Twelve-wired bird-of-paradise

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Twelve-wired bird-of-paradise
BxZ Seleucidis melanoleuca 00a.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paradisaeidae
Genus: Seleucidis
Lesson, 1834
Species: S. melanoleucus
Binomial name
Seleucidis melanoleucus
(Daudin, 1800)

The twelve-wired bird-of-paradise (Seleucidis melanoleucus) is a medium-sized, approximately 33 cm (13 in) long, velvet black and yellow bird-of-paradise. The male has a red iris, long black bill and rich yellow plumes along its flanks. From the rear of these plumes emerge twelve blackish, wire-like filaments, which bend back near their bases to sweep forward over the birds hindquarters. The female is a brown bird with black-barred buffy underparts. Its feet are strong, large-clawed and pink in color.

The sole representative of the monotypic genus Seleucidis, the twelve-wired bird-of-paradise is a bird of lowland forests. The male displays on an exposed vertical perch with its breast-shield flared. Its diet consists mainly of fruits and arthropods.

Widely distributed throughout New Guinea and Salawati Island of Indonesia, the twelve-wired bird-of-paradise is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.[1] It is listed on Appendix II of CITES. However, it has not been easy to breed this bird in captivity. The first to successfully breed it in captivity were at Singapore's Jurong Bird Park.


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