Tuxedomoon live in 2007
|Origin||San Francisco, California|
|Genres||Experimental, post-punk, New Wave|
|Members||Blaine L. Reininger
Luc Van Lieshout
|Past members||Winston Tong
Tuxedomoon is an experimental, post-punk, New Wave band from San Francisco, California, United States. The band formed in the late 1970s at the beginning of the punk rock movement. Pulling influence from punk and electronic music, the group, originally consisting of Steve Brown and Blaine L. Reininger, used electronic violins, guitars, screaming vocals and synthesizers to develop a unique "cabaret no-wave" sound. Bassist Peter Principle joined the band and in 1979 they released their single, "No Tears," which remains a post-punk cult classic today. That year they signed to Ralph Records and released their first album, Half-Mute. Eventually Tuxedomoon relocated to Europe. The band separated in the early 1990s, only to reunite later that decade. They have remained together since, releasing their latest album, Vapour Trails, in 2007.
In 1977, Tuxedomoon formed out of Angels of Light, an artist collective and commune, a group in which Steve Brown was involved. He met Blaine L. Reininger in an electronic music class at San Francisco City College. Brown worked with Tommy Tadlock, of the Angels of Light, to create the final project of the class. Tadlock would go on to be Tuxedomoon's manager. Reininger and Brown started playing music together at Tadlock's house. Reininger played electronic violin and guitar. Tadlock assisted with the sound and audio. He also created tools for the band, including a "Treatment Mountain," which was a pyramid made of plywood which held all of Reininger's effects pedals.
They started playing music together in the mid-1970s, when punk rock became popular in the underground music scene. "The only rule was the tacit understanding that anything that sounded like anyone else was taboo," stated Brown on the band aiming the create music that sounded unlike anything else before. The vocals were screaming and inspired by punk rock, and the band used any instruments they had around, including saxophones and a polymoog synthesizer. The band had no drummer. During their early gigs audience members threw beer bottles at them. Bassist Peter Principle, performance artist Winston Tong and Bruce Geduldig, a filmmaker, joined the band during concerts. The band created new performances for each concert, creating theatrical performances and being described as "theatrical electronic cabaret." The band performed frequently with Pere Ubu, The Residents, Devoas, and Cabaret Voltaire.
In 1979 they released the EP No Tears, with the single "No Tears." The single is described as "one of the best electro-punk hymns of all times." That year they also signed to Ralph Records. That label released their debut album, Half-Mute, in 1980.
In 1980 the band released their first album, Half-Mute, on Ralph Records. The album is named after film director James Whale. The band toured Europe in 1980 and moved to New York City. While in New York, they performed in, and were featured on the soundtrack for the film Downtown 81. They gained popularity in the Netherlands and Belgium. They eventually relocated to Brussels. Trumpet player Luc van Lieshout joined the band. In 1987, the band performed on the soundtrack for the Wim Wenders film, Wings of Desire. Tuxedomoon played in Athens, Greece, for the first time on December 1987, selling out the Pallas Theatre twice in one night.
In the early 1990s, the band separated and did not reunite for approximately eight years. Tuxedomoon reunited to perform at the Next Festival in Tel Aviv. The band hadn't played together in eight years, when Brown called the members to come together for the concert. They rehearsed in a studio for 10 days, in Tel Aviv, before the concert. Brown credits the Next Festival concert as being the key event in reuniting the band.
Tuxedomoon performed in 2000, playing acoustic and electronic concerts of previously recorded material.
Their 2004 album, Cabin in the Sky, would serve as their comeback record. The majority of the record is instrumental. Reininger's voice, which was compared to David Bowie's during Tuxedomoon's early career, has been described as evolving into "Tom Waits" and a wolf from Tex Avery's "Baron Brown," by music critic Rod Smith. Filmmaker Bruce Geduldig performs backup vocals on the album.
In 2006 the band released Bardo Hotel' on Crammed Discs. Recorded in San Francisco, the album is a soundtrack to a film by George Kakanakis, which at the time of the albums release, remained unfinished. The album and film are named after the book Beat Museum - Bardo Hotel, by Brion Gysin, which is named after the Bardo Hotel in Paris. The soundtrack and film pulled influence from Gysin's "cut-up" method, which was co-developed with William S. Burroughs. The recording features samples of airplane sounds, BART announcements and other found sounds. New Orleans jazz and opera are two influences for the album's sound.
