander N. Green, Four Star General Daniel "Chappie" James Jr., Radio Host Tom Joyner, early aviator John Robinson, National Book Award Winner Ralph Ellison & Super Soaker Inventor Lonnie Johnson.

Academics[edit]

A view of the Tuskegee University campus - White Hall bell tower

The academic programs are organized into five Colleges and two Schools: : (1) The College of Agriculture, Environment and Nutrition Sciences; (2) The College of Arts and Sciences; (3) The Brimmer College of Business and Information Science; (4) The College of Engineering; (5) The College of Veterinary Medicine, Nursing and Allied Health; (6), The Taylor School of Architecture and Construction Science; and (7) The School of Education.

Tuskegee University offers 40 Bachelor's degree programs, 17 Master's degree programs, a 5-year accredited professional degree program in Architecture, 4 Ph.D degree programs, and the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. Tuskegee University is accredited with the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges to award Baccalaureate, Master's, Doctorate, and professional degrees. The following academic programs are accredited by national agencies: Architecture, Business, Education, Engineering, Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Nursing, Occupational Therapy, Social Work, and Veterinary Medicine.

Tuskegee University is the only Historically Black University to offer the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M.); its School of Veterinary Medicine was established in 1944. The school is fully accredited by the Council on Education of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA).

College of Veterinary Medicine - Fredrick D Patterson Hall
Tuskegee College of Veterinary Medicine new Teaching Hospital

Tuskegee University offers several Engineering degree programs all with ABET accreditation:

  • Bachelor of Science:

Aerospace Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering

  • Master of Science:

Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering

  • Doctor of Philosophy:

Materials Science and Engineering, Agricultural & Environmental Sciences Engineering

The Aerospace Science Engineering department was established in 1983. Tuskegee University is the first and only Historically Black University to offer an accredited B.S. degree in Aerospace Engineering. The Mechanical Engineering Department was established in 1954 and the Chemical Engineering Department began in 1977; The Department of Electrical Engineering is the largest of five departments within the College of Engineering. The program is accredited by EAC/ABET (Engineering Accreditation Commission/Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology) and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.

College of Engineering - Luther H. Foster Hall has long been home to one of the nation's best engineering programs containing: Aerospace Science Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Materials Science Engineering, Mechanical and Military Science

The Tuskegee University Andrew F. Brimmer College of Business and Information Science is fully accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB-International).

Tuskegee University's Andrew F. Brimmer College of Business and Information Sciences

The school of Nursing was established as the Tuskegee Institute Training School of Nurses and registered with the Alabama State board of Nursing, September 1892 under the auspices of the John A. Andrew Memorial Hospital. In 1948 the university began its baccalaureate program in Nursing; becoming the first nursing program in the state of Alabama. The Nursing department holds full accreditation from the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission and is approved by the Alabama State Board of Nursing.

Tuskegee University School of Nursing - Basil O'Connor Hall. Tuskegee Institute Training School of Nurses was registered with the State Board of Nursing in Alabama in September 1892 under the auspices of Tuskegee University's John A. Andrew Memorial Hospital. In 1948, the School began its baccalaureate program leading to the Bachelor of Science degree in Nursing. This program has the distinction of being the first Baccalaureate Nursing program in the State of Alabama.

The Occupational Therapy program is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE) of the American Occupational Therapy Association. The Clinical Laboratory Science Program is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences. (NAACLS)

Tuskegee University began offering certificates in Architecture under the Division of Mechanical Industries in 1893. The 4-year curriculum in architecture leading to the Bachelor of Science degree was initiated in 1957 and the professional 6-year program in 1965. The Robert R. Taylor School of Architecture offers two professional programs: Architecture, and Construction Science and Management. The 5-year Bachelor of Architecture program is fully accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB). Graduates of the program are qualified to become registered architects.

Robert R. Taylor School of Architecture and Construction Science is home to one of only 2 NAAB-accredited, architecture professional degree programs in the state of Alabama. It is also home to one of the top Construction Science and Management degree programs in the nation.

Rankings[edit]

  • Tuskegee is ranked the 5th "Best Regional College in the South" according to the 2013 U.S. News and World Reports Rankings[1]
  • Forbes Magazine ranks Tuskegee #6 for "Best Colleges for Women in STEM programs" and ranks Tuskegee among the "600 best colleges and universities" in the country.[2]
  • Tuskegee is ranked 2nd among baccalaureate colleges according to the Washington Monthly 2013 Rankings.

