Twenty-five Year Award

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Twenty-five Year Award
Menil Collection
The Menil Collection, the 2013 recipient of the award
Awarded for Long-term excellence in American architecture
Country United States of America
Presented by American Institute of Architects
First awarded 1969
Official website Official homepage

The Twenty-five Year Award is an architecture prize awarded by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) to buildings and structures that have "stood the test of time for 25 to 35 years",[1] and that "[exemplify] design of enduring significance".[2] The Twenty-five Year Award was first presented in 1969, and has been handed out every year from 1971 onward; the most recent winner, in 2013, was the Menil Collection, in Houston, Texas.

The project receiving the award can be located anywhere in the world, but must be designed by an architect licensed in the United States. Only two buildings outside of the United States have received the award, one in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the other in Barcelona, Spain. New York City has the most awards at five, while Boston, Chicago, New Haven, and Washington, D.C. are all tied in second with two awards each.

Buildings to which Finnish American architect Eero Saarinen has contributed have received six awards, while buildings designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill and Louis I. Kahn have each been honored five times. Buildings by Frank Lloyd Wright have received this award four times, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe has been honored for three of his buildings in the United States. Of the 41 projects that have received this award, only two, Eames House and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, had women as contributing architects.

Eligibility[edit]

The Twenty-five Year Award can be awarded to any type of architectural project and may be either a single structure or a group of structures that compose a larger whole.[1] Past examples of projects winning the award in this way include both monuments, such as the Gateway Arch and Vietnam Veterans Memorial, and groupings of buildings, such as the Salk Institute for Biological Studies and Haystack Mountain School of Crafts. Most buildings nominated for this award are new structures but one winner, Faneuil Hall Marketplace, was a substantial renovation of warehouses into a festival marketplace.[3]

For a project to be eligible to win the Twenty-five Year Award, it must have been built between 25 and 35 years before the year of the award. It must also have been designed by "an architect licensed in the United States at the time of the project’s completion". This means that the award candidate can be anywhere in the world, but must have been designed by a licensed American architect, such as the Fundació Joan Miró in Spain.[1]

To be nominated the project must be in a "substantially completed form" as well as "in good condition". Potential candidates must not have been altered substantially since they were built. Change of use is allowed by the rules, but the "original intent" of the structure must still be intact.[1] These changes of use include reorganization of interior space. This was taken into account with the Price Tower, which when built was a mix of offices and apartments, but when awarded, had only one apartment remaining.[4] The award is presented at the AIA National Convention each year.[5]

Nomination procedure[edit]

"Any AIA member, group of members, component, or Knowledge Community" is allowed to nominate a project for the Twenty-five Year Award. A project may be nominated multiple times, as long as it still complies with the eligibility requirements. Nominees are judged by today's architectural standards in their function, execution, and creativity. The project and its site are judged together, with any changes in context taken into account.[1]

Award recipients[edit]

The "Year awarded" column states the year the award was handed out, and has a link to an article about the significant architectural events of that year.