Tuxedomoon released the album Vapour Trails,, on Crammed Discs, in 2007. The album was recorded at Reininger's home. The band uses instruments like clarinets and flugelhorns along with their standard instrument setup. In 2007, they also released a CD and DVD boxset of unreleased and rare music and videos.
Band members live in Mexico City, Athens, Brussels and New York. Principle cites the band living on different continents as helping stay together as a band. Their publishing house was called Angst Music.
Musical style 
Steven Brown cites the bands early influences as "Eno, Bowie, John Cage, Bernard Herrmann, Nino Rota, Igor Stravinsky and Ennio Morricone." Later and current influences include Radiohead, Claude Debussy, Miles Davis, Michael Nyman and the Velvet Underground. Their music finds influence in genres such as punk rock, jazz, funk, tango, and post-punk.
Music critic Simon Reynolds, called their sound an "aura of jaded elegance," with a more European style musically versus what their American counterparts were creating at the time of the band's formation. Seattle Weekly described their music as radiating "a discomfort that hints of existential hives."
Studio albums 
- Half Mute, originally on Ralph Records, 1980
- Joeboy in Rotterdam, 1981
- Desire, originally on Ralph Records, 1981
- Divine, 1982
- Suite En Sous-Sol-Time to Lose, 1982
- Holy Wars, 1985
- Ship of Fools, 1986
- You, 1987
- The Ghost Sonata, 1991
- Joeboy in Mexico, 1997
- Soundtracks - Urban Leisure, 2002
- Cabin in the Sky, 2004
- Bardo Hotel Soundtrack, 2006
- Vapour Trails, 2007
Singles and EPs 
- "Joeboy the Electronic Ghost"/"Pinheads on the Move", 7", 1978
- No Tears, 1978
- "Stranger"/"Love/No Hope", 7", 1979
- Scream With a View, 1979
- "What Use?"/"Crash", 7", 1980
- "Dark Companion"/"59 to 1 Remix", 7", 1980
- Urban Leisure (flexi), 1980
- "Jinx"/"Incubus (Blue Suite)", 7", 1981
- "Une Nuit au Fond de la Frayere"/"Egypt", 7", 1981
- "Ninotchka"/"Again", 12", 1982
- What Use? - remix, 1982
- Why is She Bathing?, 1982
- Time to Lose, 1982
- Short Stories, 1983
- "Soma"/"H.T.E.", 7", 1984
- Tales from the New World (3 x 12inch collection), 1984
- "Boxman (The City)"/"The Train", 7" 1987
- "You (new version)"/"Atlantis (Remix)", 7", 1987
- No Tears '88, 1988
- "Michael's Theme"/Interview, 7", 1988
Live albums 
- Subterranean Modern, Ralph Records, 1979
- Savoy Sound — Wave Goodbye, (live album) originally on Go! Records, currently on CD Presents, 1981
- A Thousand Lives by Picture, Ralph Records, 1983
- Pinheads on the Move, 1987
- Solve et Coagula, 1994
- Remixes & Originals, International DeeJay Gigolo Records, 2000
- 77o7 Tm (the 30th Anniversary Box)
as Blaine L. Reininger 
- Broken Fingers, Les Disques du Crépuscule, 1982
- Brinn, David (27 September 2004). "Born again in Tel Aviv". Jeruselem Post. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Reynolds, 202.
- Smith, Rod (11 January 2006). "A Mug of Joeboy". Seattle Weekly. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Reynolds, 203.
- Reynolds, 197.
- "Tuxedomoon: A lasting affair". Athens News. 19 September 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Gill, John. "Tuxedomoon". Interviews by John Gill. Paris Transatlantic. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Reynolds, 211.
- Sean Body (1 July 2001). Wish The World Away: Mark Eitzel and the American Music Club. SAF Publishing Ltd. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-946719-20-4. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- Roger F. Cook; Gerd Gemünden (1997). The Cinema of Wim Wenders: Image, Narrative, and the Postmodern Condition. Wayne State University Press. p. 261. ISBN 978-0-8143-2578-0. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- Chernov, Sergey (1 December 2000). "tuxedomoon: has-beens dupe 'tolerant' russian audience". The St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Grandy, Eric (6 July 2006). "Tuxedomoon". The Stranger. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Gill, Andy (23 November 2007). "New releases". The Independent. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Reynolds, 204.
- Reynolds, Simon. Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978-1984. New York: Penguin (2006). ISBN 0143036726