Schools and colleges[edit]

Graduate Degree Programs at Tuskegee University[edit]

Ph.D. Programs

Ph.D. in Agricultural & Environmental Sciences Engineering

Ph.D. in Integrative Biosciences

Ph.D. in Materials Science & Engineering

Ph.D. in Interdisciplinary Pathobiology

D.V.M. Program

D.V.M. in Veterinary Medicine

M.A. Programs

M.A. in Educational Psychology & Counseling

M.S. Programs

M.S. in Agricultural & Research Economics

M.S. in Animal Sciences

M.S. in Biology

M.S. in Chemistry

M.S. in Chemical Engineering

M.S. in Electrical Engineering

M.S. in Environmental Sciences

M.S. in Food and Nutritional Sciences

M.S. in Materials Science & Engineering

M.P.H. (Master of Public Health)

M.S. in Mechanical Engineering

M.S. in Occupational Therapy

M.S. in Plant and Soil Sciences

M.S. in Public Health (MSPH)

M.S. in Tropical Animal Health

M.S. in Veterinary Sciences

Graduate Studies and Research

National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care[edit]

National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care is the nation's first bioethics center devoted to engaging the sciences, humanities, law and religious faiths in the exploration of the core moral issues which underlie research and medical treatment of African Americans and other under-served people. The official launching of the Center took place two years after President Bill Clinton's apology to the nation, the survivors of the Syphilis Study, Tuskegee University, and Tuskegee/Macon County, Alabama for the U.S. Public Health Service medical experiment (1932–1972), where 399 poor—and mostly illiterate—African American sharecroppers became part of a study on non-treating and natural history of syphilis.[3]

History[edit]

Planning and establishment[edit]

History class at Tuskegee, 1902

The school was founded on July 4, 1881 as the Tuskegee Normal School for Colored Teachers. It was part of the expansion of institutions of higher education for blacks in the South following the American Civil War, many founded by the northern American Missionary Association. A teachers' school was the dream of Lewis Adams, a former slave, and George W. Campbell, a former slaveholder, who shared a commitment to education of blacks. Despite lacking formal education, Adams could read, write and speak several languages. He was an experienced tinsmith, harness-maker and shoemaker and Prince Hall Freemason, an acknowledged leader of the African-American community in Macon County, Alabama.

Adams and Campbell had secured $2,000 from the State of Alabama for teachers' salaries but nothing for land, buildings, or equipment. Adams, Thomas B. Dryer, and M.B. Swanson formed Tuskegee's first board of commissioners. They wrote to the Hampton Institute, a historically black college in Virginia, asking the school for a recommendation for their new school. Samuel C. Armstrong, the Hampton Principal and a former Union general, recommended the 25 year-old Booker T. Washington, an alumnus and teacher at Hampton.

The young principal began classes for his new school in a run-down church and shanty. The following year in 1882, Washington bought a plantation, and over the years, the new campus buildings were constructed there, usually by students as part of their work-study. By the start of the 20th century, the university had almost 2300 acres.[4]

Based on his experience at the Hampton Institute, Washington intended to train students in skills, morals and religious life. Washington urged the teachers he trained "to return to the plantation districts and show the people there how to put new energy and new ideas into farming as well as into the intellectual and moral and religious life of the people."[5] Washington's second wife Olivia A. Davidson, was instrumental to the success and helped raise funds for the school/[6]

Gradually he developed a rural extension program, to take progressive ideas and training to those who could not come to the campus. Tuskegee alumni founded smaller schools and colleges throughout the South, and continued to stress teacher training.

Booker T. Washington's leadership[edit]

The Oaks, Booker T. Washington's home on the Tuskegee campus, c. 1906
Presidents of Tuskegee University
Dr. Booker T. Washington 1881–1915
Dr. Robert Moton 1915–1935
Dr. Frederick Patterson 1935–1953
Dr. Luther Foster, Jr. 1953–1981
Dr. Benjamin Payton 1981–2010
Dr. Charlotte P. Morris 2010 Interim President – November 1, 2010
Dr. Gilbert L. Rochon 2010 – 2013
Dr. Matthew Jenkins 2013 Acting President – June 15, 2014
Dr. Brian L. Johnson 2014 – present

A freed man, Washington sought a formal education and worked his way through Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute (now Hampton University) and attended college at Wayland Seminary in Washington, DC (now Virginia Union University). He returned to Hampton as a teacher. Hired at Tuskegee, the new normal school (for the training of teachers) opened on July 4, 1881 in space borrowed from a church. The following year, Washington bought the grounds of a former plantation and over decades built the institute there. It has been designated a National Historic Landmark.