This list is believed to be complete and up-to-date as of June 2014.
Year
awarded
Building(s)
city
Image Architect(s)
1969 Rockefeller Center
New York City
Rockefeller Center and surrounding buildings Reinhard & Hofmeister; Corbett, Harrison & MacMurray
1971 Crow Island School
Winnetka, Illinois
Crow Island School Perkins, Wheeler & Will; Eliel & Eero Saarinen
1972 Baldwin Hills Village
Los Angeles
Main building of Baldwin Hills Village Reginald D. Johnson; Wilson, Merrill & Alexander; Clarence S. Stein
1973 Taliesin West
Paradise Valley, Arizona
Taliesin West with a pool in the foreground Frank Lloyd Wright
1974 Johnson and Son Administration Building
Racine, Wisconsin
The Johnson Wax building with a large globe in the foreground Frank Lloyd Wright
1975 Philip Johnson's Residence ("The Glass House")
New Canaan, Connecticut
The glas shouse surrounded by trees, pathways, and a lawn Philip Johnson
1976 860–880 North Lakeshore Drive Apartments
Chicago
860-880 Lakeshore Drive with surrounding roads and buildings Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
1977 Christ Lutheran Church
Minneapolis
Christ Lutheran Church Saarinen, Saarinen & Associates; Hills, Gilbertson & Hays
1978 Eames House
Pacific Palisades, California
The front door and trees of the Eames House Charles and Ray Eames
1979 Yale University Art Gallery
New Haven, Connecticut
Side View of the Yale University Art Gallery Louis I. Kahn
1980 Lever House
New York City
Lever House, surrounding buildings, and plaza Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
1981 Farnsworth House
Plano, Illinois
Farnsworth house during the winter Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
1982 Equitable Savings and Loan Building
Portland, Oregon
The Equitable Savings and Loan Building and surrounding buildings Pietro Belluschi
1983 Price Tower
Bartlesville, Oklahoma
Price Tower on an overcast day Frank Lloyd Wright
1984 Seagram Building
New York City
Seagram Building viewed from its broad side Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
1985 General Motors Technical Center
Warren, Michigan
General Motors Technical Center viewed from afar Eero Saarinen and Associates with Smith, Hinchman & Grylls
1986 Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
New York City
The Guggenheim museum with taxis in the foreground Frank Lloyd Wright
1987 Bavinger House
Norman, Oklahoma
Bavinger house and surrounding forest Bruce Goff
1988 Washington Dulles International Airport Terminal Building
Chantilly, Virginia
Dulles Airport Terminal Building Eero Saarinen and Associates
1989 Vanna Venturi House
Chestnut Hill, Pennsylvania
Vanna Venturi House and front yard Robert Venturi
1990 Gateway Arch
St. Louis
The Gateway Arch with the Saint Louis skyline in the background Eero Saarinen and Associates
1991 Sea Ranch Condominium One
The Sea Ranch, California
Sea Ranch Condominium One viewed from land Moore Lyndon Turnbull Whitaker
1992 Salk Institute for Biological Studies
La Jolla, California
The Salk Institute viewed from below Louis I. Kahn
1993 Deere & Company Administrative Center
Moline, Illinois
Deere & Company Administrative Center with surrounding streets Eero Saarinen and Associates
1994 Haystack Mountain School of Crafts
Deer Isle, Maine
Edward Larrabee Barnes
1995 Ford Foundation Headquarters
New York City
Ford Foundation Headquarters partially obscured by trees Kevin Roche, John Dinkeloo and Associates
1996 United States Air Force Academy Cadet Chapel
Colorado Springs
Air Force Cadet Chapel against a blue sky Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
1997 Phillips Exeter Academy Library
Exeter, New Hampshire
Phillips Exter Academy Library with surrounding lawn and trees Louis I. Kahn
1998 Kimbell Art Museum
Fort Worth
Kimbell Art Museum and surrounding green Louis I. Kahn
1999 John Hancock Center
Chicago
John Hancock Center and Chicago water tower Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
2000 The Smith House
Darien, Connecticut
Richard Meier & Partners
2001 Weyerhaeuser Headquarters
Federal Way, Washington
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, Fazlur Rahman Khan
2002 Fundació Joan Miró
Barcelona, Spain
Fundació Joan Miró and entrance way gardens Sert Jackson and Associates
2003 Design Research Headquarters Building
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Front of the Design Research Headquarters Building BTA Architects (formerly known as Benjamin Thompson & Associates, Inc.)
2004 East Building, National Gallery of Art
Washington, D.C.
East Building of the national Gallery of Art with surrounding plaza I.M. Pei & Partners, Architects
2005 Yale Center for British Art
New Haven, Connecticut
Yale Center for British Art with surrounding buildings and trees Louis I. Kahn
2006 Thorncrown Chapel
Eureka Springs, Arkansas
Front of the Thorncrown Chapel partially obscured by trees E. Fay Jones
2007 Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Washington, D.C.
Aerial view of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Maya Lin, designer; Cooper-Lecky Architects, architect of record
2008 The Atheneum
New Harmony, Indiana
The Antheneum and surrounding lawn Richard Meier & Partners
2009 Faneuil Hall Marketplace
Boston
Oblique view of Faneuil hall Marketplace and surrounding pedestrian mall Benjamin Thompson & Associates
2010 The Hajj Terminal at King Abdulaziz International Airport
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Interior of the Hajj Terminal Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
2011 John Hancock Tower
Boston
The John Hancock Tower with the Charles River in the foreground I.M. Pei & Partners
2012 Gehry Residence
Santa Monica
View of Gehry Residence Gehry Partners LLP
2013 Menil Collection
Houston
View of Menil Collection Renzo Piano Building Workshop LLP
2014 Washington Metro
Washington, D.C.
Intersection of ceiling vaults at Metro Center station Harry Weese

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General

"Twenty Five Year Award Recipients". American Institute of Architects. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 

Specific
  1. ^ a b c d e Twenty-Five Year Award. American Institute of Architects. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  2. ^ Haystack school to receive architecture award. Bangor Daily News. December 10, 1993. p. 24. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
  3. ^ Campbell, Robert. Two urban drawing cards are now in limbo. The Boston Globe. December 21, 2008. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
  4. ^ AIA honors Wright tower. Milwaukee Journal. May 8, 1983. p. 5. Retrieved July 1, 2011
  5. ^ John Hancock Tower in Boston selected to receive AIA Twenty-five Year Award. Archinnovations. January 19, 2011. Retrieved April 9, 2011

External links[edit]