Tutrakan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tutrakan
Тутракан
Memorial of the Tutrakan battle in the Military cemetery of Tutrakan
Memorial of the Tutrakan battle in the Military cemetery of Tutrakan
Coat of arms of Tutrakan
Coat of arms
Tutrakan is located in Bulgaria
Tutrakan
Tutrakan
Location of Tutrakan
Coordinates: 44°3′N 26°37′E / 44.050°N 26.617°E / 44.050; 26.617
Country Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Silistra
Government
 • Mayor Georgi Georgiev
Elevation 107 m (351 ft)
Population (31.12.2009)[1]
 • Total 9,476
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 7600
Area code(s) 0857

Coordinates: 44°3′N 26°37′E / 44.050°N 26.617°E / 44.050; 26.617

Tutrakan (Bulgarian: Тутракан, Romanian: Тurtucaia, Turkish: Turtukai) is a town in northeastern Bulgaria, an administrative centre of the homonymous municipality, part of Silistra Province. It is situated on the right bank of the Danube opposite the Romanian town of Oltenița (to which it is linked through a ferry), in the very west of Southern Dobruja, 58 km east of Rousse and 62 km west of Silistra. As of December 2009, the town has a population of 9,476 inhabitants.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

The town was founded by the Ancient Romans in the end of the first half of the 1st century under the name Transmarisca. The settlement was part of the Roman military boundary in the 1st and 3rd century and reached its apogee in the 4th century, when, under the personal management of Diocletian, it was made one of the largest strongholds of the Danubian limes.

The ancient town and fortress were destroyed in the beginning of the 7th century and the modern town carrying its present name emerged in the end of the century, remaining a military centre through the Middle Ages as part of the Bulgarian Empire, which was conquered by the Ottomans in the late 14th century.

Tutrakan was liberated from Ottoman rule during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 by Russians to become part of the Kingdom of Bulgaria. After the Second Balkan War, it was incorporated, along with all of Southern Dobruja, in Romania until 1940, when the pre-World War II Treaty of Craiova returned the territory to Bulgaria.

During World War I, the town, then part of Romania, was the site of the important Battle of Tutrakan during which Bulgarian and German Central Powers forces defeated the Romanian forces.

Today it remains a vibrant fishing village, and the historic Fisherman's Quarter continues to attract tourists, bicyclists, boaters and artists.

Geography[edit]

Population[edit]

Tutrakan
Year 1887 1910 1934 1946 1956 1965 1975 1985 1992 2001 2011
Population no data no data no data 7,183 9,592 9,926 11,425 12,119 11,573 10,322  ??
Highest number ?? in ??
Sources: National Statistical Institute,[1] „citypopulation.de“,[2] „pop-stat.mashke.org“,[3] Bulgarian Academy of Sciences[4]

Honour[edit]

Tutrakan Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Tutrakan.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]