The school expressed Washington's dedication to the pursuit of self-reliance. In addition to training teachers, he also taught the practical skills needed for his students to succeed at farming or other trades typical of the rural South, where most of them came from. He wanted his students to see labor as practical, but also as beautiful and dignified. As part of their work-study programs, students constructed most of the new buildings. Many students earned all or part of their expenses through the construction, agricultural, and domestic work associated with the campus, as they reared livestock and raised crops, as well as producing other goods.

The continuing expansion of black education took place against a background of increased violence against blacks in the South after white Democrats regained power in state governments and imposed white supremacy in society. They instituted legal racial segregation and a variety of Jim Crow laws, after disfranchising most blacks by constitutional amendments and electoral rules from 1890–1964. Against this background, Washington's vision, as expressed in his "Atlanta Compromise" speech, became controversial and was challenged by new leaders, such as W.E.B. Du Bois, who argued that blacks should have opportunities for study in classical academic programs, as well as vocational institutes. He envisioned the rise of the "Talented Tenth" to lead African Americans.

Washington gradually attracted notable scholars to Tuskegee, including the botanist George Washington Carver, one of the university's most renowned professors.

1881–1900[edit]

Perceived as a spokesman for black "industrial" education, Washington developed a network of wealthy American philanthropists who donated to the school, such as Andrew Carnegie, Collis P. Huntington, John D. Rockefeller, Henry Huttleston Rogers, George Eastman, and Elizabeth Milbank Anderson. An early champion of the concept of matching funds, Henry Rogers was a major anonymous contributor to Tuskegee and dozens of other black schools for more than 15 years.

Thanks to recruitment efforts on the island and contacts with the U.S. military, Tuskeegee had a particularly large population of Afro-Cuban students during these years. Following small-scale recruitments prior to the 1898-99 school year, the university quickly gained popularity among ambitious Afro-Cubans. In the first three decades of the school’s existence, dozens of Afro-Cubans enrolled at Tuskegee each year, becoming the largest population of foreign students at the school.[7]

1900–1915[edit]

Washington developed a major relationship with Julius Rosenwald, a self-made man who rose to the top of Sears, Roebuck and Company in Chicago, Illinois. He had long been concerned about the lack of educational resources for blacks, especially in the South. After meeting with Washington, Rosenwald agreed to serve on Tuskegee's Board of Directors. He also worked with Washington to stimulate funding to train teachers' schools such as Tuskegee and Hampton institutes.

Beginning with a pilot program in 1912, Rosenwald created model rural schools and stimulated construction of new schools across the South. Tuskegee architects developed the model plans, and some students helped build the schools. Rosenwald created a fund but required communities to raise matching funds, to encourage local collaboration between blacks and whites. Rosenwald and Washington stimulated the construction and operation of more than 5,000 small community schools and supporting resources for the education of blacks throughout the rural the South into the 1930s.

Despite his travels and widespread work, Washington continued as principal of Tuskegee. Concerned about the educator's health, Rosenwald encouraged him to slow his pace. In 1915, Washington died at the age of 59, as a result of congestive heart failure. At his death, Tuskegee's endowment exceeded US$1.5 million. He was buried on the campus near the chapel.

Tuskegee campus, 1916
Tuskegee campus, 1916

1915–1940[edit]

Tuskegee Institute, c. 1916

The years after World War I challenged the basis of the Tuskegee Institute. Teaching was still seen as a critical calling, but southern society was changing rapidly. Attracted by the growth of industrial jobs in the North, including the rapid expansion of the Pennsylvania Railroad, and suffering job losses because of the boll weevil and increasing mechanization of agriculture, hundreds of thousands of rural blacks moved from the South to Northern and Midwestern industrial cities in the Great Migration. A total of 1.5 million moved during this period. In the South, industrialization was occurring in cities such as Birmingham, Alabama and other booming areas. The programs at Tuskegee, based on an agricultural economy, had to change. During and after World War II, migration to the North continued, with California added as a destination because of its defense industries. A total of 5 million blacks moved out of the South from 1940–1970.

