Tweebuffelsmeteenskootmorsdoodgeskietfontein

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Tweebuffelsmeteenskootmorsdoodgeskietfontein is a farm in the North West province of South Africa, located about 200 km west of Pretoria and 20 km east of Lichtenburg[1]Coordinates: 26°10′S 26°28′E / 26.167°S 26.467°E / -26.167; 26.467 whose 44-character name has entered South African folklore. It is the longest place name in South Africa,[2] The name was used as the title for an Afrikaans lyric written by Fanus Rautenbach (af)[3][4] and performed by Anton Goosen.

The name, which follows a common format for Afrikaans place names in South Africa, is Afrikaans for "The spring where two buffaloes were killed with a single shot". The literal translation is "Twee buffels" = "Two buffaloes", "met een skoot" = "with one shot"; "morsdood" = "stone dead"; "geskiet" = "shot"; "fontein" = "spring (river source)" or "fountain". This name illustrates the compounding nature of Afrikaans.[5] All the descriptive terms relating to one concept can generally be tied together into one long word. Another example of this would be wildewaatlemoenkonfytkompetisiebeoordelaarshandleiding, which translates to "wild watermelon jam competition judge's manual". Such use is, however, not common, and such words are often separated using one or more hyphens if they become too long or unwieldy.

The farm was originally granted to A.P. de Nysschen in 1866 by the government of the South African Republic; it is referred to in the survey diagram as "Twee Buffels Geschiet" (Two buffaloes shot) and shown as having an area of 6119 morgen and 429 square roods (5241.7 hectares).[6] Official maps published by National Geo-spatial Information refer to it as "Tweebuffels" (Two buffaloes).[7]

The name has also been used in advertising to signify the typical small rural town.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tweebuffels". Geocodes. Retrieved 2011-07-27. 
  2. ^ Euston-Brown, Kim et al. (2004). New Africa Social Science. Claremont, South Africa: New Africa Books. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-86928-282-0. 
  3. ^ "Tweebuffels-song". Retrieved 11 October 2010. 
  4. ^ Jan de Koning. "33 Sea-Sides (Om Te Rock 'n Roll)". iAfrica.com. Retrieved 6 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "Professor AM de Lange". Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "Survey diagram A1695/1914". 19 October 1914. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  7. ^ National Geo-spatial Information (2006). 2626AB GaRamodingwana (Map). 1:50,000. South Africa Topographic (3nd[clarification needed] ed.).

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