A Twenty20 International (T20I for short, pronounced "tee twenty aye") is a form of cricket, played between two national teams, in which each team faces 20 overs. The game is played under the rules of Twenty20 cricket.
The first Twenty20 International took place on 17 February 2005 when Australia defeated New Zealand by 44 runs at Eden Park in Auckland. The inaugural T20I rankings were released by the International Cricket Council on 24 October 2011, with England at the top.
Teams with T20I status
The ten Test-playing nations (which are also the ten full members of the ICC) have permanent T20I status. The nations are listed below with the date of each nation's T20I debut shown in brackets:
- New Zealand (17 February 2005)
- Australia (17 February 2005)
- England (13 June 2005)
- South Africa (21 October 2005)
- West Indies (16 February 2006)
- Sri Lanka (15 June 2006)
- Pakistan (28 August 2006)
- Bangladesh (28 November 2006)
- Zimbabwe (28 November 2006)
- India (1 December 2006)
Since 2005, the ICC has granted temporary ODI and T20I status to six other teams (known as Associate/Affiliate members). Teams earn this temporary status for a period of four years based on their performance in the quadrennial ICC World Cricket League – or, more specifically, based on the top six finishing positions at the ICC World Cup Qualifier, which is the final event of the World Cricket League. On the 28th of June 2014, the ICC granted T20I status to Nepal and Netherlands, both of whom qualified for and took part in the 2014 ICC World Twenty20, but had both failed to gain/retain ODI status. The following eight teams currently have this status (the dates listed in brackets are of their first T20I match after gaining temporary ODI or T20I status):
- Scotland (from 12 September 2007, until the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier)
- Ireland (from 2 August 2008, until the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier)
- Afghanistan (from 1 February 2010, until the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier)
- Hong Kong (from 16 March 2014, until the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier)
- Papua New Guinea (from 1 February 2014, until the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier)
- United Arab Emirates (from 17 March 2014, until the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier)
- Nepal (from 24 November 2014, until the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier)
- Netherlands (from 28 June 2014, until the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier)
Subsequently, four other Associate Nations have held temporary ODI and T20I status as a result of World Cricket League performances, before being relegated after underperforming at the World Cup Qualifier:
- Kenya (from 1 September 2007, until 30 January 2014)
- Netherlands (from 2 August 2008, until 28 January 2014)
- Canada (from 2 August 2008, until 28 January 2014)
- Bermuda (from 3 August 2008, until 8 April 2009)
ICC World Twenty20
The ICC World Twenty20 is the Twenty20 version of the Cricket World Cup. It began in 2007 and is held once every two years.
ICC limitations on number of T20Is
In 2007 when the first ICC World Twenty20 was held in South Africa, it was set at three at home and four away in a year. At the moment, each member country is allowed to play six home and six away matches, and a maximum of three Twenty20 matches in a bilateral series. It means each of ten full ICC members can play a maximum of 12 Twenty20 Internationals in a calendar year. The motives are sound, and only New Zealand, against Pakistan between Christmas and New Year in 2010, have played three in a series. The ICC has increased the number of T20Is, a country may play in a World Twenty20 year from 12 to 15, to allow better preparation for the tournament.
It was suggested that T20 cricket be played in the Commonwealth Games in Delhi in 2010. The BCCI was originally reluctant to commit to playing the short form of the game and it never made to the final list of events for games. Interestingly, 50-over format of cricket was once part of 1998 Commonwealth games.
Twenty20 cricket in Olympics
Twenty20's push to be part of the 2020 Olympics when International Olympic Committee approved cricket as an Olympic sport in February 2010. Even Jacques Rogge, president of the International Olympic Committee, is keen to see cricket becoming an Olympic sport in the future. Cricket was once part of the 1900 Olympic Games.
- ICC suggests increasing cap on T20s during World T20 year
- Australia open to more T20s in Pakistan series