World War II and after[edit]

Tuskegee University Chapel (1969)

In 1941, in an effort to train black aviators, the U.S. Army Air Corps established a training program at Tuskegee Institute, using Moton Field, about 4 miles (6.4 km) away from the campus center. The graduates became known as the Tuskegee Airmen. The Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site at Moton Field was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. Army, Air Force, and Navy have R.O.T.C. programs on campus today.

Numerous presidents have visited Tuskegee, including Franklin D. Roosevelt. Eleanor Roosevelt was also interested in the Institute and its aeronautical school. In 1941 she visited Tuskegee Army Air Field and worked to have African Americans get the chance as pilots in the military. She corresponded with F.D. Patterson, the third president of the Tuskegee Institute, and frequently lent her support to programs.[8]

The notable architect Paul Rudolph was commissioned in 1958 to produce a new campus master plan. In 1960 he was awarded, along with the partnership of John A. Welch and Louis Fry, the commission for a new chapel, perhaps the most significant modern building constructed in Alabama.

The postwar decades were a time of continued expansion for Tuskegee, which added new programs and departments, adding graduate programs in several fields to reflect the rise of professional studies. For example, its School of Veterinary Medicine was added in 1944. Mechanical Engineering was added in 1953, and a four-year program in Architecture in 1957, with a six-year program in 1965. In 1985, Tuskegee Institute achieved university status and was renamed Tuskegee University.

Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site[edit]

Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
Tuskegee University is located in Alabama
Tuskegee University
Nearest city Tuskegee, Alabama
Coordinates 32°25′49″N 85°42′28″W / 32.43028°N 85.70778°W / 32.43028; -85.70778Coordinates: 32°25′49″N 85°42′28″W / 32.43028°N 85.70778°W / 32.43028; -85.70778
Built 1882
Architect Robert Robinson Taylor
Architectural style Greek Revival, Queen Anne
Governing body NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
NRHP Reference # 66000151
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[9]
Designated NHL June 23, 1965[10]

In 1965 Tuskegee University was declared a National Historic Landmark for the significance of its academic programs, its role in higher education for African- Americans, and its status in United States history.[10] Congress authorized the establishment of the Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site.

The National Historic Site includes The Oaks, Booker T. Washington's home and the George Washington Carver Museum. As the landmark designation did not define a limited area, the district is believed to have included the entire Tuskegee University campus at the time.[11] Points of "special historic interest," noted in the landmark description include:[11]

The Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site is at Moton Field, in Tuskegee, Alabama.

Legacy[edit]

Built in 1857, Grey Columns now serves as the home of the president of Tuskegee University. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 11, 1980.

The Tuskegee Institute commissioned a documentary about the college for use as a marketing tool and to preserve memories of Washington. A Tuskegee Pilgrimage, was a collection of interviews with faculty and students. It was produced by Robert Levy, who in 1922[when?] had made an independent documentary about Washington, titled The Leader of His Race.

Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site

Before 1940, African Americans were barred from flying for the U.S. military. Civil rights organizations and the black press exerted pressure that resulted in the formation of an all African-American pursuit squadron based in Tuskegee, Alabama, in 1941. They became known as the Tuskegee Airmen.

The military selected Tuskegee Institute (Tuskegee University) to train pilots because of its commitment to aeronautical training. Tuskegee had the facilities, and engineering and technical instructors, as well as a climate for year round flying. The first Civilian Pilot Training Program students completed their instruction in May 1940. The Tuskegee program was then expanded and became the center for African-American aviation during World War II.

The Tuskegee Airmen overcame segregation and prejudice to become one of the most highly respected fighter groups of World War II. Moton Field was the only primary flight facility for African-American pilot candidates in the U.S. Army Air Corps (Army Air Forces) during World War II. It was named for Robert Russa Moton, second president of Tuskegee Institute.

Established on November 6, 1998, the National Historic Site was placed on the National Register of Historic Places the same day.

Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site

Athletics[edit]

The Tuskegee "Golden Tigers" are the athletic teams of "Tuskegee University". The Golden Tigers are a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division II and compete within the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (SIAC). The university has a total of 10 varsity sports teams, five men's teams and five women's teams. They have earned numerous titles competing in NCAA Division II's SIAC. Tuskegee Football competed in the NCAA Division II Championship Playoffs during the 2013 NCAA Division II football season. Tuskegee's Men's Basketball won the 2014 SIAC Championship and the 2014 NCAA Division South Region Championship. The Golden Tigers also made it to the Elite Eight during the 2014 NCAA Men's Division II Basketball Tournament. Tuskegee's Women's Softball won the 2014 SIAC Championship.

The Tuskegee Department of Athletics sponsors the following sports:

Football[edit]

The prominence of Tuskegee University football is longstanding. Among its records include: 29 SIAC championships (the most in SIAC history). As of 2013 the Golden Tigers continue to be the most successful HBCU in the history of college football with 652 wins.

In 2013 Tuskegee opted not to renew its contract to face rival Alabama State University (Division I FCS) in the Turkey Day Classic, the oldest black college football classic in the country. Instead, after going 10-2 the Golden Tigers made their first playoff appearance in school history for the 2013 NCAA Division II Football Championship. They have qualified in the past but, did not participated due to the Turkey Day Classic. Tuskegee competed against the University of North Alabama in the first round of the playoffs. North Alabama held off Tuskegee in the fourth quarter as the Lions picked up a 30-27 win.

History

First Year of Football: 1894

HBCU National Championships: 8

National Football League Draft Picks: 23

Last SIAC Championship: 2012

Free agents about: 40 in the NFL, CFL and Arena Football League

Current NFL players: Dimitri Patterson with the Miami Dolphins and Drayton Florence, Jr. with the Carolina Panthers

Tuskegee University's historic Cleveland Leigh Abbott Memorial Alumni Stadium. Ground breaking exercises for Cleve L. Abbott Memorial Alumni Stadium (formerly Alumni Bowl) at Tuskegee University was held on Saturday morning, August 21, 1924. The stadium was the first of its kind to be built at any HBCU in the south. The first game was played in Abbott Memorial Alumni Stadium on October 10, 1925.

Baseball[edit]

Tuskegee Baseball, in the Spring of 2013, played in SIAC Championship for first time since 1989 led by Head baseball coach Montressa Kirby, along with assistant coaches Reginald Hollins and Wyndal Henry. Stillman College won the 2013 SIAC Baseball Tournament for the sixth time in seven years after defeating the Golden Tigers 12-6.

The baseball program has won thirteen SIAC championships and has produced several professional players, including big-leaguers Leon Wagner, Ken Howell, Alan Mills and Roy Lee Jackson.

Basketball[edit]

Men's Basketball

As of August 8, 2014 Jerry Dunn is the head coach of the Tuskegee Golden Tigers Men's Basketball.[12]

The Golden Tigers finished the 2012-13 season with a 15-13 record.

Women's Basketball

The Tigerettes finished the 2012-13 season with a 19-6 record.

Tuskegee University's General Daniel "Chappie" James Center arena. (Daniel "Chappie" James Center for Aerospace Science and Health Education)
Tuskegee University's General Daniel "Chappie" James Center arena

Track and Field[edit]

Track began (Men and Women) at Tuskegee in 1916. The first Tuskegee Relays and Meet was held on May 7, 1927 it was the oldest African American relays. Cleve Abbott entered the first all-Black Women's Track and Field Team in the National Women's Amateur Athletic Association Track and Field Meet in 1936.

Tuskegee's Alice Coachman was the first African American woman to win an Olympic gold medal in any sport. In 1948 Olympic Games in London, Coachman won an Olympic gold medal in the high jump with a jump of 5’6-1/8”. She also won the AAU high jump title for 10 consecutive years. Alice Coachman became the first African American woman athletic champion (1952) to sign a product endorsement for a multinational corporation, Coca-Cola. In 1975 Alice Coachman (Davis) was inducted into the National Track and Field Hall of Fame.

Mabel Walker Thornton earned a spot on the 1948 U.S. Olympic team that competed in London for the 100-yard dash and the first leg of the 440-yard relay team. Mabel Walker Thornton was enshrined in the Mobile (Alabama) Sports Hall of Fame in May 2010.

Mildred McDaniel Singleton, one of the world's top female athletes of the 1950s. She ran track and played basketball at the Tuskegee Institute (University). Singleton was the U.S. women’s high jump champion in 1953, 1955 and 1956, and the indoor champion in 1955 and 1956. At the 1955 Pan American Games, she won the high jump with a meet record. Singleton won a gold medal in the high jump at the 1956 Olympics in Melbourne, Australia. Singleton jumped 5 feet, 9 inches to win the gold and establish a world record. In 1983 she was enshrined in the National Track and Field Hall of Fame. She was also inducted into the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame and the Helms Hall of Fame in Los Angeles.

Dr. Nell Jackson served the sport as both a coach and an administrator. In 1956, she became the first African American female to coach an Olympic Team, and she later served as vice president and as secretary of The Athletics Congress (forerunner to USATF). As a student at Tuskegee University (Tuskegee Institute) from 1947-1951, Jackson was a member of the 1948 Olympic Team and also competed in the first Pan-American Games in 1951, taking second in the 200m and running on the winning sprint relay. She also set an American record of 24.2 seconds in the 200m in 1949 and won two national titles in 1950: in the 200m (over Stella Walsh), and as the anchor on Tuskegee’s winning 4x100m relay.

Jackson returned to her alma mater, Tuskegee, in 1953 as women’s track & field coach. Her coaching talents were not limited to track & field – she also was the first men’s swimming coach at Tuskegee, starting the program in 1958. She later coached at Iowa, Illinois State, Illinois, and Michigan State. At Illinois, she coached the Illini to a national team championship in the 1970 outdoor season. Jackson coached fellow USTFCCCA Hall of Famer Barbara Jacket at Tuskegee University, and one of her pupils at Michigan State was Karen Dennis, current women’s coach at The Ohio State University.

Jackson also served as an assistant athletic director at Michigan State University, and when she retired from full-time coaching in 1981, she accepted a position as director of physical education and intercollegiate athletics and professor in the department of physical education at the State University of New York at Binghamton. In 1956 and 1972, Jackson served as the U.S. Olympic Team’s women’s head coach; she was the first African American to be named head coach of a U.S. Olympic Track & Field Team, men’s or women’s. Her ties to track & field administration went even further than these coaching assignments. From 1979-88, she served as an officer of TAC; she also worked with both the U.S. Olympic Committee and the IAAF.

Jackson is honored in several Halls of Fame, among them the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Hall of Fame, the USATF Hall of Fame, and the International Women’s Sports Hall of Fame. Several awards are also given each year in her honor, including awards given by the National Association of Collegiate Women Athletic Administrators, by Michigan State’s Varsity Alumni 'S' Club, and by Binghamton University. She is a U.S. Track & Field and Cross Country Coaches Association Special Inductee Hall of Fame and Michigan State University Athletics Hall of Fame Class of 2010 Source: U.S. Track & Field and Cross Country Coaches Association

After Barbara J. Jacket graduating from Tuskegee in 1958, Jacket's achievements were almost too numerous to mention. Her 1965 to 1991 teams claimed 8 National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) outdoor titles and 2 indoor titles; won national titles in the Association of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women and the U.S. Track and Field Federation; won 8 Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC) cross country titles, 9 indoor titles and 5 outdoor SWAC titles in track and field.

Jacket was named Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC) Coach of the Year on 23 occasions and NAIA Coach of the Year 5 times. Her teams won 23 SWAC championships, and Jacket tutored 57 All-Americans. In 1990, she became the only women athletic director in the SWAC when she was named to the position at Prairie View A&M University.

Jacket retired as head coach of women's track and field at Prairie View A&M University in 1991 to devote more time to the Olympics. As coach of the 1992 U.S. Women's Olympic Track Team during the Olympics which ran from July 25-August 9 in Barcelona, Spain, Ms. Jacket had the enviable task of coaching such greats as long jumper Jackie Joyner-Kersee and sprinters Gwen Torrence, Gail Devers, and Evelyn Ashford. The Women's team won overall 4 Gold Medals, 3 Silver Medals, and 3 Bronze Medals more than any team since 1956. She was the 2nd African American woman to coach an Olympic team; the first was her track coach at Tuskegee, Dr. Nell Jackson, who coached the Olympic games in 1956.

Iram D. Lewis, a Tuskegee graduate of architecture, competed on the 4×100-meter relay team at the Central American and Caribbean (CAC) Championships in 1993, World Championships in 1995 for the Bahamas.

Lewis would go on to compete in the Games of the XXVI Olympiad of Atlanta in 1996 for the Bahamas in the Men's 4 × 100 meters relay.

Lewis also competed in the Games of the XXVII Olympiad of Sydney in 2000 for the Bahamas in the Men's 4 × 100 meters relay all representing his country.

The Tuskegee University Kellogg Hotel & Conference Center[edit]

The Tuskegee University Kellogg Hotel & Conference Center

The Kellogg Hotel & Conference Center was established in 1994 on the campus of Tuskegee University by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation . The Kellogg Conference Center offers state-of-the-art multimedia meeting rooms, as well as a 300-seat auditorium and a ballroom that accommodates up to 350 guests. Students studying Hospitality Management within the Andrew F. Brimmer College of Business and Information Science & Dietetics students within the Department of Food and Nutrition Science are able to receive hands on experience at the Kellogg Hotel & Conference Center. The Kellogg Hotel & Conference Center is the only center at a Historically Black University, there are only 11 worldwide. Other Kellogg Conference Centers in the United States are located at: Michigan State University, Gallaudet University and the California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona).

Student Organizations[edit]

  • SGA
  • Golden Voices Choir
  • Marching Crimson Piper Band

Tuskegee University's marching band is the oldest of all HBCU marching bands beginning in 1894.

Notable faculty and staff[edit]

Name Department Notability Reference
George Washington Carver African American scientist, botanist, educator, and inventor whose studies and teaching revolutionized agriculture in the Southern United States.
General Daniel "Chappie" James Fighter pilot in the U.S. Air Force, who in 1975 became the first African American to reach the rank of four star General.
Robert Robinson Taylor First African American graduate of MIT, Architect for most of the Tuskegee campus buildings and founder of trades programs. Also served as second in command to Tuskegee's founder and first President, Dr. Booker T. Washington.
Lamina Sankoh Early Sierra Leonean nationalist politician who taught at Tuskegee in the late 1920s
Booker T. Washington Appointed President for 1881–1915 First Principal of the University [13]
Josephine Turpin Washington Mathematics 1886 Howard University alumni, early writer on civil rights topics [14]


Notable alumni[edit]

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)
Robert Beck 1970s writer Iceberg Slim
Amelia Boynton Robinson 1927 International Civil and Human Rights Activist who was the first woman from Alabama to run United States Congress in 1964 (affectionately known as "Queen Mother Amelia")
William A. Campbell 1937 a member of the Tuskegee Airmen who rose to the rank of Colonel
Charles William Carpenter 1909 Baptist minister and Civil Rights activist
Alice Marie Coachman 1942 American athlete who specialized in high jump, and was the first black woman to win an Olympic gold medal
The Commodores 70s R&B band that met while attending Tuskegee
George Williamson Crawford Lawyer and city official in New Haven, Connecticut [15]
Leon Crenshaw former NFL player
General Oliver W. Dillard retired Army major general, Silver Star recipient in Korea - 1950
Ralph Ellison Scholar, Author of Invisible Man
Milton C. Davis 1971 lawyer who researched and advocated for the pardon of Clarence Norris, the last surviving Scottsboro Boy
Vera King Farris 1959 President of Richard Stockton College of New Jersey from 1983–2003 [16]
Drayton Florence Current NFL defensive back
Isaac Fisher educator, taught at Hampton University and Fisk University
Admiral Mack C. Gaston 1964 U.S. Navy 31 years. Surface War Officer, commanded two ships. [17]
Alexander N. Green U.S. Representative from Texas's 9th congressional district
Harold Michael Harvey 1973 Scholar, lawyer, journalist, American Pundit Prize winner, author of "Paper Puzzle" [18]
Alexander N. Green U.S. Representative from Texas's 9th congressional district
Marvalene Hughes president of Dillard University
General Daniel "Chappie" James 1942 US Air Force Fighter pilot, who in 1975 became the first African American to reach the rank of four star General.
Lonnie Johnson (inventor) Inventor of the Super Soaker and former NASA aerospace engineer
Ken Jordan former NFL player
Tom Joyner 1971 American radio host whose daily program, The Tom Joyner Morning Show, is syndicated across the United States and heard by over 10 million radio listeners.
John A. Lankford 20th Century Architect
Marion Mann 1940 Former Dean of the College of Medicine at Howard University and US Army Brigadier General (retired)
Claude McKay 1912 Jamaican writer and poet, Harlem Renaissance
Leo Morton 1968 Chancellor, University of Missouri at Kansas City
Albert Murray 1939 Literary and jazz critic, novelist and biographer
Ray Nagin 1978 Former mayor of New Orleans, Louisiana
Gertrude Nelson 1929 Military, civilian, and American Red Cross nurse and college administrator from Louisiana
Dimitri Patterson Current NFL player
Dr. Dorothy Richey 1965 First woman appointed head of athletics at a Co-educational College or University in the United States at Chicago State University in 1975 [19]
Dr. Ptolemy A. Reid 1955 Prime Minister of Guyana (1980–1984)
Lionel Richie R&B singer, Grammy Award winner
Lawrence E. Roberts a member of the Tuskegee Airmen and a colonel in The United States Air Force
John Robinson (aviator) early aviator and colonel in the Imperial Ethiopian Air Force against Fascist Italy during WWII
George C. Royal 1943 microbiologist who is currently professor emeritus at Howard University
Roderick Royal President of the Birmingham City Council
Herman J. Russell 1953 Founder and former President & CEO of H. J. Russell Construction Co., the largest minority owned construction company in the nation
Betty Shabazz wife of Malcolm X
Jake Simmons Jr. 1919 Oil broker and civil rights advocate
Danielle Spencer Television actress, best known as Dee from the 1970s TV show, What's Happening!!
McCants Stewart 1896 lawyer, first African-American to practice law in Oregon
Frank Walker Current NFL defensive back
Keenen Ivory Wayans Actor, comedian and television producer
Jack Whitten abstract painter
Dr. David Wilson president of Morgan State University
Roosevelt Williams (gridiron football) 2000 former NFL player on the Chicago Bears, Cleveland Browns, New York Jets
Ken Woodard former NFL player
Elizabeth Evelyn Wright educator and humanitarian, founder of Voorhees College
Dr. St. Aubyn Bartlett 1989 State Minister Ministry of National Security (Jamaica) June 2011 – November 2011 [20]
Nick J. Mosby 2002 Baltimore City Councilman

Tuskegee University campus[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Best Regional Colleges USNWR". Colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  2. ^ Doss, Natalie (2010-12-15). "Best Colleges for Women and Minorities in STEM". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  3. ^ "Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care". 
  4. ^ Thomas, Grace Powers (1898). Where to educate, 1898-1899. A guide to the best private schools, higher institutions of learning, etc., in the United States. Boston: Brown and Company. p. 5. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  5. ^ Washington, Booker (1995). Up From Slavery. Dover. p. 127. 
  6. ^ "Olivia Davidson Washington." Notable Black American Women. Gale, 1992. Biography In Context. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.
  7. ^ Guridy, Frank. Forging Diaspora: Afro-Cubans and African Americans in a World of Empire and Jim Crow. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.
  8. ^ "The Tuskegee Airmen and Eleanor Roosevelt". Archived from the original on 2008-06-25. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  10. ^ a b "Tuskegee Institute". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-28. 
  11. ^ a b Horace J. Sheely, Jr. (1965-03-01) National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings: Tuskegee Institute, National Park Service and Accompanying 20 or so photos, undated.
  12. ^ Former Big Ten head coach and NBA assistant coach to lead Tuskegee University’s basketball program
  13. ^ http://www.tuskegee.edu/Global/story.asp?S=1070392&nav=menu200_2
  14. ^ Penn. The Afro-American Press and Its Editors, 1891, pp.393-396 Retrieved December 4, 2013
  15. ^ "George W. Crawford Black Bar Association". Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  16. ^ "Vera King Farris, Stockton college's longest-serving president, dies after short illness - pressofAtlanticCity.com: Education". pressofAtlanticCity.com. 2009-11-29. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  17. ^ "The Oral History of Rear Admiral Mack C. Gaston - U.S. Navy (retired)" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  18. ^ "Paper Puzzle". Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  19. ^ Ebony - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  20. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]